U.S. Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History
Skip Navigation, go to content

HISTORY OF THE OFFICE OF MEDICAL HISTORY

AMEDD BIOGRAPHIES

AMEDD CORPS HISTORY

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES

MEDICAL MEMOIRS

AMEDD MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORIES

THE SURGEONS GENERAL

ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE SURGEON GENERAL

AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE

THE AMEDD HISTORIAN NEWSLETTER

Finance & Supply

Books and Documents

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY IN THE WORLD WAR

VOLUME III

FINANCE AND SUPPLY

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
 MAJ. GEN. M. W. IRELAND

Surgeon General

BY

COL. EDWIN P. WOLFE. M. C.

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : WASHINGTON 1928


LETTER OF TRANSMISSION

I have the honor to submit herewith Volume III of the history of THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY IN THE WORLD WAR. The volume submitted is entitled “FINANCE AND SUPPLY.”

M.W. IRELAND,

Major General, the Surgeon General.

The SECRETARY OF WAR.


Lieut. Col. FRANK W. WEED, M. C., Editor in Chief.

Loy MCAFEE, A. M., M. D., Assistant Editor in Chief.

EDITORIAL BOARDa

Col. BAILEY K. ASHFORD, M. C.

Col. FRANK BILLINGS, M. C.

Col. THOMAS R. BOGGS, M. C.

Col. GEORGE E. BREWER, M. C.

Col. W. P. CHAMBERLAIN, M. C.

Col. C. F. CRAIG, M. C.

Col. HAVEN EMERSON, M. C.

Brig. Gen. JOHN M. T. FINNEY, M. D.

Col. J. H. FORD, M. C.

Lieut. Col. FIELDING H. GARRISON, M. C.

Col. H. L. GILCHRIST, M. C.

Brig. Gen. JEFFERSON R. KEAN, M. D.

Lieut. Col. A. G. LOVE, M. C.

Col. CHARLES LYNCH, M. C.

Col. JAMES F. McKERNON, M. C.

Col. S. J. MORRIS, M. C.

Col. R. T. OLIVER, D. C.

Col. CHARLES R. REYNOLDS, M. C.

Lieut. Col. G. E. DE SCHWEINITZ, M. C.

Col. J. F. SILER, M. C.

Brig. Gen. W. S. THAYER, M. D.

Col. A. D. TUTTLE, M. C.

Col. WILLIAM H. WELCH, M. C.

Col. E. P. WOLFE, M. C.

Lieut. Col. CASEY A. WOOD, M. C.

Col. HANS ZINSSER, M. C.


a The highest rank held during the World War has been used in the case of each officer.


7

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

SECTION I. ORGANIZATION FOR ADMINISTERING SUPPLY MATTERS

CHAPTER I. In the Surgeon General’s Office

    II Storing and distributing agencies; using agencies

SECTION II. PROCUREMENT

    III. Estimates and appropriations

    IV. Requirements

    V. Advertising for bids

    VI. Contracts

    VII. Factors affecting production of supplies

    VIII Clearance and priority of materials to be manufactured

    IX. Purchase of supplies

    X. Inspection of supplies

    XI. Consolidation of procurement

    XII. Consolidation of finances

    XIII. Disbursements

SECTION III. FIELD EQUIPMENT

    XIV. Individual equipment

    XV. Combat equipment

    XVI. Field hospital, ambulance company and other divisional unit equipment

    XVII. Evacuation hospital

    XVIII. Litters and litter carriers

    XIX. Surgical dressings

SECTION IV. MOTOR VEHICLES

    XX. Motor ambulance subdivision, Surgeon General’s Office

    XXI. The ambulance chassis

    XXII. The ambulance body

    XXIII Ford ambulances

    XXIV. Motor cycles

    XXV. Spare parts; supplies

    XXVI. Consolidation of procurement

    XXVII. Overseas shipments

    XXVIII. Donated ambulances

SECTION V. CAMP MEDICAL SUPPLY SERVICE

    XXIX. Camp medical supply depot

    XXX. Supplies and equipment

    XXXI. Special supplies


8
SECTION VI. HOSPITAL SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT
    
    XXXII. Hospital furniture and equipment

    XXXIII. Overseas base hospitals

    XXXIV. Surgical instruments

    XXXV. Surgical dressings and sutures

    XXXVI. Sterilizing apparatus

    XXXVII. X-ray equipment and supplies

SECTION VII. DENTAL AND VETERINARY EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES

    XXXVIII. Dental equipment and supplies

    XXXIX. Veterinary equipment and supplies

SECTION VIII. ACTIVITIES OF DISTRIBUTING MEDICAL SUPPLY DEPOTS

    XL. New York medical supply depot

    XLI. Motor ambulance supply depot, Louisville

SECTION IX. ACTIVITIES CONNECTED WITH THE OVERSEAS TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES

    XLII. Port medical supply depots

    XLIII. Shipping regulations

    XLIV. Transport unit equipment

    XLV. Termination of accountability for supplies sent to the American Expeditionary forces

SECTION X. MEDICAL SUPPLIES, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES

    XLVI. Organization and activities of the supply division, chief surgeon’s office

    XLVII. Finance and accounting

    XLVIII. Activities of intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, Gievres, France

APPENDIX

Index [Not included]

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure

    1. Medical officer’s belt

    2. Medical Department enlisted man’s web belt

    3. A pile of filled enlisted men’s belts, representing a day’s work, awaiting boxing for shipment, at the field medical supply depot at Washington

    4. Showing manner of filling belts

    5. Medical cart

    6. Method of packing contents of medical cart

    7. Litter with slings

    8. Snowshoe litter

    9. Field litter carrier in collapsed form

    10. Field litter carrier in use

    11. Field litter carrier as a trailer

    12. Wheeled litter carrier

    13. First-aid packet in metal case, and pouch

    14. Contents of first-aid packet

    15. G. M. C. chassis, model 1916

    16. Showing method of boxing G.M. C. chassis for shipment
    17. Showing method of boxing G.M. C. chassis for shipment

    18. G.M.C. ambulance, model 1916, open type

    19. G.M.C. ambulance, model l9l6, closed type

    20. Standard G.M.C. ambulance, 1918, with model AA body, side view

    21. Standard G.M.C. ambulance, 1918, with AA body, rear view


9
    22. Standard Ford ambulance of 1917, side view

    23. Standard Ford ambulance of 1917, rear view

    24. This and Figures 25 to 27 show the Ford ambulance of 1918
    25.  Ford ambulance of 1918
    26.  Ford ambulance of 1918
    27.  Ford ambulance of 1918

    28. Spare parts trailer, side view

    29. Spare parts trailer, front view

    30. Spare parts trailer, rear view

    31. Spare parts trailer, showing equipment carried

    32. Spare parts trailer, road side set up

    33. Layout of a camp medical supply depot in one of the buildings of the general camp warehouse group

    34. Floor plan and side elevation of one of the standard base hospital storehouses

    35. Standard sterilizing outfit, with two sterilizers

    36. Portable disinfector

    37. Portable X-ray outfit, model of 1917. Table top removed

    38. Standard bedside X-ray unit

    39. Portable dental outfit

    40. Veterinary ambulance, side view

    41. Veterinary ambulance, front view

    42. New York medical supply depot

    43. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, Gievres, entrance

    44. Advance medical supply depot No. 1, Is-sur-Tille, general view

    45. Map showing location of medical supply establishments, American Expeditionary Forces

    46. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, Gievres, main office

    47. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, showing railroad tracks

    48. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, showing Decauville track and turn table, as used in all warehouses

    49. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, showing interior of a warehouse

    50. Intermediate medical supply depot No. 2, showing issue room