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Table of Contents

Books and Documents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

CHAPTER:

I. Typhoid and the paratyphoid fevers. By Lieut. Col. Joseph F. Siler, M. C., and Maj. John S. Lambie, jr., M. C.

II. Inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract (bronchitis; influenza; bronchopneumonia; lobar pneumonia). By Maj. Milton W. Hall, M. C.

III. Tuberculosis. By Col. George E. Bushnell, M. C.

IV. Cerebrospinal meningitis. By Maj. James S. Simmons, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

V. Anthrax. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VI. Diphtheria. By Maj. John W. Meehan, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VII. The venereal diseases. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

VIII. The diarrheal group of diseases. By Maj. Milton W. Hall, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

IX. Smallpox. By Lieut. Col. Joseph F. Siler, M. C., and Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

X. Chicken-pox. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XI. Scarlet fever. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XII. Measles. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C., and Maj. George E. Lull, M. C.

XIII. Mumps. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XIV. German measles. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XV. Encephalitis lethargica. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XVI. Infectious jaundice; typhus fever; trench fever. By Maj. Arthur N. Tasker, M. C.

XVII. Vincent's disease. By Maj. Henry C. Michie, M. C.

XVIII. The malarial fevers. By Lieut. Col. Charles F. Craig, M. C.

XIX. Intestinal parasites. By Maj. Charles A. Kofoid, S. C.

XX. Diseases of the skin. By Maj. Arthur N. Tasker, M. C.

XXI. Neurocirculatory asthenia. By Col. Harlow Brooks, M. C.

XXII. Decisions as to whether or not disabilities were in line of duty. By Col. Weston P. Chamberlain, M. C.

LIST OF TABLES

Table:

1. Typhoid fever. United States Army by war periods; also the British Army (South African War), showing admissions and deaths. Absolute numbers, rates per 1,000 per annum, and case mortality rates.

2. Typhoid fever. Deaths by years, 1890 to 1919, white enlisted men, United States Army, and estimated rates for male civilian population, ages 20 to 34. Annual rates per 1,000.

3. Typhoid fever and typhoid vaccination. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost from duty, officers and enlisted men (white, colored, and native troops) United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

4. Typhoid fever. By country of occurrence, showing percentage relationship to total admissions and deaths from disease, and relative standing among the 30 most common causes of admissions and deaths, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

5. Typhoid fever, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. Vaccinated and unvaccinated groups, population, admissions, and deaths. Absolute numbers with rates per 1,000 and case fatality.

6. Typhoid fever. Admissions, enlisted men, by camps, September 1, 1917, to December 31, 1918. Absolute numbers and rates per 1,000.

7. Typhoid fever. By years of occurrence, in the armies of seven of the important nations involved in the World War, showing number of cases and deaths with ratios per 1,000 per annum, and case fatality rates, 1914 to 1919.

8. Typhoid fever. Concurrent with other diseases, enlisted men, United States Army, serving in the United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

9. Paratyphoid fevers. Officers and enlisted men, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919, by country of occurrence, admissions, and deaths. Absolute numbers and rates per 1,000.

10. Respiratory diseases. Primary admissions, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers, and annual ratios per 1,000.

11. Respiratory diseases. Deaths, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

12. Respiratory diseases. Officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Case fatalities and ratios of bronchopneumonia to lobar pneumonia.

13. Total respiratory diseases (influenza, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, and lobar pneumonia), white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, in the United States, by months, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

14. Total respiratory diseases (influenza, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, and lobar pneumonia), white and colored enlisted men, United States Army in Europe, by months, from June, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

15. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men, in the United States, by months, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

16. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men, in the United States, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

17. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men, in the United States, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

18. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men in the United States, from April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

19. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in Europe, from June, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

20. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in Europe, from June, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

21. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men in Europe, from November, 1917, to September 30, 1919.

22. Annual death rates per 1,000 strength, colored enlisted men in Europe, from November 1, 1917, to September 30, 1919.

23. Incidence of influenza and of influenza-pneumonia by weeks, June 17, 1918, to December 29, 1919. Annual rates per 1,000.

