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Appendix C

Contents

APPENDIX C

Circular Letters, Pacific Areas

The following official statements on transfusion and blood banks were issued during the course of the war in the Pacific:

Circular Letter No. 9, Office of the Surgeon, Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in Australia, 4 June 1942, subject: Blood for Transfusion. This letter, which concerned the payment of donors, was rescinded on 16 June 1942 by Circular Letter No. 21, from the same headquarters, subject: Donation of Blood for Transfusion and Other Purposes. This letter also provided for the payment of donors.

Technical Memorandum No. 13, Office of the Chief Surgeon, Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, 21 September 1944, subject: Blood Bank. This letter concerned the establishment of the blood bank at the 27th General Hospital (p. 389).

Technical Memorandum No. 1, Office of the Chief Surgeon, Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, 7 January 1945, subject: Preservation and Administration of Citrated Whole Blood. This memorandum concerned the general use of whole blood, supply, transportation and storage, criteria for use (age, hemolysis), selection of patients for transfusion, appropriate dosages, determination of compatibility, technical points of administration, and reactions.

Circular Letter No. 35, Office of the Chief Surgeon, General Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Pacific, 13 August 1945, subject: Calculation of Hemoglobin, Hematocrit and Plasma Protein (the Copper Sulphate Method). The pertinent part of this letter dealt with the copper sulfate technique.

Circular Letter No. 38, Office of the Chief Surgeon, General Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces, Pacific, 20 August 1945, subject: Whole Blood. This letter covered the provision, delivery, and refrigeration of whole blood; equipment; directions for administration; and indications. It was pointed out in this letter that the condition of the casualty, not the type of wound, determined the amount of blood to be used; that blood was often necessary during and after operation as well as for resuscitation; and that surgery was often a part of resuscitation.

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