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Contents

Books and Documents

Divisional Medical Service in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)

The medical services of the AEF's combat divisions played the central role during combat operations in France.  The medical structure of the American divisions during the war was markedly different from what went before and would come after.  The large American square division of 1917-18 with two infantry brigades, each of two regiments, had numerous supporting units and reached a total of over 28,000 men.  Medical personnel at the company, battalion, and regimental levels provided medical care the sick and wounded, but in time the battalion aid station under the battalion surgeon came to be the focal point of life-saving medical care close to the front lines.  A sanitary train of four field hospitals and four ambulance companies provided evacuation from the battlefield and the medical service for the division under the overall command of a division surgeon.

This section presents two excerpts from Volume VIII:  Field Operations of The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War that describe the organization, doctrine, and operations of the divisional medical service in the AEF.  Chapter IV, "Medical Service of the Division in Combat," details how the division's medical service was organized and functioned at the front, both in trench warfare and in open warfare.  The second excerpt is drawn from the Appendix and contains the abbreviations used, brief histories of the medical services and units of each of the divisions, and a list of the army and corps surgeons.
 

Medical Service of the Division in Combat (Chapter IV, Vol VIII: Field Operations)

Orders Prescribing Methods in Particular Divisions

Trench Warfare: Care of Casualties in Companies, Battalions, and Regiments

Company Aid

Battalion Aid Station

The Regimental Aid Station

The Sanitary Train

Ambulance Companies

Litter-Bearer and Ambulance Service

The Ambulance Company Dressing Station

Field Hospitals

Open Warfare: Care of Casualties in Companies, Battalions, and Regiments

Company Aid

The Battalion Aid Station

The Regimental Aid Station

Medical Service of Artillery and Machine-Gun Companies

The Sanitary Train

Ambulance Company Evacuation

The Dressing Station

Field Hospitals

Triage

Medical Supply Units

Division Laboratories

Burial of the Dead

References
 

 Appendix

 Abbreviations

 Brief Histories of Combat Divisions

1st Division
2d Division
3d Division
4th Division
5th Division
6th Division
7th Division
26th Division
27th Division
28th Division
29th Division
30th Division
32d Division
33d Division
35th Division
36th Division
37th Division
42d Division
77th Division
78th Division
79th Division
80th Division
81st Division
82d Division
88th Division
89th Division
90th Division
91st Division
92d Division
References

List of Depot and Replacement Divisions

Chief Surgeons of the Army

Corps Surgeons