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Appendix D

Contents

APPENDIX D

Administrative Requirements for Immunization of Overseas Area by Diseases*

SMALLPOX


Command

Initial immunization

Reimmunization

Authority

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater.

Entry to service

Every 6 months, on or about 1 April and 1 October

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USF India-Burma theater

...do...

Every year (previously every 6 months).

India-Burma Theater Cir 5, 20 Jan 45

USAF in Australia

...do...

Every 3 years

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

 

 

Every 3 years. Revaccinate on entry to theater if not done within preceding 12 months

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

USAF in South Pacific Area

...do...

Every 3 years

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 1944

South Pacific Base Command

...do...

Every 3 years and in presence of epidemic

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 78, 28 Jun 45

USAF in the Far East

...do...

Every 3 years and within 1 year of return to SWPA

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

USAF in the Middle East

...do...

Every 3 years if vaccinia or vaccinoid. Repeat in 1 year if immune

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

 

Within 1 year prior to departure from the United States

...do...

USAFIME Memo 3, 7 Apr 43

Persian Gulf Service Command

---

Prior to leaving the Middle East for return to the United States

PG SvC Med Branch Cir 3, 12 Apr 43 (in accordance with instructions from theater headquarters)

 

Within 1 year prior to departure from the United States.

Every 3 years if vaccinia or vaccinoid. Repeat in 1 year if immune.

PG SvC Cir 37, 20 Apr 43

USAF South Atlantic

Entry to service

Every year

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44

 

 

Every 3 years or in presence of epidemic

USAFSA Memo 3, 24 Jan 44

European theater

...do...

Every year

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

Immediate if no record since 1 July 1943

Immediate if no record since 1 July 1943

Ltr, CG ETO to CGs each Army, Air Force, Corps, Div, etc., 7 Feb 44, sub: Immunization. HD: 720.3

 

Entry to service

Every 3 years

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44.

 

 

 

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45.

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45.

TYPHOID-PARATYPHOID

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

Entry to service

Every year

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USF India-Burma theater

...do...

Every year (previously every 6 months)

India-Burma Theater Cir 5, 20 Jan 45.

USAF in Australia

...do...

Every 3 years and in presence of epidemic

USASOS Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42.

 

...do...

3 years after initial dose, and in presence of epidemic

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

 

 

Every year, and in presence of epidemic

USASOS Reg 50-30, C 1, 21 Sep 43

USAF in South Pacific Area

...do...

Every year

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 44

South Pacific Base Command

...do...

Every year and in presence of epidemic

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 78, 28 Jun 45

USAF in the Far East

...do...

Every year, in presence of disese, and within 1 year prior to return to theater

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45.

USAF in the Middle East

...do...

Every year

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

 

 

 

USAFIME Memo 3, 7 Apr 43.&

Persian Gulf Service Command

...do...

...do...

PG SvC Supply Cir 37, 20 Apr 43

USAF South Atlantic

...do...

...do...

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44

European theater

...do...

...do...

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

Immediate if no record since 1 July 43

Immediate if no record since 1 July 43

Ltr, CG ETO to CGs each Army, Air Force, Corps, Div, etc., 7 Feb 44, sub: Immunization. HD: 720.3

 

Entry to service

Every year

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

 

 

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

TETANUS

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

Entry to service

1 year after initial dose, and in presence of wound or operation

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45.

USF India-Burma theater

...do...

1 year after initial dose and as necessary thereafter

India-Burma Theater Cir 5, 20 Jan 45

USAF in Australia

...do...

1 year after initial dose, within 6 months prior to combat, and after injury

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

 

...do...

1 year after initial dose and within 6 months prior to entry to theater (possible second stimulating dose), and after injury

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

USAF in South Pacific Area

...do...

1 year after initial dose

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 44

South Pacific Base Command

...do...

1 year after initial dose, and when indicated clinically

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 78, 28 Jun 45

USAF in the Far East

Entry to service

1 year after initial, after injury, and within 1 year prior to return to theater

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

USAF in the Middle East

...do...

