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First U.S. Army, The Battle for Germany, 13 September - 15 December 1944

The Fight for the Hürtgen Forest

FIRST U.S. ARMY

THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY

13 SEPTEMBER - 15 DECEMBER 1944


CONTENTS

Phases of First US Army during the Battle for Germany

COMBAT MEDICAL STATISTICS, FIRST U.S. ARMY IN EUROPE, THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY, 
    13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

FIRST US ARMY LOSSES DURING PHASES OF EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN, THE  BATTLE FOR GERMANY,
    13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

WOUNDED ADMITTED AND DISPOSED OF BY FIRST U.S. ARMY MEDICAL UNITS, THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY,
    13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

BASIC ADMISSION RATES BY MAJOR COMPONENTS, FIRST US ARMY, THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY PER 1000 PER ANNUM, 
    SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 1944

CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS TO FIRST U.S. ARMY INSTALLATIONS, THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY, 
    13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS TO FIRST U.S. ARMY MEDICAL INSTALLATIONS, EUROPEAN THEATER OF
    OPERATIONS, 6 JUNE 1944 - 8 MAY 1945
 


Phases:

Consolidation, 13 September-15 October 1944

The Aachen Offensive, 16-26 October 1944

Preparation for a New Offensive, 27 October-15 November 1944

Drive to the Roer River, 16 November-13 December 1944

The Roer Dams Offensive, 14-15 December 1944


COMBAT MEDICAL STATISTICS

FIRST U.S. ARMY IN EUROPE

THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY

13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

 

Disease

 

Wounded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NP

Other

Non-battle Injury

Lightly

 

Severely

US Army Total

US Navy

Allies

Enemy

Civilian

Total

Direct Admissions

9,503

32,920

10,973

23,681

11,808

88,885

1

199

3,735

791

93,611

Returned to Duty

3,245

16,282

2,711

2,162

20

24,420

0

52

0

 

24,472

Evacuated

6,166

15,258

6,407

22,305

9,425

59,561

1

95

3,451

107

63,215

Died

1

17

66

17

1,130

1,231

0

11

201

70

1,513

Otherwise Disposed of

69

304

88

45

14

520

0

12

134

495

1,161


SOURCE: Table II-C, Annex 11: Medical, Vol 3: Annexes 9-14, First United States Army, Report of Operations, 23 February-8 May 1945, p. 133.


FIRST US ARMY LOSSES DURING PHASES OF EUROPEAN CAMPAIGN

BATTLE FOR GERMANY

13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944 

 

Disease

 

Wounded

 

Phase

Days

Average
Strength

NP

Other

Total

Non-battle Injury

Slightly

 

Severely

Total

Total
Admissions

QM* Burials

Total

Consolidation
13 Sep-15 Oct

33

277,115

3,567

9,454

13,021

2,573

8,166

4,700

12,866

28,460

2,045

30,505

Aachen Offensive
16-26 Oct

11

300,457

680

3,426

4,106

869

1,474

575

2,049

7,024

764

7,788

Preparation for a New Offensive
27 Oct-15 Nov

20

310,814

1,442

7,727

9,169

1,781

2,993

1,277

4,270

15,220

884

16,104

Drive to the Roer River
16 Nov-13 Dec

28

327,206

3,396

11,442

14,838

4,843

10,074

4,902

14,976

34,657

2,237

36,894

Roer Dams Offensive
13-15 Dec

2

349,234

418

871

1,289

907

974

354

1,28

3,524

161

3,685

Total

94

312,965

9,503

32,920

42,423

10,973

23,681

11,808

35,489

88,885

6,091

94,976


* QM Burials means all American soldiers who were killed in action, died of wounds, died of disease, or died of injury and whose remains were buried by the Quartermaster Graves Registration Service in American cemeteries in the theater. It does not account for all deaths, including killed in action and remains not recovered, missing and presumed dead, or died while a prisoner of war.

