COMPANY “D” 331ST MEDICAL BATTALION
APO #443, U. S. Army
(1 Jan - 31 January 1945)
The first day of 1945 found our Clearing Station still operating in the
near Esneux, Belgium K452158 and our census of patients treated
59 cases, transferred 8 cases, and returned to duty 9 cases from all
served. Our Company had 12 Officers of which 9 were MC, 2 DC, and 1
Captains and 4 1st Lieutenants) 92 EM and 1 EM on Detached Service with
from Company “B” 331 Medical Battalion (Tec 4 Alexander W. Krupka).
Joseph L. Grosh, M. C. was commanding officer and S/Sgt Walter L. Hearn
acting 1st Sgt.
December 1944 had been a very eventful month for our outfit and we had
idea of what the future might hold for us. The tactical situation was
considerably in our favor and the enemy was being forced back toward
Vith while suffering heavy casualties. The 424th Inf Regt was in a rest
While the two other infantry Regiments of the 106th Infantry
and 423rd) were still Missing In Action with the exception of a few
men who had infiltrated through the enemy lines.
During the first week of January most of the time was spent in
the various remaining units of our Division and as a result the
of casualties treated at the 106th Division Clearing Station were
casualties with a majority of these being trench foot and frostbite and
many cases of Nasopharyngitis. During this week icthyol ointment was
in some of the cases of frostbite of the feet. The results were not
satisfactory and it was decided to return to the original plan of
namely, using rest and elevation of the feet.
In the period from the 1st January to the 10 January 1945 our Company
completely equipped as to individual personnel and organizational
and we were prepared to serve in a more forward echelon. Most of the
personnel had needed almost complete re-equipping especially the 1st
who had through necessity left most of their personal and
equipment at LaRoche, Belgium on 20 December 1944. After about a week
comparative inactivity treating mostly foot cases and upper respiratory
the majority of the Officers and enlisted personnel were anxious to get
to work and return to action again as we were at Vielsalm and
Belgium in December l944.
Our 424th Inf Regt was to be sent back into the line again and
a reconnaissance was made to find a site for a Clearing Station. A site
located which was not very desirable at Niveze, Belgium near Spa,
The Clearing Station was located in a building which was not large
but due to the concentration of troops in this area it was necessary to
use of it regardless.
Resume of Activities from 1st January to 30 January 1945:
1 January 1945 we treated 59 cases, transferred 8 cases, and returned
duty 9 cases.
2 January 1945 we treated 71 cases, transferred 11 cases, and returned
duty 3 cases. Captain Jack H. Kamholz was reassigned to our Company
1st Lt. Monroe E. Neumann was transferred to Company “B” 331 Medical
and Tec 5 Nicos George was transferred to Hq Detachment per Special
#1 Hq 331 Medical Battalion dated 1 Jan 45. Also on this day Tec 4 Jack
and Tec 5 Louis A. Schaum Jr. were reduced to the grade of private
prejudice while Tec 4 Shimko was promoted to the rank of S/Sgt Tec 4
to Sgt and the following Tec 5's promoted to Tec 4, Richter, Whayne Jr,
and Eaton, the following Pfc’s were promoted to Tec 5, Russell, Null,
Kroboth and Lawson. Our strength was now 12 officers of which 9 were
and 3 1st Lt and now 91 EM.
3 January 1945 we treated 86 cases, transferred 16 cases and returned
duty 14 cases.
14 January 1945 we treated 83 cases, transferred 8 cases and returned
duty 22 cases.
5 January 1945 we treated 57 cases, transferred 5 cases and returned to
6 January 1945 we treated 141 cases, transferred 0 cases and returned
duty 12 cases.
7 January 1945 we treated 44 eases, transferred 3 cases and returned to
8 January 1945 we treated 51 cases, transferred 1 case and returned to
9 cases. On this date Pvt Charles J. Zalutsky, ASN xxxxxxxx, was placed
Detached Service as a medical aid-man with the 424th Inf Regt.
9 January 1945 we treated 46 eases, transferred 2 cases and returned to
On the 10 January 1945 the 1st Platoon of our Company departed from
Belgium via motor convoy and arrived at Niveze, Belgium K705125 at 1530
The distance traveled was 21 miles. The Clearing Station was set-up and
at 1700 hours. This was mainly an administrative move and the
received here were light, consisting mainly of foot cases and
diseases (Nasopharyngitis). On this day we treated 37 cases,
3 cases and returned to duty 6 cases. The Clearing Station at Esneux,
was closed at 1700 hours.
On the 11 January 1945 the 2nd Platoon departed from Esneux, Belgium at
hours, via motor convoy and rejoined the 1st Platoon at Niveze at 1130
The 2nd Platoon was kept in reserve and prepared to move at any time
the 1st Platoon operated the Station. The tactical situation had
and we were preparing to attack. The 1st Platoon operated the station
Niveze from 1530 hours 10 January 1945 until 1600 hours 13 January 1945.
