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Appendix I

Contents

APPENDIX I

HEADQUARTERS
UNITED STATES ARMY FORCES WESTERN PACIFIC
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDING GENERAL

TRAINING MEMORANDUM

APO 707
No. l
2 AUGUST 1945


WET-COLD INDOCTRINATION PROGRAM

    1. PURPOSE. This indoctrination program is designed to establish universal appreciation and full recognition of wet-cold weather problems. together with the value of training in the proper use of individual wet-cold weather clothing and equipment.
    2. OBJECTIVES:
        a. The major requirement is the eventual qualification of every individual in this command in the correct employment of wet-cold weather procedures and equipment.
        b. A second requirement is the qualification of appropriate supply personnel as experts in technical matters of supply and storage, care and maintenance, fitting and issue and the presentation of clothing and equipment.
        c. Incident to the above requirements, a further objective to the establishment of definite command responsibility toward insuring that:
            (1) Training in the proper use of wet-cold clothing and equipment is a continuing proposition, to be carried on subsequent to initial indoctrination.
            (2) All officers and key enlisted personnel fully comprehend the capabilities and limitations of clothing and equipment in winter weather so that they may utilize the knowledge in exercising all possible precautions against weather-caused casualties.
    3. PRIORITIES OF INSTRUCTION: First priority will be given to combat units scheduled for earliest staging in any forthcoming operation. Other units will be phased in accordance with mounting out schedules.
    4. COURSES:
        a. Indoctrination in Proper Use of Clothing and Equipment. All individuals, officers and enlisted men, will be given a two (2) hours course of instruction to include:
            (1) Principles of how to live in wet-cold climates;
            (2) Demonstration and explanation of fitting, wearing, care and designed purpose of wet-cold weather clothing;
          (3) Training aids and training film to exhibit the dangers of wet-cold weather combat
            (4) A period reserved for answering questions.
        b. Supply Course. Unit supply personnel and Quartermaster Class II and IV personnel will be given a minimum of one (1) hour additional instruction in the issuing and proper fitting of each individual article of the uniform.
        c. Refresher Training. Constant review of the indoctrination course will be given.
    5. INSTRUCTIONS:
        a. Wet-Cold Instructional Team. A team of officer instructors will be attached to subordinate commands, as indicated in separate instructions to the commanders concerned. Full advantage will be taken of the services of these instructors as lecturers to personnel and for the training of unit instructors for supplementary indoctrination. Particular attention should be paid to the assistance the officer instructors can render to supply personnel.


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        b. Each major unit of this command will utilize the team referred to in subparagraph (a) above to train sufficient instructors within each major unit to centralize supplementary indoctrination.

    6. WET-COLD CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT:
        a. Special indoctrination is required to obtain the maximum benefit from wet-cold clothing. Such individual clothing includes  
             (1) Cap, field, cotton, O. D., with visor.
            (2) Jacket, field, M-1943.
            (3) Hood, jacket, field, M-1943.
            (4) Jacket, field, wool, O. D.
            (5) Sweater, high-neck.
            (6) Trousers, field, cotton, O. D.
            (7) Trousers, wool, O. D.
            (8) Suspenders, trousers.
            (9) Glove-shells, leather.
            (10) Glove-inserts, wool.
            (11) Shoe pats, M-1944 with two felt insoles.
            (12) Socks, wool ski.
            (13) Overshoes, Arctic M-1945.
        b. Individual equipment in the wet-cold classification includes:
            (1) Bag, clothing, waterproof.
            (2) Bag, sleeping, wool.
            (3) Case, water repellant, for bag, sleeping.
        c. Special purpose items of clothing and equipment in Class IN' category for which indoctrination will be required are the following:
            (1) Parka, wet-weather.
            (2) Trousers, wet-weather.
            (3) Overcoat, parka type, pile lined.
            (4) Boots, knee, wader.
        d. Training kits containing sample items of wet-cold clothing and equipment will be distributed to major commands by the team referred to in paragraph 6a above. Additional kits will be distributed as required.
    7. TRAINING AIDS AND REFERENCES: The following training aids and references will be given a limited initial distribution as they become available. Requisitions will be filled as promptly as possible under limitations of availability. Reproduction of training aids will be accomplished by the major echelons to the maximum extent possible.
        a. Manuals, Wet-Cold:
            (1) TM 10-275 Principles of Cold Weather Clothing.
            (2) FM 70-10 Mountain Operations.
        b. Manuals, Extreme Cold: (For consideration only; indoctrination in extreme cold is not part of the program sponsored by this memorandum) TM 70-15 Operations in Snow and Extreme Cold.
        c. Printed Matter:
            (1) Letter, Hqs Army Ground Forces, (file 710/111 (20 Jan 45) GNGBI) subject: "Prevention of Trench Foot and Frostbite." (To be furnished by WETCO officers.)
            (2) WD Circular 312, 1944-Trenchfoot, Cause and Prevention.
            (3) AR 850-125-Fitting of Shoes.
            (4) AR 850-126-Fitting of Clothing.


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        d. Bulletins on Fitting and Sizing:
            (1) SB 10-236 Size Tariffs.
            (2) SB 10.191 Fitting and Issuing Jacket, field, M-1943.
            (3) SB 10-194 and Change 1--Supplement Tariffs.
        (4) TB 10-275 (1) Lengthing of Sleeping Bags, Foot. ;Measuring and Fitting of Shoes and Socks.
        e. Cartoons: (To be prepared for automatic distribution)
            (1) How to Use the Sleeping Bag.
            (2) How to keep dry.
        f. Training Films:
            (1) FB 180 Trenchfoot.
            (2) Combat FB 30 through 42.
            (3) FS 142-3-4-5 Cold Weather Clothing.
        g. Special "Wetco Outlines":
            (1) 1-Wet-Cold Clothing and Equipment Indoctrination Course. (To be furnished by WETCO officers.)
            (2) 2-Supplement for Supply Personnel to Wet-Cold Clothing and Equipment Indoctrination Course.
            (3) 3-Accelerated Acclimatization. (To be furnished by WETCO officers.)
    8. REPORTS:
        a. Unit Status of Training Report. All USTR submitted to this headquarters prior to operational commitment will contain a statement as to the number of hours of Wet-cold Indoctrination accomplished per individual and the rating by unit commander as to the units proficiency in this subject.
        b. Classification Card Remark. Hours of indoctrination accomplished per individual will be entered on Individual AGO Form 20 and Form 66-1 cards, (Example: Wet-Cold Indoctrination _ _ _ _ _ _ hours on (day) (month) 1945). (GSC 353)

BY COMMAND OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL STYLER:

EDMOND H. LEAVEY,
Major General, USA,
Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff.

OFFICIAL:
    S/LEONARD S. CARROLL,
    Lt. Col. A. O. D.,
    Asst. Adj. General.

DISTRIBUTION:
    AD
    AGGA, AFWESPAC-30