U.S. Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History
Skip Navigation, go to content

HISTORY OF THE OFFICE OF MEDICAL HISTORY

AMEDD BIOGRAPHIES

AMEDD CORPS HISTORY

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES

MEDICAL MEMOIRS

AMEDD MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS External Link, Opens in New Window

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORIES

THE SURGEONS GENERAL

ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE SURGEON GENERAL

AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE

THE AMEDD HISTORIAN NEWSLETTER

Bibliography

Table of Contents

BIBLIOGRAPHY

To cover as wide and as eventful a time period as that between the end of the Civil War and the beginning of U.S. participation in World War I, research in a large number of primary sources was necessary. Voluminous Army records are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Washington, D.C. As in the preceding volume, The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865, I have relied heavily on various entries of Record Group (RG) 112, the Records of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army), and have listed them below in the Archival Records section. Anyone intending to work extensively with RG 112 would be well advised to obtain a copy of the Preliminary Inventory. . . , which apparently is in very short supply. Some of the entries in RG 112 are easily used. Entry 27, for example, consisting of only eleven months worth of "semiofficial letters," is quickly perused. Entry 2 for the period 1818-1873 is also easy to use, since it consists of sturdy letterbooks, each with its own name and subject index. But research in other entries can be difficult. Outstanding in this category is Entry 12, Letters Received. The collection is arranged by a combined chronological-alphabetical system too complex to describe coherently; a partial name and subject index is marginally useful and a register of letters even less so. Nevertheless, Entry 12 is far too valuable to ignore. Surely the most surprising entry is Entry 245, Miscellaneous Records, Chief Clerk's Office, which contains a fascinating collection of odds and ends. RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917, has proved most helpful, particularly when the assistance of an archivist familiar with the collection was available. The researcher planning to rely on any of the collections at the National Archives should be warned, however, that some have been moved out to repositories scattered about the United States and can no longer be seen in the Washington, D.C., area.

Many of the collections in the bibliography that follows are self-explanatory. Those at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland, like those in the Manuscript Room at the Library of Congress, add detail with which the story revealed by the entries of RG 112 can be fleshed out.

I would like to emphasize the value of the apparently often-neglected National Union Catalog of Manuscripts in searching out other valuable collections. Many of these have inventories that make it possible to obtain microfilm or photocopies of useful documents without undergoing the expense in time and money of traveling about the country to view material that may prove, upon examination, to be of little use. Unfortunately, at the time this volume was written, the Gorgas Family Papers, held by the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, had not been completely cataloged. Thus this collection is of


418

limited use to those who cannot travel to Tuscaloosa. By contrast, the William R. Shafter Papers, invaluable for the researcher concerned with the Spanish-American War in Cuba, have been microfilmed and can easily be borrowed in that form from Stanford University in California.

Anyone interested in the development of military medicine as a specialty must inevitably consult the articles written by a multitude of medical officers contained in the journal published by the Association of Military Surgeons, the name of which has changed over time from Transactions of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States to Proceedings of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States to Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States to Military Surgeon to, finally, Military Medicine. Because many medical officers contributed to other professional journals, a search through them for the names of Army surgeons can also be worthwhile.

Obviously the published annual reports both of the Surgeon General and of the War Department were crucial in the writing of this volume. The researcher should not be discouraged by the multiple volumes characteristic of the War Department's reports during and immediately after the Spanish-American War, for they provide copious information on such topics as the government of the Philippines immediately after that conflict.

Although biographies of such Medical Department leaders as Walter Reed and Surgeon Generals Sternberg and Gorgas exist, they are, for the most part, very disappointing, lacking either footnotes and bibliographies and written in a spirit of hero worship.

The bibliography that follows is divided into six sections, each alphabetically arranged. Despite its length, it is not intended to be all inclusive. It includes only manuscripts and publications that were useful in the preparation of this specific volume. Footnotes citing works that are included in the bibliography do not repeat all the details given in the bibliographical entry, being limited to the full name of the author; the complete main title (no subtitle) of the book, or journal article, or dissertation or thesis; and the relevant page number(s). Dissertations or theses are identified as such to avoid any confusion with articles. Works not listed in the bibliography are cited in full at first mention in each chapter. Subsequent references in the same chapter are shortened. All abbreviations used in the footnotes are explained in the list of abbreviations.

Archival Records

Bethesda, Maryland. National Library of Medicine.

    Ms B280. "Résumé of the History of the Medical Department" [by John van R. Hoff].
    Ms B286. "Report on Sanitation in San Francisco After the Earthquake" [by U.S. Army, Pacific Division]. 4 vols.
    Ms C5. Surgeon General's Office. Correspondence, 1903-1907. 3 vols.
    Ms C12. "Lectures on Tuberculosis, 1910-1913" [Fort Bayard, N.Mex.].
    Ms C14. Jefferson R. Kean Papers.
    Ms C16. Albert E. Truby Papers. 1898-1953.


419

    Ms C48. Walter Reed and William C. Gorgas Papers. 1898-1902.
    Ms C66. Official Medical Bulletins Relating to the Health of the President.
    Ms C91. Charles R. Greenleaf Papers. 1890-1892.
    Ms C100. George Miller Sternberg Papers. 1861-1912.
    Ms C101. Louis M. Maus Papers.
    Ms C102. John van R. Hoff Papers.
    Ms C155. Stanhope Bayne-Jones, William C. Gorgas, Hans Zinsser Papers. 1870-1969.
    Ms C318. Richard Reynolds Papers.
    Ms C322. Harry L. Gilchrist Papers.
    Ms C371. Stanhope Bayne-Jones Papers. 1942-1947.
    Ms F117. "Case Records of the Cholera Epidemic of 1873." 2 vols.
    Ms fB68. "Regulations of Pharmacy, Republic of Cuba, 1909" [by Jefferson R. Kean].
    Ms fB127. Frank R. Keefer Papers. 1890-1938.
    United States. Army. 3d Reserve Hospital. "Manila Report: Supplementary Hospital, Manila, P.I."

Carlisle Barracks, Pa. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Military History Research Collection. Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion Veterans Research Project.

Haverford, Pa. Haverford College. Quaker Collection. Albert K. Smiley Papers.

Nashville, Tenn. Tennessee State Library and Archives. John W. Ross Papers.

Palo Alto, Calif. Stanford University. William R. Shafter Papers. 1862-1906. Microfilm (7 reels).

Tuscaloosa, Ala. University of Alabama. W. S. Hoole Special Collections. Gorgas Family Papers.

Washington, D.C. Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. William C. Gorgas Papers.

----.----.----. William McKinley Papers.