On the 13 January 1945 2nd Platoon departed at 1300 hours via motor
from Niveze and arrived at Cour [Coo], Belgium K665053 at 1400 hours.
and opened a Clearing Station in the Provincial Sanatorium
sanatorium for Belgian Civilians). This was quite a large building and
very suitable for a Clearing Station. The 1st Platoon closed the
Station at 1600 hours 13 January 1916 and rejoined the 2nd Platoon at
The distance traveled was six miles.
The 424th Inf Regt was sent into combat on the 11 January 1945 and were
and gaining much ground. Therefore during the night of 11 January we
to receive but very few casualties and these were still mostly
casualties. The next day 12 January 1945 was still light and mostly
casualties. However, on the 13 January 1945 in our new location at
Belgium we were nearer the front and much better prepared to receive
casualties. Our troops composed of the 424th Inf Regt, 81st Eng (C) Bn,
517th Parachute Infantry were now attacking on the south and east of
Belgium. Our casualties were mostly battle casualties and were quite
Due to the efficient evacuation of patients by First Army Ambulances in
of very icy roads we were able to clear these patients without creating
bottleneck. Several severe chest wounds were treated and evacuated. One
these was a sucking wound of the chest with probable spinal cord injury
also having a compound fracture of the femur.
The majority of the wounds seen were due to Artillery and Mortar fire.
many of our patients had been exposed to zero weather for several hours
receiving initial First-Aid Treatment but in spite of this few were in
Nine units of Plasma were used without any untoward reaction. No single
needed more than 2 Units. At about 1800 hours due to the hazardous and
condition of the roads one of the 1st Army Ambulances turned over about
yards from the station with 5 of our patients whom we had just treated
evacuated. Fortunately none of these patients wounds were aggravated
to this accident.
Casualties were not as heavy on the 14 January 1945 as they had been on
previous day but we had many admissions because of frostbite, mostly
cases, and some Nasopharyngitis. The battle casualties were due to
rifle, and mines. The German forces were steadily retreating but were
anti-personnel mines behind them causing much delay to our troops. For
days we continued to receive heavy casualties moat of them though were
feet, some exhaustion cases, and injuries due to mines.
Resume of Activities for the period from 11 January 1945 to 20 January
11 January 1945 we treated 39 cases, transferred 14 cases, and returned
duty 2 cases.
12 January 1945 we treated 62 cases, transferred 114 cases, and
to duty 12 cases.
13 January 1945 we treated 186 cases, transferred 107 cases, and
to duty 11 cases.
14 January 1945 we treated 180 cases, transferred 61 cases, and
to duty 3 cases. On this date Sgt Ralph R. Brown, xxxxxxxx, and Pvt
J. Barry who had been transferred in December 1944 to Evacuation
due to Nasopharyngitis were reassigned. Our strength was now 12
and 93 enlisted personnel.
15 January 1945 we treated 249 cases, transferred 814 cases and
to duty 12 cases. On this date Pfc Oliver B. Winkler, xxxxxxxx, was
on Detached Service with Division Headquarters (G-2). His job was to
in public relations office.
16 January 1945 we treated 268 cases, transferred 66 cases, and
duty 28 cases.
17 January 1945 we treated 289 cases, transferred 78 cases, and
to duty 31 cases. On this day Sgt Vincent J. Mustacchio, xxxxxxxx, was
to the 128th Evacuation Hospital with the following diagnosis: NBC
mod, SV, Generalized, type and cause undetermined, S, LOD Yes. Our
strength was therefore 12 Officers and 92 Enlisted Men of which two of
were on Detached Service.
18 January 1945 we treated 241 cases, transferred 49 cases, and
to duty 30 cases. On the 17 January 1945 the Collecting Company “A”
Medical Battalion had become a holding company working in conjunction
the Clearing Station and was located at our former station in Niveze,
They were able to hold approximately 90 to 100 patients and treat them.
sent them mostly foot cases and enteritis and a few respiratory cases.
doing this we were able to hold patients until they could be returned
duty otherwise we would have been forced to evacuate them and they
have been lost to the 106th Division. During this procedure we had at
“A” at one time as high as 90 patients.
18 January 1945 Tec 5 Cleveland W. Mitchell, xxxxxxxx, was
to the 96th Evacuation Hospital with the following diagnosis: NBC
cat, ac, cause undet., LOD Yes. Our enlisted Personnel was now 91 EM of
two were still on detached service.
19 January 1945 we treated 198 cases, transferred 8 cases, and returned
duty 12 cases. Captain Elmer W. Lewis was put on detached service with
Special Troops in the forward echelon. Captain Lewis was platoon leader
the 1st Platoon. In his absence Captain George M. Osborne was made
20 January 1945 we treated 210 cases, transferred 21 cases, and
to duty 20 cases.
21 January 1945 we treated 218 cases, transferred 19 cases, and
to duty 26 cases.
