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Glossary

Table of Contents

GLOSSARY

 

ACTH                        Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADI                            Acute diarrheal illness

AFEB                         Armed Forces Epidemiological Board

AID                            Agency for International Development

AMP                           Adenosine monophosphate

ANC                          Army Nurse Corps

Anti-HBcAb               Hepatitis B core antibody

Anti-HB.,Ab               Hepatitis B surface antibody

ARD                          Acute respiratory disease

ARI                           Acute renal insufficiency

ARVN                       Army, Republic of Vietnam

ATP                           Adenosine triphosphate

Average strength        Arithmetic mean (average) of daily morning report strengths, used in medical statistical reports for computing admission rates, mortality rates, and noneffective rates

BCOF                        British Commonwealth Occupation Forces

BFP                           Biologically false positivity; biologic false positive reaction

b.i.d.                          Twice daily

BSP                           Bromsulphalein

BTBST                      Bromothymol-blue, salt, "Teepol" (culture medium)

BUN                          Blood urea nitrogen

,C                            Complement, third component

CBI                           China-Burma-India theater (World War II)

CCU                         Coronary care unit

CDC                         Center(s) for Disease Control

CF                            Complement fixation

C5a                           Complement, fifth component, activated

C-4                            Plastic explosive

C'H50                         Complement, hemolytic component

CIDG                         Civilian Irregular Defense Group

CMV                          Cytomegalovirus

C1                               Complement, first component

CONUS                      Continental United States

C-P                             Chloroquine-primaquine (tablets)

CRD                           Common respiratory disease

C.S.F.                         Cerebrospinal fluid

C3                               Complement, third component

C3a                             Complement, third component, activated

CTZ                            Corps Tactical Zone

CWCP                        Civilian War Casualty Program

DC                              Dental Corps

DDT                           Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DFD                            Diformaminodiphenylsulfone

DHF                            Dengue hemorrhagic fever

DIC                             Disseminated intravascular coagulation

DNA                           Deoxyribonucleic acid

DSS                            Dengue shock syndrome

EBV                            Epstein-Barr virus

ECHO                         Enteric cytopathogenic human orphan (virus)

EEG                            Electroencephalogram

EMB                           Eosin-methylene blue (agar)

E.S.R                          Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

EV                              Live, attenuated strain of Yersinia pestis

FASCOM                   Field Army Support Command

FUO                            Fever of undetermined origin

G6PD                          Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

HA                              Hemagglutination

H antigen                    Flagellar antigen of Salmonella genus

HB,Ag                        Hepatitis B core antigen

HBsAg                        Hepatitis B surface antigen

HI                               Hemagglutination inhibition

HOPE                         Health Opportunity for People Everywhere

ID5O                           Median infective dose

IFA                             Indirect fluorescent antibody

IgA                             Immunoglobulin A

IgG                             Immunoglobulin G

Igm                             Immunoglobulin M

IH                               Indirect hemagglutination

I.U.                             International units

JBE                             Japanese B encephalitis

LGV                           Lymphogranuloma venereum

LIVIM                        Lethal intestinal virus infection of mice

MAAGV                    Military Assistance Advisory Group, Vietnam

MACV                        Military Assistance Command, Vietnam

MC                             Medical Corps

MEDCAP                   Medical Civic Action Program

MEDCON                  Operation Medical Consultant

MEDICO                    Medical International Cooperation Organization

MIC                            Minimal inhibitory concentration

MILPHAP                  Military Provincial Health Assistance Program

MOS                           Military occupational specialty

MSC                           Medical Service Corps

MUST                        Medical unit, self-contained, transportable

NAD                           Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide

NAGCV                     Nutrient agar, glycerol, crystal violet

NAMRU                     Naval Medical Research Unit

NCDC                        National Communicable Disease Center

NSU                            Nonspecific urethritis

NVA                           North Vietnamese Army

0 antigen                     Somatic antigen of Salmonella genus

OX-K                          0 or somatic antigen of X strain of the Proteus bacillus, Kingsbury type

OX-19                        0 or somatic antigen of X strain of the Proteus bacillus, type 19

OX-2                          0 or somatic antigen of X strain of the Proteus bacillus, type 2

PC02                           Partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PGU                            Postgonococcal urethritis

pH                               Hydrogen ion concentration

P.M.N.                        Polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocyte

p02                              Partial pressure of oxygen

PRNT                         Plaque red neutralization test

PT                               Prothrombin time

PTT                            Partial thromboplastin time

PVA                            Polyvinylalcohol

P value                        Statistical term expressing significance of data

q.d.                              Daily

q.i.d.                            Four times a day

q.o.d.                           Every other day

R&R                           Rest and recuperation

RBC                            Red blood cells; red blood count

RDX                           Cyclonite

R factor                       Resistance factor

Rh                               Rhesus factor

RNA                           Ribonucleic acid

RPR                            Rapid Plasma Reagin (test)

RS                               Respiratory syncytial (virus)

RVN                           Republic of Vietnam

RVNAF                      Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces

SAFA                         Soluble antigen fluorescent antibody

SEATO                       Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

SCOT                         Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (aspartate aminotransferase)

SGPT                          Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (alanine aminotransferase)

SPA                            South Pacific Area (World War II)

SWPA                        Southwest Pacific Area (World War II)

TB Med                      Technical Bulletin, Medical

TCBS                          Thiosulfate, citrate, bile salts, sucrose (agar)

TD                              Table of distribution

t.i.d.                            Three times a day

TOE                            Table of organization and equipment

TRIC                          Trachoma inclusion conjunctivitis

TSH                            Thyroid-stimulating hormone

"T" test                       Statistical test to determine significance

URI                             Upper respiratory infection

USAMCJU.S.             Army Medical Command, Japan

USAMRTV                U.S. Army Medical Research Team, Vietnam

USARJ                       U.S. Army, Japan

USARPAC                 U.S. Army, Pacific

USARV                      U.S. Army, Vietnam

USARYIS                  U.S. Army, Ryukyu Islands

USASGV                    U.S. Army Support Group, Vietnam

USATC                      United States of America Typhus Commission

USOM                        U.S. Operations Mission

USP                            U.S. Pharmacopeia

USPHS                       U.S. Public Health Service

V antigen                    Antigenic fraction of plague bacillus that inhibits phagocytosis

VC                              Veterinary Corps; Vietcong

VDRL                         Venereal Disease Research Laboratory

VH:CD                       Villus height to crypt depth ratio

Vi antigen                   Virulence antigen of Salmonella genus

VN                              Virus neutralization

W antigen                   Antigenic fraction of plague bacillus that inhibits phagocytosis

WBC                          White blood cells; white blood count

WFR                           Weil-Felix reaction

WHO                          World Health Organization

WRAIR                      Walter Reed Army Institute of Research