COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES,a AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
UNIVERSITY, BEAUNE, COTE D’OR, FRANCE
The American Expeditionary Forces University, of
which the College of Medical Sciences was a
department, was organized and operated under the control of the fifth
section of the general staff,
general headquarters, which section controlled all educational work in
Expeditionary Forces. 1 The general plan of the university
was formed in January, 1919, by the
general staff officer in charge of educational subsection, G-5, and the
commission of the Young Men’s Christian Association. On February 8,
1919, Beaune was
definitely selected as the site of the university, and work was
immediately begun to organize the
faculty and courses, and to plan for equipment. In February authority
was issued for the
establishment of the American Expeditionary Forces University,
including, in the following
words, the medical and other technical departments: 2
4. Since the above university opportunities
are of graduate character and are therefore available
only to selected men of high educational qualifications, an American
educational center will be established to provide college and technical
training beyond that
offered at division educational centers. Students will enroll for a
period of three months.
Detailed instructions for the assignment of members of the American
Expeditionary Forces to
this educational center will be issued from these headquarters.
The College of Medical Sciences included departments
of medicine, dentistry, veterinary
medicine, and pharmacy, each having a director and a corps of
The requirements for admission were the same as
those of class A schools of corresponding
character in the United States. The undergraduate courses were designed
to aid the student in
preparing to return to his respective school for completion of his
course under the most favorable
circumstances and within the shortest possible time. To this end a
schedule for a complete four-year course was drawn up for each of the
professional departments (medicine, dentistry, and
veterinary medicine). Students who preferred to do intensive work for
three months in one or
two subjects, instead of securing the advantage of the three months’
training in all the courses
offered in the curriculum for the year to which they were eligible,
were given such opportunity.
Post-graduate courses were arranged for men having
the degree of doctor of medicine, which
were taken in French universities at Lyon, Paris, Marseille, and
Bordeaux. A course in laboratory
methods and technique for postgraduate work were given at the central
laboratory at Dijon.
a Unless otherwise indicated the statements of fact
made herein arc based on: History of the
College of Medical Sciences, A. E. F. University, Beaune (Cote D’Or),
France. Copy on file,
Historical Division, S. G. O.
The facilities of the school of medical sciences
included Camp Hospital No. 107, formerly Base
Hospital No. 77, and Camp Hospital No. 108, formerly Base Hospital No.
97; a department of
sanitation, including fifteen regimental infirmaries; and a venereal
The College of Medical Sciences, together with all
the other departments of the university, was
closed on June 7, 1919, and all records were turned over to the
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE
The faculty of this department consisted of the
director and 17 commissioned assistants, two of
the latter being Sanitary Corps officers, one Infantry, and one Signal
Corps. The following is an
outline of the course:
OUTLINE OF COURSE
The course in anatomy will
include gross anatomy, histology, and embryology. The work in
gross anatomy will comprise three hours of didactic work per week for
the first-year students.
The course will be available for first-year dental students also.
The course in histology will be divided into
one hour of didactic instruction and five hours of
laboratory work per week. This course will be given to first-year
medical, dental, pharmacy, and
The embryology work will include one hour of
lecture and two hours of laboratory work per
week. A study of human embryo and its envelopes will be taken up. Work
on the early stages
will be based on the chick.
There will be six hours per week, two hours
of lecture and four hours of laboratory work.
The course in pathology will consist of two
lecture hours and four hours of laboratory work per
ORGANIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
This course will consist of didactic instruction and four hours of
laboratory work per week.
The course in physiology will include two hours of didatic instruction
and three hours of
laboratory work. The work will be given to first-year medical, dental,
and pharmacy students.
DEPARTMENT OF DENTISTRY
The dental department was organized coincidentally with the department
of medicine, and the
faculty consisted of the director and 10 commissioned dental officers
who, besides instructing
the students, were operators in the dental infirmary conducted for the
benefit of all the officers
and enlisted men at this post. The extent of their work may be realized
from the figures that
show that from March 10 to March 31, the total number of patients
treated was 867 and the
number of sittings totaled 1,420.
The following outline shows the subjects covered and the relationship
with other departments:
DENTISTRY - OUTLINE OF COURSES
Predental course. - Inorganic chemistry, qualitative analysis,
zoology (given in connection with
courses in College of Science).
Course of first-year dental students. - Anatomy, physiology, embryology, bacteriology,
histology, physiologic chemistry, organic chemistry (given in
connection with courses in first-year medicine in College of Medicine).
Course for dental students. - Dental materia
medica and therapeutics, operative technique,
prosthetic technique, operative lectures and clinical demonstrations,
prosthetic lectures and
clinical demonstrations, radiography lectures and clinical
demonstrations, oral surgery lectures
and clinical demonstrations, local anesthesia lectures and clinical
demonstrations (given at dental
section of the College of Medicine).
Selective courses suitable for graduates in dentistry were arranged in
the subjects stated above,
instruction being given by lectures and demonstrations.
DEPARTMENT OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
The veterinary department was first organized on a four-year basis, but
after considering the lack
of opportunity to give clinical instruction and advanced work, it was
decided to give only first-year work, and to transfer all students of
the second, third, and fourth years and postgraduate
students to some foreign institution. The faculty consisted of the
director and five commissioned
veterinary officers. An outline of the course follows:
DEPARTMENT - OUTLINE OF COURSE
Veterinary Physiology. - Physiologywill be taught by
means of lectures and recitations. The
normal functions of the different systems (circulatory, respiratory,
etc.), will be presented with
due regard to a complete knowledge of the subjects covered. It is
anticipated that the knowledge
of the course will comply with the standards of veterinary colleges in
the United States.
Anatomy (veterinary). - Anatomywill be
taught by lectures and practical work in a laboratory,
the course consisting of five hours, one hour lecture period and two
laboratory periods of two
hours each week. The 12 weeks’ course has been divided in osteology,
covering a period of 5
weeks; arthrology, covering 1 week; and myology, covering 6 weeks.
Pharmacology. - Pharmacologywill be taught by a course of
lectures consisting of one lecture,
one hour a week, for a period of 12 weeks. The course of lectures will
cover the following
outline: Definition, textbook, nomenclature; pharmaceutical arithmetic;
operations; official preparations.
Preliminary medicine. - Preliminary medicine will consist in a
course of lectures of one hour per
week for 12 weeks. The course of lectures will cover the following
principles of diagnosis, 6 hours; language of medicine, 6 hours.
DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY
The faculty of the department consisted of 7 commissioned officers, 4
of whom were of the
Medical Corps; 2, Infantry; and 1, Sanitary Corps. The requirements for
entrance were four
years’ high school or preparatory work. As given it covered only
first-year subjects and included
inorganic chemistry, physiology, bacteriology, histology,
materia-medica, and pharmacy.
Advanced students and those desiring to do postgraduate work were sent
to French universities
to pursue their studies.
No. 91, headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces University, Part I,
The Catalogue. Beaune,
Cote D’Or, France, May 16, 1919. Published by order of Colonel Reeves, president.
On file, Historical Section, General Staff, G-5, Records, 1440-5
G. O. No. 30, G. H. Q., A. E. F., February 13, 1919, par. 4.