22 January 1945 we treated 215 cases, transferred 17 cases, and
to duty 26 cases.
23 January 1945 we treated 195 cases, transferred 10 cases, and
to duty 26 cases.
On the 24 January 1945 at 0930 hours the 1st Platoon departed via motor
for our former location at the Chateau, at Esneux, Belgium K6605. A
reconnaissance had been made to the rear to see if this chateau was
available before the move was made. We had personal knowledge of this
as we had previously operated our Clearing station from 28 December
until 10 January 1945 and found it very satisfactory. The move was made
the Provincial Sanatorium because the First Army had priority on the
for one of their medical installations and we were not supporting any
line troops at this time. Our 424th Inf Regt was on the line near
Belgium in the vicinity of St. Vith but they were being evacuated
the 7th Armored Division Clearing Station.
The 2nd Platoon remained at the Sanatorioum Provincial until 25 January
at 1000 hours when they departed via motor convoy from Cour for Esneux,
The patients had been transported to Esneux, on the 24 January by
convoy. Traveling conditions were very hazardous due to icy roads but
vehicles reached their destination without accident. The distance
was 26 miles.
The only patients we were receiving while at Esneux, Belgium were those
the rear echelon and most were non-battle casualties. The majority of
cases during the next week were suffering from either frostbite and
Shortly after midnight on 26 January 1945 a near calamity hit our
Members of the 1st Platoon were awakened by smoke filling the room in
they were sleeping. They discovered that due to an overheated stove a
had developed in the floor and was spreading rapidly between the
Members of the 1st Platoon quickly got the fire under control by
holes in the floor and dealing with the fire directly. Pvt Bowers and
4 Swift showed unusual skill in fighting the fire. Their were no
and none of the patients were in any great danger.
The following is a resume of the Activities of the Company from 24 Jan
31 Jan 1945:
24 January 1945 we treated 167 cases, transferred 3 cases and returned
duty 24 cases.
25 January 1945 we treated 167 cases, transferred 21 cases, and
to duty 42 cases.
26 January 1945 we treated 84 cases, transferred 6 cases, and returned
duty 30 cases. On this date Pvt Domingo P. Perez, xxxxxxxx, was
to the 45th Evac. Hosp. with the following diagnosis: NBC Bronchitis,
cat, LOD Yes. This loss brought our enlisted personnel to 90 EM.
27 January 1945 we treated 56 cases, transferred 2 cases, and returned
duty 1 case. Lt. Krynski went to LaRoche, Belgium on this day to try to
some of the equipment left there on the 20 December l944 when it was
to make a hasty withdrawal due to the advance of the German Forces.
it was a fruitless search. And the disposition of all medical
Company records and personal equipment can not be determined whether it
captured by the Germans or whether the 7th Armored Division who
this city after our withdrawal managed to collect it.
28 January 1945 we treated 54 cases, transferred 1 case, and returned
duty 9 cases. Tec 4 Whayne was transferred to the 5th Evacuation
in grade per Par 5 SO #6 Hq 1st U. S. Army dated 6 January 1945. Our
personnel was now as low as 89 EM. Also Pvt Charles J. Zalutsky,
xxxxxxxx, on DS 424th Infantry
was hospitalized in the 7th Armd Div Clr Sta with the following
LIA BC Frostbite both ft, S, LOD Yes. General Perrin visited the
Station this date, and conferred honors on Officers and EM from Hq
Hq Det and Company “C” 331 Med Bn.
29 January 1945 we treated 68 cases, transferred 14 cases and returned
duty 11 cases.
30 January 1945 we treated 72 cases, transferred 9 cases and returned
duty 16 cases. Pvt Joseph R. DeLizio, xxxxxxxx, was assigned to our
from the 424th Infantry Regt per Par 1, SO #9 Hq 331 Med Bn this raised
enlisted personnel to 90 EM. Tec 5 Michael M. Padjen, xxxxxxxx, was
promoted to the grade of Tec
and Pvt Wiles, xxxxxxxx, was promoted to the grade of Tec 5.
31 January we treated 66 cases, transferred 5 cases, and returned to
14 cases from all units served. Pvt Charles J. Zalutsky, xxxxxxxx, was
of DS and returned to duty. Pvt William J. Barry, xxxxxxx, was
to Company “B” 331 Medical Battalion and Tec 4 Alexander W. Krupka,
was relieved of DS with us and returned to Company “B” per SO #11 Hq
Medical Battalion. On the last day of the month our Officer Personnel
Captain Joseph W. Grosh, MC, Commanding and consisted of 9 Captains (7
and 2 DC) and 3 1st Lieutenants, of which one was MAC (1st Lt. Hunt,
Co. Cmdr). Our enlisted personnel was 89 EM with S/Sgt Walter L. Hearn
CENSUS: 3,835 Treatments, 1,145 Admissions, 499 Duty, 546
584 BC, 561 Non-Battle Casualties, remaining in the station on this
(31 Jan 1945) 147 cases.