----.----.----. John McA. Schofield Papers.

Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration.

    Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

      Entry 681. Sanborn Commission. Papers Relating to the Sanborn Commission Investigation of the Fetterman Massacre.
      Microfilm 234. Letters Received by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1824-1881.

    Record Group 92, Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General.
    Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917.

      Entry 561. Personal Papers of Medical Officers.
      Entry 624. File F. Reports of Surgeons Accompanying Expeditions.
      Microfilm 1064. Commission Branch Files.


420

    Record Group 112, Records of the Office of the Surgeon General.

      Entry 2. Letters and Endorsements Sent. April 1818-October 1889.
      Entry 7. Letters and Endorsements Sent to Medical Officers ("Military Letters"). September 1862-September 1872.
      Entry 8. Letters Sent by the Assistant Surgeon General Relating to Personnel. 1869-1883.
      Entry 10. Registers of Letters Received. 1822-1889.
      Entry 12. Letters Received. 1818-1889.
      Entry13. Correspondence Relating to Army Medical Examining Boards. 1831-1898.
      Entry 15. Correspondence Relating to the Promotion, Discharge, and Rating of Personnel ("Confidential File"). 1871-1894.
      Entry 16. Correspondence Regarding the Organization of the Hospital Corps. February 1860-March 1888.
      Entry 17. Correspondence With Medical Officers Regarding Field Maneuvers. 1888-1890.
      Entry 18. Name and Subject Indexes to Parts (1889-1890) of Series 12 and 22.
      Entry 22. General Correspondence. 1890-1894.
      Entry 23. Name and Subject Index to Series 26. 1894-1917.
      Entry 26. General Correspondence. 1894-1917.
      Entry 27. Semiofficial Letters Sent by Surg. Gen. George H. Torney. January-November 1909.
      Entry 28. Correspondence Regarding the Automobile Ambulance. 1912-1917.
      Entry 34. Telegrams Sent and Received. 1868-1889.
      Entry 38. Inspection Reports of Medical Facilities at Army Posts. 1890-1894.
      Entry 40. Extracts of Inspection Reports Made by the Inspector General's Department Relating to Medical Facilities at Army Posts. 1891-1894.
      Entry 41. Sanitary Inspection Reports. 1892-1894.
      Entry 51. Reports Relating to Living Conditions at Army Posts in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and Alabama. 1868-1869.
      Entry 52. Reports of Epidemics, Rare Diseases, and Vaccinations. 1888-1917.
      Entry 53. Report of Capt. Louis La Garda [sic] Relating to the Medical Department Exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Ill. October 31, 1893.
      Entry 57. Excerpts of War Department Special Orders Relating to Medical Department Personnel. 1860-1875.
      Entry 63. Circulars and Circular Letters of the Surgeon General's Office. 1861-1885.
      Entry 66. Circulars of the Surgeon General's Office. July 1889-January 1905.


421

      Entry 77. Reports of Examinations of Candidates for Appointment as Regular Army Surgeons ("Merit Rolls"). 1860-1888.
      Entry 89. Military Service Cards of Medical Officers. 1860-1917.
      Entry 100. Register of Deaths of Regular Army Medical Officers. 1861-1896.
      Entry 103. Historical Files of the Army Nurse Corps. 1900-1947.
      Entry 147. Correspondence Relating to Spanish-American War Contract Nurses. 1898-1900.
      Entry 150. Correspondence Relating to the Service of Spanish-American War Contract Nurses. 1898-1939.
      Entry 223. Abstracts of Correspondence and Orders Relating to the Establishment and Organization of the Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs, Ark. 1882-1888.
      Entry 227. Letter Book of Surgeon Thomas F. Azpell. 1862-1876.
      Entry 229. Journal of Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee. 1898-1899.
      Entry 230. Correspondence of Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee. 1898-1936.
      Entry 231. Papers of Col. J. R. Kean and Col. W. J. Lyster. 1905-1916.
      Entry 232. Abstracts of U.S. Statutes and Army Regulations Relating to the Medical Department. 1790-1898.
      Entry 235. Decisions of Government Officials Relating to the Surgeon General's Office. 1866-1892.
      Entry 241. "Memorandum Book" Relating to the Hospital Corps. 1887-1905.
      Entry 242. Decisions and Opinions of the Judge Advocate General Relating to the Medical Department. 1904-1909.
      Entry 245. Miscellaneous Records of the Chief Clerk's Office. 1880-1917.
      Entry 336. Letters Received Relating to the Examination of a New Type of Ambulance. March-July 1891.

    Record Group 153, Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General.

      Microfilm NNM073-113(465). Proceedings of a Court of Inquiry Into the "Fetterman Massacre." 1866     

    Record Group 159, Records of the Office of the Inspector General.
    Record Group 165, Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs.

      Entry 5. Office of the Chief of Staff, Army, General Correspondence ("Reports"). 1907-1916.

    Record Group 185, Records of the Panama Canal [Commission].
    Record Group 287, Publications of the United States Government.
    Record Group 395, Records of the U.S. Army Overseas Operations and Commands, 1898-1942.

      Entry 219. Report of the Chief Surgeon, Second Army Corps, to the Surgeon General, U.S.A.

Washington, D.C. Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Papers From the Letterpress of Charles Franklin Craig.


422

Secondary Manuscripts

Bevoise, Ken de. "The Compromised Hosts: The Epidemiological Context of the Philippine-American War." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon, 1986.

Carey, Jr., Norman M. "The Mechanization of the United States Army, 1900-1916." M.A. thesis, University of Georgia, 1972.

Fairfull, Thomas McD. "General Nelson A. Miles and His Charges of Army Brutality in the Philippine Insurrection, 1902." M.A. thesis, Duke University, 1972.

Hansen, Gladys, and Quinn, Frank. "The San Francisco Numbers Game." Paper of the San Francisco Earthquake Research Project, San Francisco, Calif., 1986.

Latshaw, George W. "Military Medical Service During and Immediately After the Spanish-American War (1898-1901)." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1958.

Linn, Brian McA. "The War in Luzon: U.S. Army Regional Counterinsurgency in the Philippine War, 1900-1902." Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1985.

Pollard, William G. "Structure and Stress: Social Change Among the Fort Sill Apache and Their Ancestors, 1870-1960." M.A. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1965.

Primary Books

Addresses Delivered Before the Canadian Club of Toronto, Season of 1915-16. Edited by Literary Correspondent. Toronto: Warwick Bros. and Rutter, 1916.

American Medical Association. Petition of the American Medical Association to the Senate and House of Representatives in Behalf of the Medical Corps of the Army, With a Brief Statement of the Facts in the Case. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1874.