SOURCE: Table IX, Annex 11: Medical, in Vol 3: Annexes 9-14, First United States Army, Report of Operations, 23 February-8 May 1945, p. 141.


WOUNDED ADMITTED AND DISPOSED OF BY

FIRST U.S. ARMY MEDICAL UNITS

THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY

13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944 

PHASES

US ARMY ADMISSIONS

RETURNED TO DUTY

EVACUATED

DIED

Consolidation 13 Sep-15 Oct

12,866

1,049

11,293

480

Aachen Offensive 16-26 Oct

2,049

253

2,155

106

Preparation for a New Offensive 27 Oct-15 Nov

4,270

276

3,846

126

Drive to the Roer River 16 Nov-13 Dec

14,976

563

13,070

396

Roer Dams Offensive 13-15 Dec

1,328

39

1,366

39

Battle for Germany  13 Sep-15 Dec Totals

35,489

2,182

31,730

1,147


SOURCE: Table IV, Annex 11: Medical, in Vol 3: Annexes 9-14, First United States Army, Report of Operations, 23 February-8 May 1945, p. 136.


BASIC ADMISSION RATES BY MAJOR COMPONENTS,

FIRST US ARMY, IN THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY

PER 1000 PER ANNUM

SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 1944

COMPONENT

SEPTEMBER 1944

OCTOBER 1944

NOVEMBER 1944

DECEMBER 1944

First US Army Total

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

940.3

1,140.9

1,277.2

1,634.8

  

Battle Casualties

445.8

474.9

510.9

654.4

  

Injury

107.0

110.2

146.1

290.5

  

Disease

387.5

555.8

614.7

689.9

  

Psychiatric Diseases

101.7

81.0

106.4

111.3

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

31.4

96.0

88.9

90.3

  

Venereal Diseases

19.6

26.1

23.8

22.0

V Corps

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

506.7

394.3

797.4

769.5

  

Battle Casualties

202.9

41.9

282.8

223.1

  

Injury

97.6

82.9

97.8

130.2

  

Disease

206.9

278.3

381.3

447.0

  

Psychiatric Diseases

2.3

1.8

3.1

11.0

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

23.5

62.4

40.5

67.6

  

Venereal Diseases

28.1

13.0

10.6

19.3

VII Corps

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

365.9

520.9

698.3

626.2

  

Battle Casualties

93.9

134.4

137.5

135.5

  

Injury

97.6

82.9

97.8

130.2

  

Disease

174.6

303.6

463.0

360.5

  

Psychiatric Diseases

5.4

33.6

11.9

14.2

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

23.7

46.9

62.1

38.2

  

Venereal Diseases

16.3

1.0

22.5

29.3

1st Infantry Division

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

1,355.5

2,215.7

3,305.7

2,429.1

  

Battle Casualties

748.6

1,166.6

1,646.1

1,082.4

  

Injury

114.5

122.7

131.8

232.0

  

Disease

592.4

926.4

1,527.8

1,114.7

  

Psychiatric Diseases

91.5

178.8

354.0

181.9

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

22.4

90.1

119.1

81.7

  

Venereal Diseases

8.1

13.6

41.3

34.3

4th Infantry Division

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

1,997.2

1,105.5

3,898.8

3,451.1

  

Battle Casualties

998.9

291.1

2,380.9

2,155.6

  

Injury

191.3

145.9

179.8

530.4

  

Disease

807.0

668.5

1,338.1

765.1

  

Psychiatric Diseases

388.9

39.0

599.2

192.5

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

75.0

110.8

123.3

73.1

  

Venereal Diseases

24.8

7.6

11.8

8.1

8th Infantry Division

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

NOT ENGAGED

NOT ENGAGED

1,198.7

3,077.3

  

Battle Casualties

 

 

543.8

1,445.8

  

Injury

 

 

118.3

657.0

  

Disease

 

 

534.6

974.5

  

Psychiatric Diseases

 

 

96.7

248.7

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

 