24. Relative admission and death rates, and case fatalities from the respiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men, United States Army, by State of birth.

25. Relative position of the States in respect of rates of natives for admissions, deaths, and case fatality from the respiratory group of diseases, white enlisted men, United States Army.

26. Relative admission and death rates and case fatality for the respiratory group of diseases for colored enlisted men by State of birth, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

27. Influenza and pneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and case fatality rates, for 40 large camps in the United States during the fall epidemic, 1918.

28. Cerebrospinal meningitis. Primary admissions, and deaths shown by countries of occurrence for officers and enlisted men, United States Army, with ratios per 1,000 strength, April, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

29. Cerebrospinal meningitis. Primary admissions, and deaths by months with annual ratios per 1,000 strength; white and colored enlisted men, United States Army in the United States and Europe, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

30. Cerebrospinal meningitis. By camps of occurrence, showing primary admissions and deaths, with annual ratios per 1,000 strength, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army; also case fatality rates, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

31. Anthrax. Admissions and deaths, by countries, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

32. Anthrax. Admissions and deaths, by specified camps of occurrence, enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

33. Diphtheria. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and annual ratios per 1,000.

34. Diphtheria. Admissions and deaths by months, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

35. Diphtheria. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and annual ratios per 1,000.

36. Diphtheria carriers. Admissions, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and annual ratios per 1,000.

37. Diphtheria carriers. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlisted men, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

38. Results of cultures for the detection of diphtheria bacilli among soldiers arriving at the port of Hoboken on transports, December, 1918, to May, 1919.

39. Diphtheria carriers and clinical cases of diphtheria, relative occurrence, at Debarkation Hospital No. 3, New York, December, 1918, to May, 1919.

40. Diphtheria carriers. Duration of carrier state, embarkation and debarkation hospitals, New York, showing absolute numbers and average periods of hospitalization by 10-day groupings.

41. Venereal diseases (all). Primary admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and noneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

42. Defects found in drafted men. Venereal diseases (all).

43. Gonococcus infection. Primary admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and noneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

44. Complications, sequelę and concurrent diseases, among primary admissions for gonococcus infections in the United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

45. Syphilis. Primary admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and noneffectiveness, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

46. Primary admissions with complications, sequelę and concurrent diseases reported of 12,843 cases of syphilis in the United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

47. Diarrheal diseases. Primary admissions, white enlisted men in the United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Annual rates per 1,000 by months.

48. The diarrheal diseases (dysentery, acute and chronic, and diarrhea). Admissions and deaths, absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000 per annum, white enlisted men, United States Army, 1819 to 1919.

49. Dysentery (all), diarrhea, and enterocolitis. Officers and enlisted men, United States Army, by countries of occurrence. Primary admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and noneffectiveness, absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000 per annum, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

50. Diarrheal group of diseases. Comparative mortality in the United States Army during the World War, and the United States registration area, males, age 20-34, 1917-1919. Annual death rates per 1,000.

51. Dysentery. Incidence by types, and annual ratios per 1,000 by months, white enlisted men, United States Army, in the United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

52. Dysentery. Incidence by types, and annual ratios per 1,000 by months, white enlisted men, United States Army, in Europe, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

53. Dysentery (all types). Primary admissions, United States Army, 1917 to 1919, shown by etiological types. Total cases in the United States and Europe. Absolute numbers.

54. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths, white enlisted men, United States Army, 1840 to 1919. Rates per 1,000.

55. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths United States Army in the Civil War, Spanish American War and Philippine Insurrection, and the World War. Absolute numbers and ratios per 10,000.