Ashford, Bailey K. A Soldier in Science: The Autobiography of Bailey K. Ashford. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1934.

Ashford, Bailey K., and Gutierrez Igaravidez, Pedro. Uncinariasis (Hookworm Disease) in Porto Rico: A Medical and Economic Problem. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911.

Baldwin, Alice B. An Army Wife on the Frontier: The Memoirs of Alice Blackwood Baldwin, 1867-1877. Edited by Robert Carriker and Eleanor R. Carriker. Salt Lake City: Tanner Trust Fund, 1975.

Barker, Lewellys F. Time and the Physician. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1942.


423

Barrows, David P. A Decade of American Government in the Philippines. Yonkers-on-Hudson, N.Y.: World Book Co., 1914.

Bartholow, Roberts. Medical Electricity: A Practical Treatise on the Applications of Electricity to Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea's Son and Co., 1881.

----. On the Antagonism Between Medicines and Between Remedies and Diseases. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1881.

----. A Practical Treatise on Materia Medica and Therapeutics. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1876.

[Baxter, Jedediah H.] The Medical Part of the Final Report Made to the Secretary of War by the Provost Marshal General. N.p., [1866].

Bigelow, John J. Reminiscences of the Santiago Campaign. New York: Harper and Bros., 1899.

Billings, John Shaw. "Biographical Memoir of Joseph Janvier Woodward." In Biographical Memoirs, vol. 2, pp. 297-307. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1886.

----. "Progress of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century." In Smithsonian Institution Report for 1900, pp. 637-44. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.

----. A Report on Barracks and Hospitals, With Descriptions of Military Posts. Circular No. 4, Surgeon General's Office. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1870.

----. A Report on the Hygiene of the United States Army, With Descriptions of Military Posts. Circular No. 8, Surgeon General's Office. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1875.

----. Selected Papers. Edited by Frank Brodway Rogers. N.p.: Medical Library Assoc., 1965.

Blount, James H. The American Occupation of the Philippines, 1898-1912. 1912. Reprint. Quezon City, P.I.: Malaya Books, 1968.

Borden, William C. The Use of the Rontgen Ray by the Medical Department of the United States Army in the War With Spain. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1909.

Bourke, John G. An Apache Campaign in the Sierra Madre. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1958.

----. On the Border With Crook. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1971.

Bratt, John. Trails of Yesterday. 1921. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980.

Brown, Harvey E. The Medical Department of the United States Army From 1775 to 1873. Washington, D.C: Surgeon General's Office, War Department, 1873.

Brown, John C. Diary of a Soldier in the Philippines. Portland, Maine: Privately printed, 1901.


424

Busey, Samuel C. Personal Reminiscences and Recollections of Forty-six Years' Membership in the Medical Society of the District of Columbia and Residence in This City, With Biographical Sketches of Many of the Deceased Members. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1895.

Byrne, Bernard J. A Frontier Army Surgeon. New York: Exposition Press, 1962.

Carrington, Frances. My Army Life and the Fort Phil Kearny Massacre. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1911.

Carrington, Margaret I. S. Ab-sa-ra-ka, Land of Massacre, Being the Experience of an Officer's Wife on the Plains. 1879. Reprint. Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus, 1975.

Carroll, John M., ed. General Custer and the Battle of the Little Big Horn: The Federal View. New Brunswick, N.J.: Garry Owen Press, 1976.

Carter, William G. H. The Life of Lieutenant General Chaffee. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917.

Chamberlain, Weston. Twenty-five Years of American Medical Activity in Panama, 1904-1929: A Triumph of Preventive Medicine. Mount Hope, C.Z.: Panama Canal Press, 1929.

Chamberlin, Frederick. The Philippine Problem, 1898-1913. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1913.

Corbusier, William. Verde to San Carlos: Recollections of a Famous Army Surgeon and His Observant Family on the Western Frontier, 1869-1886. Tucson, Ariz.: Dale Stuart King, 1968.

Craig, Charles F. The Parasitic Amoebae of Man. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1911.

Creel, Richard H. Outbreak and Suppression of Plague in Porto Rico. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1913.

Crook, George. Crook's Résumé of Operations Against Apache Indians, 1882 to 1886. Notes and Introduction by Barry C. Johnson. Rev. ed. London: Johnson-Taunton Military Press, 1971.

----. General George Crook: His Autobiography. Edited by Martin F. Schmitt. Rev. ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960.

Custer, Elizabeth B. "Boots and Saddles"; or, Life in Dakota With General Custer. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.

Custer, George A. My Life on the Plains. Edited by Milo Milton Quaife. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1966.

Dock, Lavinia; Pickett, Sarah E.; Noyes, Clara D.; Clement, Fannie F.; Fox, Elizabeth G; and Van Meter, Anna R. History of American Red Cross Nursing. New York: Macmillan Co., 1922.

Elguera, Alida McP. de. Footprints in the Sands of Time and Reminiscences. Lima: Peruvian Times, 1956.

Fauntleroy, Archibald M. Report on the Medico-military Aspects of the European War From Observations Taken Behind the Allied Armies in France. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1915.

Faust, Karl I. Campaigning in the Philippines. San Francisco: Hick-Judd Co., 1899.


425

Finerty, John F. War-path and Bivouac. Chicago: M. A. Donohue and Co., 1890.

Finlay, Carlos J. Sanitary Conditions in Cuba. N.p., n.d.

Fitzgerald, Emily. An Army Doctor's Wife on the Frontier: Letters From Alaska and the Far West, 1874-1878. Edited by Abe Laufe. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1962.

Flint, Austin. Clinical Medicine: A Systematic Treatise on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1879.

Forster, Edward J. A Manual for Medical Officers of the Militia of the United States. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1877.

Freeman, N. N. A Soldier in the Philippines. New York: F. Tennyson Neely Co., 1901.

Funston, Frederick. Memories of Two Wars: Cuban and Philippine Experiences. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1914. Microfilm 33391DS, Library of Congress.

Garrison, Fielding H. John Shaw Billings: A Memoir. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1915.

Girard, Alfred C. The Management of Camp Alger and Camp Meade. Reprint [from New York Medical Journal]. Camp Meade, Pa.: Chief Surgeon's Office, Headquarters, Second Army Corps, 1898.

Gorgas, Marie D., and Hendrick, Burton J. William Crawford Gorgas: His Life and Work. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1924.

Gorgas, William C. Sanitation in Panama. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1915.

Gradle, Henry. Bacteria and the Germ Theory of Disease. Chicago: W. T. Keener, 1883.

