3D PORTABLE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
14 September 1942-11 December 1945
John T. Greenwood, Ph.D.
Chief, Office of Medical History
Office of The Surgeon General, U.S. Army/
Headquarters, U.S. Army Medical Command
Falls Church, Virginia
The 3d Portable Hospital was established on 14 September 1942 with personnel
and equipment from the 42d General Hospital at Brisbane, Australia.
The 42d General Hospital, an affiliated reserve hospital unit, was organized
at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore and staffed
with physicians, surgeons, nurses, and enlisted personnel drawn heavily
from that medical school as well as Baltimore area hospitals. As
a result, the surgeons were exceptionally skilled and the enlisted personnel
were of a high caliber. The Medical Corps officers assigned to the new
unit also had known each other for several years prior to the war, so their
working relationships were excellent from the very beginning.
The commander was Maj. William L. Garlick, a 1937 graduate of the
George Washington University Medical School in Washington, D.C., who
had 4 years of post-graduate surgical training in Baltimore and 1 year
at Johns Hopkins Medical School in chest surgery. Garlick would
remain commander of the 3d through May 1945, virtually the entire existence
of the unit. Capt. Paul Fernbach, Medical Corps, who had been with 3d since
early 1944, assumed command. The 3d Portable Surgical Hospital was
inactivated in the Philippines on 11 December 1945.
The histories below were submitted by the 3d Portable Surgical Hospital
from January 1943 through December 1945 in response to the requirements
of the theater surgeon and The Surgeon General for all Army Medical units
to prepare periodic reports on their medical activities.
Minor typographical errors have been corrected in the text of the
reports. Except for this the content is the reports are entirely as
they were when they were originally submitted. All histories are from
U.S. Army records held in the National Archives and Records Administration
at College Park, Maryland.
1 January-1 March 1943
1 March-30 June 1943
Task Force TORNADO
Task Force CYCLONE
History to August 1944