56. Smallpox. Admissions and deaths, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

57. Smallpox. Admissions by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

58. Smallpox. Numbers of admissions and ratios per 1,000 enlisted men (white and colored), United States Army, by States and groups of States, and comparable ratios per 1,000 among the civilian population of these States and groups, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

59. Chicken-pox. Admissions and days lost, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

60. Scarlet fever. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

61. Scarlet fever. Admissions and deaths, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, by months, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

62. Scarlet fever. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

63. Scarlet fever. Complications, sequelę, and concurrent diseases, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

64. Admissions and deaths from scarlet fever, concurrent with other diseases, enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

65. Measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

66. Measles. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, in the United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

67. Measles and population, United States registration area, all ages, by States of occurrence, showing estimated population, July 1, 1918. Admissions, and deaths. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

68. Measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, by race, enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

69. Measles. Admissions, deaths, and case fatality rates, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, by sections of the United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

70. Measles. Concurrent diseases and complications, enlisted men in the United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

71. Measles with bronchopneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and discharges for disability, by length of service, white enlisted men in the United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

72. Measles with lobar pneumonia. Admissions, deaths, and discharges for disability, by length of service, white enlisted men in the United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

73. Mumps. Admissions, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

74. Mumps. Admissions, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

75. Mumps. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

76. German measles. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries of occurrence, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

77. German measles. Admissions and deaths, by camps of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, with ratios per 1,000 strength, and case fatality rates, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

78. German measles. Admissions, by months, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000, April, 1917, to December, 1919.

79. Comparative occurrence, measles, German measles, and scarlet fever, in a selected group of camps in the United States, 1917 and 1918. Ratios per 1,000.

80. Vincent's disease. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, white and colored enlisted men and native troops, United States Army, by countries of occurrence, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers.

81. Malarial fevers. Admissions and deaths, enlisted men, United States Army, 1911 to 1920. Ratios per 1,000.

82. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, and discharges for disability, officers and enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.
Absolute numbers, ratios per 1,000, per cent of total diseases, and relative standings.

83. Malarial fevers. Admissions deaths, discharges for disability and days lost, by race, enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

84. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, and days lost, by countries of occurrence, white enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

85. Malarial fevers. Large camps, United States. Admissions, deaths, and discharges for disability, white and colored enlisted men, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

86. Malarial fevers. Admissions, deaths, discharges for disability, by State of induction, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919.

87. Malarial fevers. Admissions by months, white and colored enlisted men, United States, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers and ratios per 1,000.

88. Malarial fevers, secondary to other diseases. Enlisted men, United States and Europe, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers, ratios per 1,000, and percentage rates.

89. Comparative results in detection of ova by direct smear and brine flotation-loop methods.

90. Hookworm infection in States in the hookworm area.

91. Hookworm infection in the Middle West-Mississippi Valley.

92. Hookworm infection in the Northeastern States.

93. Hookworm infection in the Pacific Slope States.

94. Summary of infection by intestinal parasites in 2,300 overseas troops and 576 home service troops, United States Army.

95. Infections by hookworm and Hymenolepis nana in men from Northern States.

96. Infections by hookworm and Hymenolepis nana in men from Southern States.

97. Diseases of the skin and cellular tissue. Primary admissions, officers and enlisted man, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Absolute numbers.

 LIST OF CHARTS

Chart:

I. Typhoid and typhus fevers, white enlisted men, United States Army, admissions and deaths, 1820-1919

II. Typhoid fever, enlisted men, United States Army, in continental United States, excluding Alaska, admissions and deaths, by years, for the period 1897-1919. Annual rates per 1,000

III. Deaths, typhoid fever, for white enlisted men, and estimated rates for male civilians, ages 20-34, 1890-1919

IV. Typhoid fever. Positive, clinical, and suspect cases, American Expeditionary Forces, showing strength, cases reported, and rates per 100,000 of strength, by weeks

V. Comparative trends of mortality rates per 1,000 for pneumonia and influenza, United States registration area for deaths, 1911-1920

VI. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in the United States for influenza, bronchitis, lobar pneumonia, and bronchopneumonia, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

VII. The relations between the annual admission rates per 1,000 strength, white enlisted men in the United States, of the combined influenza and bronchitis and the combined lobar pneumonia and bronchopneumonia, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

VIII. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength, for white and colored enlisted men in the United States, total respiratory group of diseases, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

IX. Annual admission and death rates for white and colored enlisted men in Europe, total respiratory group of diseases, by months, June, 1917, to December, 1919

X. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength for white enlisted men in the United States and in Europe, total respiratory group of diseases, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XI. Annual admission and death rates per 1,000 strength for colored enlisted men in the United States and in Europe, total respiratory group of diseases, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XII. Case fatality rates, total respiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men in the United States and in Europe, by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XIII. Case fatality rates, total respiratory group of diseases, for colored enlisted men in the United States and in Europe, by months, July, 1917, to December, 1919

XIV. Incidence of influenza and influenzal pneumonia, by weeks, for certain camps in the United States, June 17 to December 29, 1918. Annual admission rates per 1,000 strength

XV. Percentage of total deaths from influenzal pneumonia during the war period occurring in each of the specified groups of length of service

XVI. The relative mortality rates per 1,000 strength from influenzal pneumonia during the war period in each of the specified groups of length of service

XVII. The relative admission rates for the respiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men by State of birth

XVIII. The relative death rates from the respiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men by State of birth

XIX. Case fatality rates (per cent) of the respiratory group of diseases for white enlisted men, by State of birth

XX. Relative admission and death rates and case fatalities for the respiratory group of diseases in the various groups of States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXI. Relative death rates from the respiratory group of diseases by groups of States for the war period with the figures given by Vaughan and Palmer for the early months of the mobilization

XXII. Comparison of effects of the fall epidemic of influenza on camps of different size in the United States

XXIII. A comparison of the variations in the annual admission rates for the total respiratory diseases, the case fatality of measles, and the percentage of measles cases developing pneumonia, white enlisted men in 36 large camps in the United States, October, 1917, to March, 1919

XXIV. The relation between the total respiratory diseases and the pneumonias, annual rates per 1,000 for the 24 large camps in the United States which showed a definite peak for these diseases in the 1918 spring epidemic.

XXV. Tuberculosis, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XXVI. Admissions and deaths for cerebrospinal meningitis, United States Army, 1900 to 1920. Ratios per 1,000 strength

XXVII. Cerebrospinal meningitis, comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXVIII. Cerebrospinal meningitis and mobilization. Admissions and number of enlisted men mobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXIX. Cerebrospinal meningitis, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXX. Diphtheria. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXI. Diphtheria, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXII. Diphtheria, by native States, white enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XXXIII. Venereal diseases (all) and mobilization. Admissions and number of men mobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXIV. Venereal diseases (all) and enlisted strength, white and colored troops, United States and Europe, comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919 

XXXV. Venereal diseases (all) and enlisted strength, actual for white troops but both raised for colored troops, United States and Europe. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XXXVI. The diarrheal group of diseases. Annual admission rates by months for dysentery (all), diarrhea, and enterocolitis, white enlisted men in the United States

XXXVII. The diarrheal group of diseases. Admissions and deaths in the United States Army, 1819 to 1919. Annual rates per thousand

XXXVIII. Dysentery, incidence by etiologic types by months, annual rates per 1,000, white enlisted men, United States Army, in the United States

XXXIX. Dysentery. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XL. Dysentery. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe, admissions and deaths by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XLI. Smallpox, white enlisted men, United States Army, admissions and deaths, 1840-1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLII. Smallpox in the United States Army and civil population, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Occurrence by groups of States. Ratios per 1,000 population

XLIII. Scarlet fever. By States of occurrence, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLIV. Measles. White enlisted men, United States Army, admissions and deaths, 1840-1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLV. Measles. Civil, Spanish American, and Philippine Insurrection, and World Wars, white and colored enlisted men, United States Army, by months. Ratios per 1,000

XLVI. Measles and mobilization. Admissions and number of enlisted men mobilized, United States. Comparative trend by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

XLVII. Measles, by camps. Admissions, white enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLVIII. Measles, by native States, white enlisted men, United States and Europe, United States Army, April, 1917, to December, 1919. Ratios per 1,000

XLIX. Measles. Comparative rates, white and colored enlisted men, United States, April, 1917, to December, 1919

L. Measles. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe. Admissions and deaths by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

LI. German measles. Comparative trend, enlisted men, United States Army, United States and Europe. Admissions by months, April, 1917, to December, 1919

LII. Scabies. White and colored enlisted men, United States, by months. Rate per 1,000

LIII. Scabies. White and colored enlisted men in Europe, by months. Rate per 1,000