Greely, Adolphus W. Earthquake in California, April 18, 1906: Special Report of Maj. Gen. Adolphus W. Greely, U.S.A., Commanding the Pacific Division, on the Relief Operations, Conducted by the Military Authorities of the United States at San Francisco and Other Points, With Accompanying Documents. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1906.

Hamilton, Frank H. A Treatise on Military Surgery and Hygiene. New York: Balliere Bros., 1865.

Harbord, James G. The American Expeditionary Forces: Its Organization and Accomplishments. Evanston, Ill.: Evanston Publishing Co., 1929.

Heiser, Victor G. An American Doctor's Odyssey: Adventures in Forty-five Countries. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1936.

Hoff, John van R. Military Government of Porto Rico From October 18, 1898, to April 30, 1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.

Holmes, John A. The Raw Deal. N.p., n.d.

Huidekoper, Frederick C. The Military Unpreparedness of the United States. New York: Macmillan Co., 1916.

Ingersoll, L. D. A History of the War Department of the United States, With Biographical Sketches of the Secretaries. Washington, D.C.: Francis B. Mohun, 1880.


426

Kagan, Solomon R. Life and Letters of Fielding H. Garrison. Boston: Medico-Historical Press, 1938.

Keating, John McL. A History of Yellow Fever: The Yellow Fever Epidemic 1878 in Memphis, Tenn. Memphis, Tenn.: Howard Assoc., 1879.

Keeler, Charles. San Francisco Through Earthquake and Fire. San Francisco: Paul Elder and Co., 1906.

Keeley, Leslie E. The Morphine Eater; or, From Bondage to Freedom. Dwight, Ill.: C. L. Palmer and Co., 1881.

Keen, William W. The Surgical Operations on President Cleveland in 1893. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs and Co., 1917.

Kennan, George. Campaigning in Cuba. New York: Century Co., 1899.

Kimball, Maria B. A Soldier Doctor of Our Army. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1917.

King, Charles. Campaigning With Crook and Stories of Army Life. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1966.

Kober, George M. Reminiscences of George Martin Kober, M.D., LL.D. Washington, D.C.: Kober Foundation, Georgetown University, 1930.

Lane, Jack C., ed. Chasing Geronimo: The Journal of Leonard Wood, May-September, 1886. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1970.

Ledingham, Joseph A., and Arkwright, J. A. The Carrier Problem in Infectious Diseases. London: Edward Arnold, 1912.

LePrince, Joseph A.; Orenstein, A. J.; and Howard, L. O. Mosquito Control in Panama. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916.

Lodge, Henry Cabot, ed. Selections From the Correspondence of Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge, 1884-1918. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1925.

Lopez del Valle, Jose A. The Development of Sanitation and Charities in Cuba During the Last Sixteen Years. Havana: La Modern Poesia, 1914.

McDill, John R. Lessons From the Enemy: How Germany Cares for Her War Disabled. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1918.

Magoon, Charles E. Republic of Cuba: Report of Provisional Administration From December 1st, 1907, to December 1st, 1908. Havana: Rambla and Bouza, 1909.

Markey, Joseph I. From Iowa to the Philippines: A History of Company M, Fifty-first Iowa Infantry Volunteers. Red Oak, Iowa: Thomas D. Murphy Co., 1900.

Marshall, Edward. The Story of the Rough Riders. New York: G. W. Dillingham Co., 1899.

Martin, Franklin H. Major General William Crawford Gorgas, M.C., U.S.A. Chicago, Ill.: Gorgas Memorial Institute, [1924].

Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association. The Work of the Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association During the War With Spain, 1898. Compiled by Edward C. Mansfield. [Boston: Mudge, 1899?].

Miles, Nelson A. Serving the Republic. New York: Harper and Bros., 1911.

Miley, John D. In Cuba With Shafter. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1899.


427

Miller, Hugh G. The Isthmian Highway: A Review of the Problems of the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan Co., 1929.

Morrison, John F., and Munson, Edward L. A Study in Troop Leading and Management of the Sanitary Service in War Fort Leavenworth, Kans., 1910.

Munson, Edward L. The Prevention of Camp Diseases in Newly Raised Commands, Considered From the Administrative Standpoint. N.p., n.d. .

----. The Principles of Sanitary Tactics: A Handbook on the Use of Medical Department Detachments and Organizations in Campaign. Menasha, Wisc.: Banta Co. Press, 1911.

----. The Soldier's Foot and the Military Shoe: A Handbook for Officers and Noncommissioned Officers of the Line. Fort Leavenworth, Kans., 1912.

----. The Theory and Practice of Military Hygiene. New York: William Wood and Co., 1901.

Otis, George A. Drawings, Photographs and Lithographs Illustrating the Histories of Seven Survivors of the Operation of Amputation at the Hipjoint During the War of the Rebellion, Together With Abstracts of These Seven Successful Cases. Washington, D.C.: Surgeon General's Office, War Department, 1867.

----. Histories of Two Hundred and Ninety-six Surgical Photographs Prepared at the Army Medical Museum. Washington, D.C.: Surgeon General's Office, War Department, 1866-1871.

----. A Report of Surgical Cases Treated in the Army of the United States From 1865 to 1871. Circular No. 3, Surgeon General's Office. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1871.

----. A Report to the Surgeon General on the Transport of the Sick and Wounded by Pack Animals. Circular No. 9, Surgeon General's Office. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1877.

Parkes, Louis C. The Elements of Health: An Introduction to the Study of Hygiene. London: J. and A. Churchill, 1895.

Paulding, Holmes O. Surgeon's Diary With the Custer Relief Column. Edited by W. Boyes. Washington, D.C.: WJBM Assoc., 1974.

Post, Charles J. The Little War of Private Post. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1960.

Prinzing, Frederick. Epidemics Resulting From Wars. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1916.

Reed, Walter; Vaughan, Victor C.; and Shakespeare, E. O. Reports on the Origin and Spread of Typhoid Fever in U.S. Military Camps During the Spanish War of 1898. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904.

Reeves, Ira L. Military Education in the United States. N.p., 1914.

Reyburn, Robert. Fifty Years in the Practice of Medicine and Surgery, 1856 to 1906. N.p., 1907.

Robinson, George. The Hospital Ship in the War With Spain. N.p., 1908.

Root, Elihu. The Military and Colonial Policy of the United States. Edited by Robert Bacon. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1916.

Schofield, John M. Forty-six Years in the Army. New York: Century Co., 1897.


428

Senn, Nicholas. Medico-surgical Aspects of the Spanish American War. Chicago: American Medical Assoc. Press, 1900.

----. War Correspondence (Hispano-American War). Chicago: American Medical Assoc. Press, 1899.

