U.S. Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History
Skip Navigation, go to content

HISTORY OF THE OFFICE OF MEDICAL HISTORY

AMEDD BIOGRAPHIES

AMEDD CORPS HISTORY

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES

MEDICAL MEMOIRS

AMEDD MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS External Link, Opens in New Window

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORIES

THE SURGEONS GENERAL

ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE SURGEON GENERAL

AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE

THE AMEDD HISTORIAN NEWSLETTER

The Veterinary Service of the Interior

Special Regulations NO. 70, Regulations Governing the Army Veterinary Service

SECTION  II

THE VETERINARY SERVICE OF THE INTERIOR

Organization ..................................................................................Paragraph 10

Director of the Veterinary Corps .....................................................Paragraph 11-12

Senior veterinary officers ................................................................Paragraph 13

Division veterinarians ......................................................................Paragraph 14-22

Veterinary officers attached to mobile organizations ...........................Paragraph 23-30

Mobile veterinary sections ...............................................................Paragraph 31-37

Meat and dairy inspectors ................................................................Paragraph 38-41

Remount service ..............................................................................Paragraph 42-69

Ports of embarkation .......................................................................Paragraph  70-87

ORGANIZATION

10. The veterinary service of the interior is administered by the director of the Veterinary Corps under the direction of the Surgeon General. It consists of the supervision of all matters pertaining to the health and efficiency of the animals of the Army at posts and camps, veterinary matters connected with the remount service and the embarkation and over-seas transport of animals, the direction of the veterinary personnel, and the collection and distribution of veterinary supplies.

DIRECTOR OF THE VETERINARY CORPS.

11. The director of the Veterinary Corps is the representative of the Surgeon General in the administration of the veterinary service of the Army in the theater of operations as well as in the Interior.

12. He will nominate to the Surgeon General veterinary officers for the administrative positions in the Veterinary Corps and will detail officers, noncommissioned officers, and men for duty under these administrative officers, to detached organizations and to the remount service, embarkation depots, and overseas transports, He will also select officers for special appointments,


10

SENIOR VETERINARY OFFICERS

13. The senior veterinary officer with any detached organization will conform to the regulations for division veterinarians, so far as they apply, and will, unless holding a purely administrative appointment or specially exempted, perform the regular duties of his position in addition.

DIVISION VETERINARIANS

14. The division veterinarian is attached to the headquarters of the division and is responsible to the division commander and to the Surgeon General for the administration of the veterinary service of the division. His duties are of an advisory and administrative character. In his advisory capacity he will keep the division commander informed concerning the health and efficiency of the animals in the division and will make recommendations regarding hygienic and sanitary matters affecting them. In his administrative capacity he will have charge, under the division commander, of the veterinary personnel, veterinary equipment, etc., of the division. He will recommend the detail of veterinary personnel to render veterinary service to organizations to which veterinary personnel is not attached.

15. He will see that the veterinary personnel perform the duties required of them. It is necessary that these duties be performed in exactly the manner described below, in order that the veterinary personnel may receive training while in cantonments which will prepare them for duty in the theater of operations. If a sufficient number of cases do not develop to furnish the necessary number of animals for training purposes, animals in normal condition will be obtained from organizations for temporary use as simulated patients.

16. The division veterinarian will be held responsible for the proper instruction of the veterinary personnel in regard to their military duties and responsibilities. Where a school for the instruction of veterinary officers is in operation, he will require veterinary officers to attend it, and in the absence of such a school he will make such arrangements as are possible for such instruction.

17. He will make a report to the Surgeon General on the efficiency and adaptability of each member of the veterinary personnel under his direction within one month after they report


11

for duty. He will make such a report for those on duty at the time of the receipt of these regulations as soon as possible.

18. He will visit the various horse lines in his division daily and make an inspection of the veterinary service. He will make frequent inspections of the animals of each organization, the sanitary conditions of the picket lines or stables, the condition of the forage, the methods of feeding and watering, and any other condition which may affect the health or efficiency of the animals. The mobile veterinary section will also be inspected at frequent intervals. This inspection will include the condition of the animals present, the sanitary condition of the premises, the veterinary supplies, the condition of the forage, the methods of feeding, watering, and cleaning the animals, and the methods and efficiency of the veterinary personnel.

