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Preface

Contents

Preface

This is the third volume of the history of internal medicine in World War II. In the preface of the first volume, which contains the reports of the medical consultants, is recounted the story of the development of the organization that ultimately produced the history. The early enthusiastic efforts of Brig. Gen. Hugh J. Morgan and Cols. Walter Bauer, John S. Hunt, and Francis R. Dieuaide to implement its writing were described. At the suggestion of Col. Calvin H. Goddard, MC, former Director, The Historical Unit, U.S. Army Medical Service, an Advisory Editorial Board on the History of Internal Medicine, with Dr. Garfield G. Duncan as Chairman, was formed in 1952. Early in 1953, an editorial office was established at the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, with Dr. W. Paul Havens, Jr., as Editorial Director. Col. John Boyd Coates, Jr., MC, succeeded Colonel Goddard as Director of The Historical Unit.

In the preface of the second volume, which contains the clinical descriptions of certain infectious diseases, attention is called to the fact that World War II was the first great conflict in which fewer of our troops died of infectious diseases than of injuries. Mention was made of the numerous productive clinical and laboratory investigations initiated by the Armed Forces and by the various civilian commissions working under their aegis.

This volume-the third and last of the series-is a potpourri, with chapters on subjects concerned with infectious diseases, general medicine, and dermatology. It is making its appearance 15 years after the formation of the Advisory Editorial Board and 22 years after the end of World War II. Several of those who contributed greatly to the production of this history have died. The long lapse of time between the experiences recounted here and their publication in this volume does not detract from their value or interest. Although most of the information has long since appeared in our medical journals, volume III serves to bring it together in its proper relationship with place and time in history. Of necessity, there is overlapping of the material contained in this book and in volume I. However, in contrast to the more general aspects of various medical problems described by the medical consultants in the first volume, the chapters in this book, like those in volume II, were based on the observations of many medical officers and were written by physicians directly concerned with the responsibilities for the care of patients and the clinical investigations of their diseases.

The editor wishes to express his sincere thanks to the medical officers who made the material for these chapters available and to the contributors who have written them. In addition, thanks are due to Dr. Duncan


and the entire Advisory Editorial Board for their constant support and to Colonel Coates and his successors, Col. Arnold L. Ahnfeldt, MC, and Col. Robert S. Anderson, MC, for their many courtesies and vigorous assistance. In particular, appreciation is expressed again to Miss Eleanor S. Cooper, whose tireless and painstaking attention to the preparation and editing of most of these manuscripts was an invaluable aid in the compilation of this history.

The editor and the authors are also greatly indebted to Mr. E. L. Hamilton, Director, Medical Statistics Agency, Office of The Surgeon General, and Mr. A. J. McDowell, Chief, and Mr. M. C. Rossoff, Assistant Chief, Statistical Analysis Branch, Medical Statistics Agency, who not only provided essential data but also checked and reviewed all statistical information contained herein.

Finally, grateful acknowledgment is made to Mrs. Rebecca L. Levine, Chief, Editorial Section, Editorial Branch, The Historical Unit, who performed the final publications editing and prepared the index for this volume.

                                                                                W. PAUL HAVENS, Jr., M.D.

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