Settle, Raymond W., and Settle, Mary Lund, eds. Overland Days to Montana in 1865: The Diary of Sarah Raymond and Journal of Dr. Ward Howard. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1971.

Sheridan, Philip H. Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General United States Army. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster and Co., 1888.

----. Record of Engagements With Hostile Indians Within the Military Division of the Missouri From 1868 to 1882. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1882.

Smart, Charles. Handbook for the Hospital Corps of the U.S. Army and State Military Forces. Rev. ed. New York: William Wood and Co., 1898.

Sternberg, George M. "Historical Résumé of the Investigations of Yellow Fever Leading up to the Findings of the Reed Board." In Proceedings of the Second Pan-American Scientific Congress, December 27, 1915 to January 8, 1916, pp. 645-52. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1917.

----. Immunity: Protection Inoculations in Infectious Diseases and Serum-Therapy. New York: William Wood and Co., 1895.

----. A Manual of Bacteriology. New York: William Wood and Co., 1892.

----. Report on the Etiology and Prevention of Yellow Fever. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1890.

----. "Transmission of Yellow Fever by Mosquitoes." In Smithsonian Institution Report for 1900, pp. 657-73. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.

Sternberg, Martha L. George Miller Sternberg: A Biography. Chicago: American Medical Assoc., 1920.

Straub, Paul F. Medical Service in the Campaign: A Handbook for Medical Officers in the Field. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son and Co., 1910.

Strong, Richard P. Stitt's Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of Tropical Diseases. 7th ed. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Blakiston Co., 1944.

Sutherland, Charles. "Organization of Hospital Corps." In Pan-American Medical Congress Transactions, vol. 1, pp. 387-89. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1893.

Sutton, R. Stansbury. A Story of Chickamauga. Reprint [from Journal of the American Medical Association]. Chicago: American Medical Assoc. Press, 1898.

Taft, William H., and Roosevelt, Theodore. The Philippines. New York: Outlook Co., 1902.

Thian, Raphael P., comp. Legislative History of the General Staff of the Army of the United States (Its Organization, Duties, Pay, and Allowances) From 1775 to 1901. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.


429

Thorndike, Rachel S., ed. The Sherman Letters: Correspondence Between General and Senator Sherman From 1837 to 1891. New York: Da Capo Press, 1894.

Truby, Albert E. Memoir of Walter Reed. New York: Paul D. Harber, 1943.

United States. Army Medical School. Immunization to Typhoid Fever: Results Obtained in the Prevention of Typhoid Fever in the United States Army, United States Navy, and Civilian Conservation Corps by the Use of Vaccines (Influence of Antigenic Structure and Other Biological Characters of E. Typhosa on the Production of Protective Antibodies in the Blood of Immunized Individuals [and] Increases in Protective Antibodies in the Blood Following the Use of a Single Small Dose of Vaccine for Reimmunization Purposes as Compared With the Use of Three Doses). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1941.

United States. Bureau of the Census. Census of the Philippine Islands, Taken Under the Direction of the Philippine Commission in the Year 1903. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census, 1905.

United States. Congress. Senate. Charges of Cruelty, Etc., to the Natives of the Philippines. 57th Congress, 1st Session, 1901. Senate Document 205.

----. ----. ----. Report of the (Dodge) Commission To Investigate the Conduct of the War Department in the War With Spain. 8 vols. 56th Congress, 1st Session, 1900. Senate Document 221. Library of Congress Microfilm 82/5365.

----. ----. ----. Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain. 55th Congress, 3d Session, 1899. Senate Document 62.

----. ----. ----. 61st Congress, 3d Session. Yellow Fever, a Compilation of Various Publications: Results of the Work of Maj. Walter Reed, Medical Corps, and the Yellow Fever Commission. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911.

United States. Isthmian Canal Commission. Population and Deaths From Various Diseases in the City of Panama, by Months and Years, From November 1883 to August 1906. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1906.

United States. National Guard Bureau. Report on Mobilization of the Organized Militia and National Guard of the United States, 1916. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1916.

United States. Philippine Commission, 1899-1900. Report of the Philippine Commission to the President. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900.

Upton, Emory. The Military Policy of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1917.

Vaughan, Victor C. A Doctor's Memories. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1926.

----. Epidemiology and Public Health. 3 vols. St. Louis, Mo.: C. V. Mosby Co., 1922.

Vedder, Edward B. Beriberi. New York: William Wood and Co., 1913.

----. The Prevalence of Syphilis in the Army. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1915.


430

----. A Synopsis of the Work of the Army Medical Research Boards in the Philippines. Army Medical Bulletin. Carlisle Barracks, Pa.: Medical Field Service School, 1929.

----. Syphilis and Public Health. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1918.

Walters, Ronald G., ed. Primers for Prudery: Sexual Advice to Victorian America. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1974.

War Department. [Annual] Report of the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1865-1917.

----. [Annual] Report of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army, to the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1865-1918.

----. Correspondence Relating to the War With Spain and Conditions Growing Out of the Same, Including the Insurrection in the Philippine Islands and the China Relief Expedition, Between the Adjutant-General of the Army and Military Commanders in the United States, Cuba, Porto Rico, China, and the Philippine Islands From April 15, 1898, to July 30, 1902. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1902.

----. Five Years of the War Department Following the War With Spain, 1899-1903, as Shown in the Annual Reports of the Secretary of War. N.p., n.d.

----. Reports of Military Observers Attached to the Armies in Manchuria During the Russo-Japanese War. Part 4. Report of Major Charles Lynch, Medical Department, General Staff. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1907.

War Department. Surgeon General's Office. Administration, American Expeditionary Forces. Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927.

----. ----. The Cholera Epidemic of 1873 in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1875.

----. ----. Manual for the Medical Department, 1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900.

----. ----. Manual for the Medical Department, 1906. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1906.

----. ----. Manual for the Medical Department, United States Army, 1911. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911.

----. ----. Manual for the Medical Department, United States Army, 1916, Corrected to April 15, 1917. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1917.

----. ----. The Surgeon General's Office. Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1923.

----. ----. Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. 2 vols., 3 pts. ea. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1870-1888.

----. ----. Plan for a Post Hospital of Twenty-four Beds. Circular No. 4. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1867.

----. ----. Report on Epidemic Cholera in the Army of the United States During the Year 1866. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1867.


431

----. ----. Report on Epidemic Cholera and Yellow Fever in the Army of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1868.

----. ----. The Venereal Diseases: An Outline of Their Management, Prepared for the Use of Medical Officers of the Army. Chicago: American Medical Assoc., 1917.

----. ----. War Surgery of the Nervous System. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1917.