19. He will make up a report every Saturday of the number of animals in the division fit for duty at noon on the previous day, the number incapacitated and the cause of the same, the sanitary conditions surrounding the animals, the condition of the forage and the method of storing the same, together with a statement of the inspections made by the division meat and dairy inspector. He will also include a transcript of the report received from the veterinary officer in charge of the mobile veterinary section for the same week. If any unusual conditions exist, these will be reported in detail. The report will be made in triplicate, one copy being sent to the division commander, one to the Surgeon General of the Army, and one retained.

20.  Upon receiving a report of the existence of a serious communicable disease among the animals in any of the organizations of the division, the division veterinarian will immediately make an investigation and see that the necessary action is taken to control and prevent the spread of the infection, He will also make a report of the condition to the division commander and to the Surgeon General of the Army. During the continuance of the disease he will make a special report weekly to the division commander and the Surgeon General.

21. He will communicate direct with the senior veterinarian of all other formations or posts in his immediate vicinity, informing them of the outbreak.

22. He will receive requisitions for veterinary supplies from the veterinary officers under his supervision. These requisitions will be made out in triplicate on Form No. 35, Med. Dept. He


12

will, after examining them and making any changes he may consider proper, send two copies to the officer in charge of the issuing medical supply depot and forward the other copy to the Surgeon General.

VETERINARY OFFICERS ATTACHED TO MOBILE ORGANIZATIONS

28. Veterinary officers attached to mobile organizations will bear the same relation to the division veterinarian as now exists under the regulations and customs of the service between medical officers so assigned and the division surgeon.

24. Where more than one veterinary officer is attached to a mobile organization, the custom of the service will govern and the junior will be subject to the orders of the senior. All reports required will be made by the senior officer, or by the junior officer under the direction of the senior.

25.  A veterinary officer attached to a mobile organization will inspect daily the animals of his organization for symptoms of communicable or other diseases, injuries, evidences of error in feeding or watering or in stable management, and for faulty shoeing, and make a report of the number of animals fit for duty, the number incapacitated, the conditions affecting the latter, and whether they are being treated in the organization or have been removed by the mobile veterinary section. Any condition or practice observed which is likely to affect the health or efficiency of the animals will be stated in detail. This report will be made in triplicate, one copy presented to the commanding officer of the organization, one copy forwarded to the division veterinarian, and one retained. If any animal is found to be affected with a communicable disease of a serious nature, or exhibiting symptoms suspicious of the same, it will be isolated at once, and a report of the condition be made immediately to the commanding officer of the organization and to the division veterinarian, the latter being notified by telephone or by special orderly.

26. He will prescribe or apply treatment to those animals affected with minor ailments which are likely to respond quickly to treatment and which do not interfere with the mobility of the animal. All other sick on injured animals will be reported to the commander of the organization for transfer to the mobile section for conveyance to a hospital. He will see that a tag showing the number of the animal and its organization is se≠


13

curely attached to all such cases. A descriptive statement giving the number of the animal and Its organization, its color, age, and sex, and the condition affecting it will be sent with all animals transferred to the mobIle veterinary section. This statement will be signed by the veterinary officer. Animals suffering severely from an incurable condition shall be destroyed (A. R., 1073, C. A. R. No. 58, July 6, 1917).

27. He will examine the condition of the forage and the method of storing the same as often as may be necessary and report any objectionable conditions to the commanding officer of the organization and to the division veterinarian.

28. When animals are shipped directly from the place of purchase to organizations in a cantonment or post, the veterinary officer will recommend to each commanding officer concerned that the animals be held in quarantine for a suitable period. The mallein test will be applied as soon as the animals are in a suitable condition, unless they have been previously tested in a manner satisfactory to the division veterinarian. During the quarantine period the veterinary officer will closely observe the animals for symptoms of influenza or other communicable disease. Affected animals shall be isolated in the organization if suitable arrangements can be made; if not, they will be removed to the hospital or other suitable place. When such animals are received in an organization the veterinary officer will made a report immediately to the division veterinarian, giving the date and place from which they were shipped, the date of their arrival, their condition on arrival, and the disposition made of them.

29. Captured horses and mules will be examined for symptoms of communicable disease and tested for glanders before being placed with the animals of the Army.