At end of 6 months [after initial] providing none given in United States, and after injury.

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

 

 

 

USAFIME Memo 3, 7 Apr 43

Persian Gulf Service Command

...do...

...do...

PG SvC Supply Cir 37, 20 Apr 43

USAF South Atlantic

...do...

Every year

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44

European theater

...do...

Every year

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

Immediate if no record since 1 February 1944

Immediate if no record since 1 February 1944

Ltr, CG ETO to CGs each Army, Air Force, Corps, Div, etc., 7 Feb 44, sub: Immunization. HD: 720.3 

 

Entry to service

Every year, after injury and on operative procedure on old wounds

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

1 year after initial, after injury, and on operative procedure on old wounds

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

TYPHUS

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

---

Every 6 months on or about 1 April and 1 October

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USF India-Burma theater

Theater requirement

Every 6 months

India-Burma Theater Cir 5, 20 Jan 45

USAF in Australia

For task forces operating from Northern Australian bases and for Air Corps

Every 4 to 6 months in danger of infection

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

 

In threat of epidemic or assignment to Asia, Africa, or continental Europe

...do...

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

USAF in South Pacific Area

If proceeding to SWP, and not previously immunized

In presence of definite exposure

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 44

South Pacific Base Command

When stationed in or proceeding to west of 130 E. or north of 30 N. if not previously immunized

When stationed in or proceeding to west of 130 E. or north of 30 N., every 6 months on or about 1 February and 1 November in endemic area and in presence of epidemic

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 78, 28 Jun 45

USAF in the Far East

Theater requirement

In presence of disease, and within 6 months prior to return to theater

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

USAF in the Middle East

...do...

Every 3 months

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

Persian Gulf Service Command

...do...

...do...

PG SvC Supply Cir 37, 20 Apr 43

USAF South Atlantic

...do...

Every 6 months

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44.

European theater

...do...

Every year

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

Immediate if  no record since 1 July 1943

Immediate if no record since 1 July 1943

Ltr, CG ETO to CGs each Army, Air Force, Corps, Div, etc., 7 Feb 44

 

Theater requirement

Every year, and every 4 to 6 months in danger of infection

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

Every year about 1 December, and every 3 to 6 months in danger of infection

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

CHOLERA

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

Theater requirement

Every 6 months, on or about 1 April and 1 October

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USF India-Burma theater

Theater requirement and between 6 months and 6 days prior to departure for travel by air to or through Egypt

Every 6 months and between 6 months and 6 days prior to departure for travel by air to or through Egypt

India-Burma Theater Cir 5,O 20 Jan 45

USAF in Australia

For task forces operating in Northern Australian bases, and Air Corps

Every 4 to 6 months in danger of infection

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

 

In threat of epidemic, or assignment to Asia, Africa, or continental Europe

...do...

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

USAF in South Pacific Area

When proceeding to SWP theater if not previously immunized

In presence of exposure

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 44

South Pacific Base Command

When stationed in or proceeding to west of 130 E. or north of 30 N. if not previously immunized

When stationed in or proceeding to west of 130 E. or north of 30 N. Every 4 to 6 months in endemic area, and in presence of epidemic

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 78, 28 Jun 45

USAF in the Far East

Theater requirement

Every 6 months for personnel serving in Philippine Islands, and within 6 months of return to theater

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

USAF in the Middle East

...do...

Every 6 months

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

 

 

 

USAFIME Memo 3, 7 Apr 43

Persian Gulf Service Command

...do...

...do...

PG SvC Supply cir 37, 28 Apr 43

USAF South Atlantic

...do...

...do...

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44

European theater

For travel or station in Asia (including Middle East) and East Indies

Every 4 to 6 months in the areas indicated

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

For travel or station in Asia (including Middle East), the Southwest Pacific area, and East Indies

Every 4 to 6 months when necessary [in the areas indicated]

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

Every 4 to 6 months in presence of danger of cholera

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

PLAGUE

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

In threat of exposure to epizootics and epidemics of human bubonic or pulmonic plague

---

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USAF in Australia

In threat of exposure to epidemics of human bubonic or pulmonic plague (no vaccine in Australia at the time)

---

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

USAF in the Far East

In presence of disease

---

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

European theater

In threat of exposure to epidemic

When indicated

ETO ADM Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

...do...