Welsh, Herbert. The Apache Prisoners at Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida. N.p.: Indian Rights Assoc., 1887. Library of Congress Microfilm 8124E.

Wheeler, Joseph. The Santiago Campaign, 1898. 1899. Reprint. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1970.

Wood, Leonard. The Military Obligation of Citizenship. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1915.

----. Our Military History: Its Facts and Fallacies. Chicago: Reilly and Button Co., 1916.

Woodhull, Alfred Alexander. A Medical Report Upon the Uniform and Clothing of the Soldiers of the U.S. Army. Washington, D.C.: Surgeon General's Office, War Department, 1868.

----. Notes on Military Hygiene for Officers of the Line. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1899.

----. ----. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1909.

----. Notes on Military Hygiene for Officers of the Line: A Syllabus of Lectures at the U.S. Infantry and Cavalry School. New York: John Wiley and Sons,1890.

----. Studies, Chiefly Clinical, in the Non-emetic Use of Ipecacuanha. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Co., 1876.

Woodruff, Charles E. The Effects of Tropical Light on White Men. New York: Rebman Co., 1905.

Woodward, Joseph J. Report to the Surgeon General of the United States Army on Certain Points Connected With the Histology of Minute Bloodvessels. Washington, D.C.: Surgeon General's Office, War Department, 1870.

----. On the Structure of Cancerous Tumors and the Modes in Which Adjacent Parts Are Invaded. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1873.

Worcester, D. C. A History of Asiatic Cholera in the Philippines. Manila: Bureau of      Printing, 1908.

Primary Articles

Abbott, A. C. "The Essentials of Successful Public Health Administration." Journal of the American Medical Association 46 (1906): 475-78.

"Achievements of the Medical Corps of the United States Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 68 (1917): 1324-25.


432

"Acting Assistant Surgeons in the Philippines." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 178.

Adair, George W. "Wheeled Vehicles for the Transportation of Wounded." Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1896, pp. 144-51.

Adams, J. F. A. "Substitutes for Opium in Chronic Disease." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 121 (1889): 351-56.

Agramonte, Aristides. "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay." Transactions of the American Society of Tropical Medicine 10 (1916): 27-31.

----. "The Inside Story of a Great Medical Discovery." Scientific Monthly 1 (1915): 209-39.

Alden, Charles H. "Instruction of the Hospital or Ambulance Corps in the United States." Medical Age 14 (1896): 449-56.

----. "Instruction of the Hospital or Ambulance Corps in the United States and State Services." Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1896, pp. 98-106.

----. "Porto Rico: Its Climate and Its Diseases." New York Medical Journal 74 (1901): 17-22.

----. ----. Transactions of the American Climatological and Clinical Association 17 (1901): 14-28.

----. "Roster of Volunteer Medical Officers Who Served During the Spanish-American War of 1898 in the Military and Naval Services." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 56-92.

----. "The Special Training of the Medical Officer, With Brief Notes on Army Medical Schools Abroad and at Home." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 675-89.

Alger, Russell A. "The Food of the Army During the Spanish War." North American Review 172 (1901): 39-58.

"Alleged Yellow Fever Serum a Failure." Sanitarian 47 (1901): 371-72.

Allen, Seabury W. "The Conditions at Camp Wikoff." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 139 (1898): 326-27.

Ames, Azel. "A Medical Reserve Corps for the Army of the United States." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 16 (1905): 69-94.

----. "The Vaccination of Porto Rico: A Lesson to the World." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 293-313.

Ames, Howard E. "The Hygienic Condition of Enlisted Men as Affected by Moral and Intellectual Influences." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of the Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 409-25.

Anderson, L. G. "Notes of an Army Surgeon in the Recent War." American Medicine 3 (1902): 475-78.

Anderson, Winslow. "The U.S. Army Camp of Instruction for the Officers of the Medical Corps of the Organized Militia." Pacific Medical Journal 52 (1909): 521-32.


433

Andrews, R. W. "Tropical Diseases as Observed in the Philippines." Albany Medical Annals 23 (1902): 19-23, 83-89.

Andrews, Vernon L. "Infantile Beriberi." Philippine Journal of Science 7B (1912): 67-88.

"Another Transport Scandal." Medical Record 54 (1898): 524.

"Antityphoid Vaccination in the Army." New York State Medical Journal 70 (1899): 728.

Appel, Daniel M. "The General Hospital and Sanatorium for Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis at Fort Bayard, New Mexico." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 11 (1902): 203-21.

"Are Malarial Diseases Air-borne?" Journal of the American Medical Association 28 (1897): 943-44.

"Army Contract Surgeons." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 416-17.

"The Army Investigation." Medical News 73 (1898): 399-402.

"The Army Medical Corps." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 57-66.

"Army Medical Department." Medical Era 16 (1898): 201-08.

"Army Medical Reorganization: The Proposed Army Medical Corps and Medical Reserve Corps." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 201-06.

"Army Medical School: Closing Exercises of the First Session." Journal of the American Medical Association 22 (1894): 352-54.

"The Army Medical Staff Bill." Medical Record 9 (1874): 149-51.

"Army Medical Staff Rank." Medical Record 9 (1874): 311-12.

"Army Notes." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 46.

----. Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 1427.

"An Army Sanitarium for Tuberculosis." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 14 (1899): 248-49.

"The Army as a Sanitary Corps." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 425.

"Army Staff Rank." Medical Record 9 (1874): 13-14, 136, 373-74.

"Army Staff Rank-Chautauqua County Medical Supply." Medical Record 9 (1874): 79.

Arnold, Herbert A. "Report on Maneuver Camps at San Antonio and Leon Springs, and on Juarez, Mexico." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 21-28.

Arthur, William H. "Carrel's Method of Wound Sterilization." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 489-98.

----. "Postgraduate Instruction at the Army Medical School." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 146-50.

Asch, Morris J. "Army Medical Service." New York Medical Journal 37 (1883): 203-04.

Ashburn, Percy M. "The Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases as They Occur in the Philippine Islands." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 23 (1906): 298-304.


434

----. "Report on Medical Conditions in Liberia." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 402-09.

----. "Service in the Army Medical Corps." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 159 (1908): 667.

----. "A Trip to China." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 101-24.

Ashburn, Percy M., and Craig, Charles F. "Experimental Investigations Regarding the Etiology of Dengue, With a General Consideration of the Disease." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 93-149.

----. "Observations Made During a Visit to Japan by the United States Army Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases as They Exist in the Philippines." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 116-36.

----. "Observations Upon Filaria Philippinensis and Its Development in the Mosquito." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 1-11.