30. Requisitions for veterinary supplies will be made in triplicate on Form No. 35, Med. Dept., and presented to the division veterinarian.

MOBILE VETERINARY SECTIONS

31. Mobile veterinary sections are field units, one being allotted to each division and to each brigade of Cavalry, Subject to the orders of the division commander, their movements are controlled by the division veterinarian.

32. Their function is to take charge of sick and injured animals sent to them from the mobile organization of the divi-


14

sion and convey them to a hospital. In the theater of operations, when the division is in the zone of combat, the mobile veterinary section will be used only as a dressing station, where animals will be given such treatment as they may require to prepare them for removal to a base hospital; when the division is in camp, it may serve as a temporary hospital for the treatment of minor ailments, but in no case should so many animals be treated as to interfere with the mobile character of the unit and the performance of its proper functionóan evacuating unit. In cantonments, the serious cases will be sent to the veterinary hospital. Arrangements in regard to these matters will be made by the division veterinarian. While in the cantonment the personnel of the mobile veterinary section will be exercised in the practice of bringing animals from the mobile organizations to the mobile veterinary section, taking animals to base hospitals, taking down and erecting shelter, establishing picket lines, etc. For this purpose, it will accompany troops on practice marches and use normal animals obtained temporarily from organizations of the division as simulated patients.

33. The veterinary officer in charge of the mobile veterinary section will bear the same relation to the division veterinarian as now exists under the regulations and the customs of the service between medical officers so assigned and the division surgeon. He will issue a receipt to the responsible officer for all animals received from mobile organizations and will be responsible for the care and treatment of such animals until they are returned to the organization or evacuated to a base veterinary hospital. On delivering them to a base veterinary hospital, he will take a receipt from the veterinary officer in charge; upon returning an animal to its organization he will take a receipt from the responsible officer.

34. He will closely observe all animals under his care for symptoms of communicable disease, and upon the discovery of any animal so affected he will immediately isolate the same and report any serious condition to the division veterinarian, notifying him by telephone or by special orderly.

35. He will make a report to the division veterinarian every Friday of the number of animals in his charge at noon of that day, the number received during the week and the number returned to organizations or evacuated to hospital. In each case the organizations from which the animals were received will be stated, and the report will also include the diseases or conditions affecting the animals.


15

36. Requisition for forage for animals In his charge will be made upon the camp quartermaster, such requisitions indicating the organizations to which the animals belong for which forage is required.

37. Requisitions for veterinary supplies will be made in triplicate on Form No. 35, Med. Dept., and presented to the division veterinarian.

MEAT AND DAIRY INSPECTORS

38. The veterinary officer acting as meat and dairy inspector will inspect as often as may appear necessary the cows and the dairy farms from which the supply of milk (other than condensed or canned) is received.

39. He will make an inspection of carcasses of dressed meats delivered by contractors and will make an ante and post mortem inspection of any animals which may be slaughtered for food.

40. Any undesirable conditions found by him will be reported promptly to the commanding officer of the organization and to the division veterinarian. He will also make a report to the division veterinarian every Friday of the number and character of the inspections and examinations made by him up to noon of that day.

41. He will also perform any other professional duties to which he may be detailed by proper authority.

REMOUNT SERVICE

42. The senior veterinary officer will be in charge of the veterinary officers detailed to auxiliary remount depots. He will arrange the work of the veterinary service in the auxiliary remount depot, and will assign each veterinary officer to his particular duty.

43. He will arrange for the daily inspection of the animals in the corrals in order that sick or injured animals will be removed to the hospital or otherwise properly disposed of.

44. He will see that sick or injured animals receive proper care and attention, and that they are returned to the remount depot when they recover.

45.  He will issue a receipt to the officer in charge at the remount depot for all animals so removed, and will take a receipt from him when they are returned.

46. He will make requisition for veterinary supplies in triplicate on Form No. 35, Med. Dept., and present two copies to the issuing medical supply depot and forward a third copy to the Surgeon General,


16

47. He will see that his subordinates exercise due care and economy in the expenditure of medical supplies.

48. He will see that proper treatment is administered to all animals in his charge, and that they are otherwise properly cared for.