 

99.1

231.0

  

Venereal Diseases

 

 

4.0

10,1

9th Infantry Division

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

2,291.7

3,580.6

1,288.4

2,228.4

  

Battle Casualties

1,179.5

1,869.5

135.9

659.7

  

Injury

217.9

305.8

231.2

366.2

  

Disease

894.3

1,405.3

921.3

1,202.5

  

Psychiatric Diseases

147.2

280.4

7.1

75.9

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

31.1

123.7

161.5

153.0

  

Venereal Diseases

1.4

7.6

7.9

20.9

28th Infantry Division

 

 

 

 

  

All Causes

2,009.9

1,155.5

3,820.2

1,192.2

  

Battle Casualties

936.4

397.3

2,400.8

437.0

  

Injury

199.4

180.5

362.7

266.4

  

Disease

874.1

577.7

1,056.7

488.8

  

Psychiatric Diseases

494.5

33.9

497.5

97.4

  

Common Respiratory Diseases

19.0

87.2

110.7

107.8

  

Venereal Diseases

5.2

6.2

1.6

12.1


CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS

TO FIRST U.S. ARMY INSTALLATIONS

THE BATTLE FOR GERMANY

13 SEPTEMBER-15 DECEMBER 1944

 

Disease

 

Wounded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NP

Other

Non-battle Injury

Lightly

 

Severely

US Army Total

US Navy

Allies

Enemy

Civilian

Total

Direct Admissions

9,503

32,920

10,973

23,681

11,808

88,885

1

199

3,735

791

93,611

Consolidation
13 Sep-15 Oct

3,567

9,454

2,573

8,166

4,700

28,460

0

99

1,798

436

30,793

Aachen Offensive
16-26 Oct

680

3,426

869

1,474

575

7,024

0

15

415

101

7,555

Preparation for a New Offensive
27 Oct-15 Nov

1,442

7,727

1,781

2,993

1,277

15,220

0

37

168

151

15,576

Drive to the Roer River
16 Nov-13 Dec

3,396

11,442

4,843

10,074

4,902

34,657

1

45

1,254

100

36,057

Roer Dams Offensive
13-15 Dec

418

871

907

974

354

3,524

0

3

100

3

3,630


SOURCE: Table III, Annex 11: Medical, in Vol 3: Annexes 9-14, First United States Army, Report of Operations, 23 February-8 May 1945, p. 135.


CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS

TO FIRST U.S. ARMY MEDICAL INSTALLATIONS

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

6 JUNE 1944 - 8 MAY 1945

 

Disease

 

Wounded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NP

Other

Non-battle Injury

Slightly

 

Severely

US Army Total

US Navy

Allies

Enemy

Civilian

Total

Invasion and Opening Phases
6 Jun-31 Jul 1944

11,150

16,167

7,576

32,699

27,580

95,172

337

486

6,207

812

103,014

Exploitation of the St. Lô Breakthrough
1 Aug-12 Sep 1944

5,965

9,467

3,887

12,269

7,527

39,115

2

281

5,530

1,035

45,963

Battle for Germany
13 Sep-15 Dec 1944

9,503

32,920

10,973

23,681

11,808

88,885

1

199

3,735

791

93,611

German Counteroffensive and the Drive to the Roer River
16 Dec 1944-22 Feb 1945

4,525

31,095

19,162

16,872

7,261

78,915

4

193

2,978

559

82,649

Closing Phases
23 Feb-8 May 1945

2,905

26,114

9,812

17,107

7,370

63,308

2

4,032

7,002

3,025

77,369

Total, 6 Jun 1944-8 May 1945

34,048

115,763

51,410

102,628

61,546

365,395

346

5,191

25,452

6,222

402,606


SOURCE: Tables II, II-A, II-B, II-C, II-D, & II-E, Annex 11: Medical, in Vol 3: Annexes 9-14, First United States Army, Report of Operations, 23 February-8 May 1945, p. 135.