----. "Observations Upon Treponema Pertinuis Castellani of Yaws and the Experimental Production of the Disease in Monkeys." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 441-67.

----. "Study of Tropical Diseases in the Philippine Islands." Journal of the American Medical Association 48 (1907): 691-93.

----. "The Work of the Army Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases in the Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 21 (1907): 38-49.

Ashburn, Percy M.; Vedder, E. B.; and Gentry, E. R. "Concerning Varioloid in Manila." Military Surgeon 33 (1913): 59-60.

Ashford, Bailey K. "Ankylostomiasis in Puerto Rico." New York Medical Journal 1 (1900): 522-56.

----. "Notes on Medical Progress in Porto Rico." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 725-27.

----. "Notes on Sprue in Porto Rico and the Results of Treatment by Yellow Santonin." American Journal of Tropical Diseases and Preventive Medicine 1 (1913-1914): 146-58.

----. "Observations on the Campaign in Western Puerto Rico During the Spanish-American War." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 157-68.

----. "Studies in Moniliasis of the Digestive Tract in Porto Rico." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 150 (1915): 680-92.

----. "Where Treatment of All Infected Is the Surest Prophylactic Measure: The Problem of Epidemic Uncinariasis in Porto Rico." Military Surgeon 20 (1907): 40-55.

Ashford, Bailey K., and King, Walter W. "A Study of Uncinariasis in Porto Rico." American Medicine 6 (1903): 391-96.

Ashford, Mahlon. "The Mission of the Ambulance Company." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 163-69.

----. "The Most Practicable Plan for the Organization, Training and Utilization of the Medical Officers of the Medical Reserve Corps of the United States Army and Navy and of the Medical Officers of the Officers' Reserve


435

Corps of the United States Army in Peace and War." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 123-55.

----. "A Proposed Motor-Ambulance Company." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 300-06, 392-97.

----. "Statistical Report of Venereal Prophylaxis, From December 1st, 1913, to April 30, 1914, at Fort Washington, Md., for the Purpose of Showing Its Efficacy." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 9-11.

Austin, H. W. "Retrospect of Co-operative Work of the Medical Services of the Government." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 450-61.

Bache, Dallas. "The Location of Sites for, and the Construction of, Military Posts in Relation to Proper Sanitation." Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 5 (1895): 413-30.

-----. "The Place of the Female Nurse in the Army." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 25 (1899): 307-28.

"The Bacillus Dysenteriae." Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 501-02.

Baker, Frank. "President Garfield's Case Again." Medical News 41 (1882): 115-19.

Baketel, H. Sheridan. "The Army Medical Corps." Military Surgeon 34 (1916): 451-57.

Banister, John M. "Army Sanitary Administration in the United States and in the Tropics." Western Medical Review 14 (1909): 558-74.

----. "Medical and Surgical Observations During a Three-Year Tour of Duty in the Philippines." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 18 (1906): 149-69, 259-77, 318-34.

----. "The Radical Cure of Inguinal Hernia From the Standpoint of the Military Surgeon." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 7 (1897): 478-96.

----. "Surgical Observations in the Philippines." Journal of the American Medical Association 42 (1904): 1117-21.

Banister, William B. "The Medical Mechanism for War in the U.S." Illinois Medical Journal 29 (1916): 407-19.

----. "The Medical Reserve Corps: Its Duties and Relations to the Army in Peace and War." Chicago Medical Recorder 34 (1912): 675-85; 35 (1912): 23-42.

Barber, M. S.; Raquel, Alfonso; Guzman, Ariston; and Rosa, Antonio P. "Malaria in the Philippine Islands: The Distribution of the Commoner Anophelines and the Distribution of Malaria." Philippine Journal of Science 10B (1915): 177-245.

Bartholow, Roberts. "Alcohol: Its Therapeutic Uses, Internally and Externally." Philadelphia Medical Times 11 (1881): 647-52.

----. "Typho-malarial Fever and the Opinions of Dr. Woodward, U.S.A., in 1863 and 1877." Clinic 13 (1877): 109-10, 121-23, 133-34.


436

Bass, C. C. "Treatment of Pellagra." Southern Medical Journal 4 (1911-1912): 521-27.

Beck, Harvey G. "Duodenal Medication of Ipecac in the Treatment of Dysentery." Journal of the American Medical Association 59 (1912): 2110-14.

Belfield, William T. "Abstract of the Cartwright Lectures." New York Medical Journal 37 (1883): 253-55.

Bell, A. N. "Fomites and Yellow Fever." Public Health Papers and Reports 27 (1901): 144-51.

----. ----. Sanitarian 47 (1901): 302-10.

Berg, H. W. "The Treatment of Diphtheria, Including Serum Therapy." Medical Record 47 (1895): 33-43.

"Beri-beri." Journal of the American Medical Association 42 (1904): 1148.

"Better Instruction for Army Medical Officers." Journal of the American Medical Association 55 (1910): 1736-37.

Biddle, Thomas C. "Typhoid Fever in the Tropics." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 103-06.

Bill, Joseph H. "Notes on Arrow Wounds." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 44 (1862): 365-87.

Billings, John Shaw. "American Inventions and Discoveries in Medicine, Surgery and Practical Sanitation." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 124 (1891): 349-51.

----. "Bacteria and Spontaneous Generation." Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 2 (1874-1878): 109-10.

----. "The Causes of Outbreaks of Typhoid Fever." Medical News 61 (1892): 601-02.

----. "The Health of the Survivors of the War." Forum, January 1892, pp. 652-58.

----. "Ideals of Medical Education." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 124 (1891): 619-23.

----. "International Uniformity in Army Medical Statistics." Medical News 57 (1890): 130-34, 153-58.

----. "Notes on Military Medicine in Europe." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 3 (1882): 234-47.

----. "On Medical Museums." Medical News 53 (1888): 309-16.

----. "Report of Resolutions in Memory of Joseph Janvier Woodward With Abstract of Remarks on Dr. Woodward's Work, etc., November 8, 1884." Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 7 (1884): 75-76.

----. "Who Founded the National Medical Library?" Medical Record 17 (1880): 298-99.

Birmingham, Henry P. "Coordination of the Medical Departments of the Army and Navy in Campaign." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 377-80.

----. "Sanitary Work of the Army at Vera Cruz." Military Surgeon 36 (1915): 205-21.


437

----. "Typhoid Fever in the Army of Cuban Pacification." Military Surgeon 20 (1907): 427-58.

Bispham, William N. "Sanitary Service With National Guard Troops." Military Surgeon 41 (1917): 43-62.

----. "Sanitary Work in the City of Havana." Philadelphia Medical Journal 6 (1900): 1094-96.