49. He will see that the sick lines are kept in a sanitary condition. He will make a sanitary inspection of the remount depot and of the forage and the storage of the same daily, and will make a report of any undesirable conditions observed to the officer in charge of the remount depot.

50. He will be responsible for the veterinary supplies and equipment.

51. He will arrange with the officer in charge of the remount depot for the proper disposition of animal carcasses. Animals in severe pain from an incurable condition and those found to be affected with glanders will be immediately destroyed. Other sick or injured animals which are not likely to again become serviceable will be disposed of according to Army Regulations. (A. B. 1073, C. A. R., No. 58, July 6, 1917.)

52. The senior veterinary officer will advise the officer in charge of the remount depot in regard to the prevention of disease among the animals at the depot, and especially in regard to the control of infectious diseases.

53. Immediately after taking charge of the veterinary service in an auxiliary remount depot, the senior veterinary officer will report to the Surgeon General of the Army, through military channels, on the arrangements adopted for the prevention and control of disease among the animals, and he will immediately give notice, through the same channels, of any change in the arrangements. He will also report in the same manner, on taking station, on the construction, adaptability, and adequacy of the equipment provided for veterinary work. Veterinary officers who have already taken station will make these reports immediately upon the receipt of these regulations.

54. As soon as practicable after their arrival all animals will receive the mallein test for glanders, unless they have been satisfactorily tested before shipment. Those giving a positive reaction will be destroyed. When the result of the test is indefinite or suspicious, the animal will be isolated, the test will be repeated, and a sample of blood drawn and forwarded to the nearest laboratory where provision has been made for making the complement-fixation and agglutination test for glanders. The complement-fixation test is to be applied to the blood from


17

horses and the agglutination test to the blood from mules. If either the mallein retest or the blood test is positive, the animal will be destroyed. A post-mortem examination and report will be made of all animals destroyed. All animals should be tested for glanders before they leave the remount depot. If, on the ground of military necessity, any animals are issued without being tested, a report will be made out in duplicate of the number and kind of animals and the designation and location of the organization to which they are sent. One copy of this report will be mailed to the division veterinarian of the division in which the organization is included, or to the regimental veterinarian if the organization is detached, and the other copy to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

55. The senior veterinarian will be held responsible for the proper performance of veterinary service in the auxiliary remount depot. He will be responsible for the proper instruction of the veterinary personnel in detail with regard to their professional and military duties and responsibilities.

56. He will see that a record is kept of all animals treated in the sick lines. This record will show the date of the receipt of the patient, a description of the same, its number, the organization to which it belongs, the history of the case, the condition existing, the diagnosis, the treatment prescribed, the condition of the animal, and the treatment prescribed each day it is in the hospital, the termination of the case, the date, and the disposition of the animal. If a descriptive card accompanies the animal, the history of the animal will be copied on the record, and when the case is terminated a notation of the date of the receipt and discharge of the animal and the condition for which it was treated will be made on the descriptive card, which will be returned to the organization from which the animal was received. Each case should be numbered consecutively.

57. He will make a report every Friday of the number of animals on the sick report at noon of that day, the conditions affecting them, the number admitted during the week, and the number of cases discharged or terminated since the previous report. The report will be forwarded to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

58. He will also make a report every Friday of the number of animals in the auxiliary remount depot at noon of that day; the number sick or injured; the number received, issued, and


18

removed to hospital during the week; the number held in quarantine corrals; and the number tested for glanders during the week. This report will be forwarded to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

59. He will report the arrival of each shipment of animals received at the remount depot, giving the date of arrival; the point of origin; date of shipment; points at which unloaded for feed, water, and rest; their condition on arrival at destination; if tested for glanders, and if so, by whom. This report will be forwarded to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

60. Other veterinary officers detailed to duty in auxiliary remount depots will be under the immediate direction of the senior veterinary officer.

61. The senior veterinary officer at the headquarters of a remount zone will serve in an advisory and administrative capacity. He will advise the officer in charge of the remount zone in regard to the sanitary and hygienic matters which are involved in the purchase and transportation of animals. In his administrative capacity he will be in charge, under the officer in charge, of the other veterinary officers detailed for duty with horse and mule purchasing boards.

62. He will assign veterinary officers to duty on purchasing boards when requested by the officer in charge.

63. He will instruct veterinary officers regarding their duties as members of purchasing boards and concerning their relations with other officers.