Every 4 to 6 months when necessary

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

Every 6 months; in presence of danger of plague

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

Chinese Combat Command (Prov), USF China theater

---

Every 4 years

China Theater Cir 13, 4 Apr 45

USF India-Burma theater

For travel into yellow fever zone

---

India-Burma Theater Cir 5, 20 Jan 45

USAF in Australia

Advised but temporarily discontinued until new vaccine supplied

---

USAFIA Cir Ltr 12, 18 Jul 42

 

For personnel in endemic regions

---

USASOS Reg 50-30, 29 Nov 42

USAF in South Pacific Area

---

Initial vaccination will be considered to protect for 4 years

SPA Memo 87, 12 Jun 44

South Pacific Base Command

Theater requirement if not vaccinated during preceding 4 years

---

SOPAC Base Comd Memo 228, 26 Dec 44

USAF in the Far East

In presence of disease

---

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

USAF in the Middle East

Theater requirement

---

USAFIME Med Sec Cir 7, 21 Oct 42

 

 

 

USAFIME Memo 3, 7 Apr 43

Persian Gulf Service Command

...do...

---

PG SvC Supply Cir 37, 20 Apr 43

 

Between 2 years and 10 days prior to departure for zone of the interior

---

PG SvC Cir 64, 26 Jul 43

 

For personnel passing through or stationed in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Eritrea, and any country south of 15th Meridian at least 9 days prior to entry; and personnel returning to zone of the interior by unknown route, 9 days prior to departure [cites Memo 9, USAFIME, 14 Aug 43]

Every 2 years

PG SvC Cir, 8 Sep 43

 

Theater requirement and for travel to endemic zone

...do...

Ltr, CG PG SvC to COs all Districts, Post, Camps, and Stations, 3 Mar 44, sub: Yellow fever vaccine. HD: 720.3

USAF South Atlantic

Theater requirement

Every 3 years

USAFSA Memo 2, 10 Jan 44

 

Theater requirement and 2 years to 2 weeks prior to entry into endemic areas

...do...

USAFSA Memo 3, 24 Jan 44

European theater

For personnel in yellow fever zone

---

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

For entry into or passage through yellow fever zone

---

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

Every 4 years

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

DIPHTHERIA

Persian Gulf Service Command

In presence of disease

---

PG SvC Chart "Immunization Required," 31 Mar 43. HD: 720.3

European theater

In presence of hazard and positive Schick test

---

ETO Adm Cir 63, 9 Sep 43

 

Disease among troops with likelihood of spread

---

ETO Cir 62, 4 Jun 44

 

...do...

Usually none

ETO Cir 1, 7 Jan 45

 

 

 

ETO Cir 68, 25 May 45

 

In accordance with AR 40-210, 25 Apr 45; TB MED 114, 9 Nov 44; TB MED 143, Feb 1945

---

ETO Cir 69, 28 Sep 45

USAF in the Far East

In presence of disease

---

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45

European theater

Theater requirement

---

ETO Cir 69, 28 Sep 45

USAF in the Far East

Presence of disease

---

USAFFE Cir 25, 25 Mar 45


*Based on data available to author in Preventive Medicine Service and Historical Division, Office of The Surgeon General, on 1 June 1946.

The volumes comprising the history of the Medical Department of the United States Army in World War II are divided into two series: (1) The Administrative and Operational series which constitutes a part of the general series of the history of the United States Army in World War II, published under the direction of the Office of the Chief of Military History, and (2) the Professional, or clinical and technical, series published as The Medical Department of the United States Army under the direction of the Office of The Surgeon General. Both series are being prepared by the Historical Unit, Army Medical Service. As part of the clinical series, this is the second of a group of volumes to be published concerning preventive medicine.

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