64. He will from time to time visit places where inspections are in progress and observe the sanitary conditions and the work of the veterinary officers.

65. He will report insanitary conditions to the officer in charge and make recommendations with regard to the correction of the same. This report will be made in duplicate, one copy going to the officer in charge and the other to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

66. He will make a report to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office, on the efficiency and adaptability of veterinary officers detailed to his headquarters within one month after they report for duty.

67. The other veterinary officers in the detail will be governed by the orders of the senior veterinary officer with regard to professional duties and by the orders of the officer in charge with regard to other matters,


19

68. They will forward a report, through the senior veterinary officer, to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office of each lot of animals inspected, giving the date and place of inspection, the number passed and the number rejected, the cause of the rejections the results of the mallein test, the destination of the animals, and the route of shipment.

69. They will also make a special report of any undesirable sanitary condition to which the animals may have been exposed either before, during, or after inspection. This report will be made in duplicate, one copy being presented to the officer in charge and the other to the senior veterinary officer. The latter will forward his copy, accompanied by any comments which he may desire to make, to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office.

PORTS OF EMBARKATION

70. The veterinary officers detailed to a port of embarkation will bear the same relation to the senior veterinary officer as now exists under the regulations and customs of the service between medical officers so assigned and the senior medical officer.

71. Under the orders of the commander of the port of embarkation the senior veterinary officer will have charge of the veterinary personnel in the embarkation depot, in the hospital provided for the same, and on animal transports. His duties and responsibilities in connection with the embarkation depot and the hospital provided for the same are similar to those prescribed for the senior veterinary officer at auxiliary remount depots.

72. In addition, he will attend to the examination of ships furnished for the transportation of animals and report to the commander of the port whether they are properly fitted out.

73. He will make, or cause the transport veterinarian to make, an examination of each animal to be embarked. Only healthy animals will be shipped.

74. He will assign veterinary officers as transport veterinarians at the request of the commander of the port, but no veterinary officer stationed in an embarkation depot, or the hospital provided for the same, shall be assigned to transport service without special authority.

75. He will see that each transport is provided with the necessary veterinary supplies.


20

76. He will make requisition in quadruplicate on Form No. 35, Med. Dept., for veterinary supplies for the embarkation depot, hospital and transport service, forwarding three copies to the Surgeon General and retaining one for record.

77. He will make reports to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office, regarding the embarkation depot and the hospital serving the same similar to those required of the senior veterinary officer at auxiliary remount depots.

78. He will also make a report to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís office, of each shipment of animals from his port, stating the number of animals presented for shipment, the number rejected and the cause, together with the name of the transport veterinarian.

79. The transport veterinarian will have charge of the sanitation of that part of the ship occupied by the animals and will exercise hygienic supervision over the feeding, watering, stabling, and grooming of the animals.

80. He will take charge of all sick or injured animals and recommend their removal to such places as he may consider advisable.

81. He will make a daily inspection of the animals, the methods of caring for them, and the sanitary conditions, keeping a record of the same to be included in his report at the end of the voyage.

82. He will closely observe the animals for symptoms of communicable disease, especially glanders. Any case or suspected case of this disease will be immediately destroyed and the stall and fittings thoroughly disinfected. Cases of septic pneumonia will be dealt with in the same manner.

83. He will make recommendations regarding necessary sanitary and hygienic measures to the officer in charge.

84. He will endeavor to obtain the cooperation of the ships' officers in utilizing every means of ventilation available.

85. When ships return empty for another cargo of horses or mules, advantage should be taken of the opportunity to thoroughly cleanse, disinfect, and whitewash the horse decks.

86. The transport veterinarian will request the officer in charge to furnish such men as he may need to assist him.

87. Upon returning to his home port he will make a report to the senior veterinary officer, through the commander of the port of embarkation, of the number of animals that have died or have been destroyed, the causes, the number landed in good


21

condition, and the number landed sick or injured, together with the nature of the disease or injuries. The report should also include a record of the daily inspections, the conditions found, and the recommendations made, and such other information as may be considered of importance. This report will be forwarded by the senior veterinary officer, through the commander of the port of embarkation, to the director of the Veterinary Corps, Surgeon Generalís Office.