Blanchard, R. M. "Heroin and Soldiers." Military Surgeon 33 (1913): 140-43.

Blech, Gustavus. "Organization of Red Cross Personnel for War." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 228-36.

Bliss, D. Willard. "Report of the Care of President Garfield." Medical Record 20 (1881): 393-402.

Blodgett, W. H. "The Doctor on the Border: An Estimate of the Soldier Doctor and Incidents in the Life of the Border Soldier." Indianapolis Medical Journal 19 (1916): 429-33.

Bloodgood, Joseph C. "The Tobyhanna Camp." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 117-122.

Blumer, George. "The Influence Which the Acquisition of Tropical Territory by the United States Has Had, and Is Likely To Have, on American Medicine." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 153 (1905): 129-35.

Boak, S. D. "Information Regarding the Army Dental Surgeons Corps." Dental Cosmos 57 (1915): 546.

Borden, William C. "Conservatism in Military Surgery." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons in the United States, 1899, pp. 250-56.

----. "History of Doctor Walter Reed's Illness From Appendicitis." Washington Medical Annals 1 (1902): 425-26.

----. "Hospital Corps Instruction at Military Posts." Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1895, pp. 401-12.

----. "Military Surgery." Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1900, pp. 190-231.

----. "The Vital Statistics of an Apache Indian Community." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 129 (1893): 5-10.

----. "The Walter Reed General Hospital of the United States Army." Military Surgeon 20 (1907): 20-35.

----. "What Can the Medical Profession Do for the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 42 (1904): 1680-81.

Bourns, Frank S. "Some Notes on the Philippines." Atlanta Journal-Record of Medicine 1 (1899-1900): 729-34.

Bradford, E. H. "Metatarso-Tarsal Valgus or Humped Foot and Its Relation to Boots." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 151 (1904): 560-63.

Braver, David R. "Sanitary and Other Problems of the Panama Canal." Dietetic and Hygienic Gazette 21 (1905): 257-59.


438

Brimlow, George F., ed. "Two Cavalrymen's Diaries of the Bannock War, 1878." Oregon Historical Quarterly 68 (1967): 221-58, 293-316.

Brinton, John H. "Valedictory Address to the Graduating Class of the Army Medical School, Washington, D.C." Journal of the American Medical Association 26 (1896): 599-605.

Brooks, William H. "The Base Hospital in Cuba." Military Surgeon 20 (1907): 376-82.

Brown, J. Morris. "Organization and Conduct of a United States Army Medical Supply Depot." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 279-87.

Brown, Paul R. "The Organization of the Surgical Personnel of an Army Division (Twelve Thousand Men) and Its Duties in      Time of War." Medical Record 54 (1898): 7-9.

Buckingham, E. M. "Tropical and Camp Disease: A Study of Santiago Cases at the Boston City Hospital." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 139 (1898): 433-35.

Buecker, Thomas R., ed. "A Surgeon at the Little Big Horn: The Letters of Dr. Holmes O. Paulding." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 32 (Autumn 1982): 34-49.

Burrell, Herbert L. "The Formation, Character, and Work of Schools for Medical Officers in the Volunteer Militia or National Guards." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 336-39.

Burrell, Herbert L., and Tucker, Greenleaf R. "Aseptic Surgery." Medical Communications of the Massachusetts Medical Society 14 (1889): 551-70.

Busey, Samuel C. "Address Delivered at the Closing Exercises of the Army Medical School, March 12, 1897." Journal of the American Medical Association 28 (1897): 671-76.

Bushnell, George E. "The Expansion of the Hospital Corps in War." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 144-51.

Cabot, A. T. "Science in Medicine." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 137 (1897): 481-84.

Cabot, Richard C. "Are Sanitary and Moral Prophylaxis Natural Allies?" Journal of the Society for Sanitary and Moral Prophylaxis 5 (1914): 20-30.

----. "The 'Bay State's' First Trip to Porto Rico." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 139 (1898): 378-79.

Callender, G. R., and Luippold, G. F. "The Effectiveness of Typhoid Vaccine Prepared by the U.S. Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 123 (1943): 319-21.

Calvert, William J. "Plague in the Orient." Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 14 (1903): 60-63.

----. "Plague Serum in Three Cases." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 148 (1903): 35-36.

"Camps of Instruction for Medical Officers." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 722.


439

"The Care of Our Troops In Hawaii." Medical Record 54 (1898): 961-62.

Carll, William E. "The Oregon National Guard at the San Francisco Earthquake Disaster." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 19 (1906): 460-63.

Carrington, Paul M. "Further Observations on the Treatment of Tuberculosis at Fort Stanton, New Mexico." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 207-34.

Carter, H. R. "A Note on the Interval Between Infecting and Secondary Cases of Yellow Fever From the Records of the Yellow Fever at Orwood and Taylor, Miss., in 1898." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 52 (1900): 617-36.

"A Case for Investigation." Medical Record 54 (1898): 127.

"Case of the Late President." New York Medical Journal and Obstetrical Review 34 (1881): 489-94.

"The Case of the Late President Garfield." Lancet 2 (1881): 553-54.

"The Case of President Garfield." Medical News 39 (1881): 631-35.

Cattell, Henry W. "Roentgen's Discovery-Its Application in Medicine." Medical News 68 (1896): 169-71.

Caulkins, J. S. "Typho-malarial Fever." Detroit Lancet 1 (1878): 403-14.

Center, Charles D. "Lessons Learned at a Maneuver Camp." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 29-34.

Chamberlain, Weston P. "Care of Troops on the Mexican Border." Journal of the American Medical Association 67 (1916): 1573-82.

----. "The Disappearance of Beriberi From the Philippine (Native) Scouts." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 509-22.

----. "Hints for Line Officers Regarding the Diseases Liable To Be Met With in Mexico and the General Method of Combating Them." Journal of Military Service Institution of the United States 54 (May-June 1914): 341-59.

----. "Is the Poor Physical Development of Southern Recruits due to Uncinariasis?" Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 25 (1901): 48-56.

----. "Observations on the Influence of the Philippine Climate on White Men of the Blond and of the Brunette Type." Philippine Journal of Science 6B (1911): 427-63.

----. "Typhoid Fever in the Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 53-91.

Chamberlain, Weston P., and Vedder, Edward B. "A Contribution to the Etiology of Beriberi." Philippine Journal of Science 6B (1911): 251-58.

----. "The Cure of Infantile Beriberi by the Administration to the Infant of an Extract of Rice Polishings, and the Bearing Thereof on the Etiology of Beriberi." Bulletin of the Manila Medical Society 4 (1912): 26-33.

Chamberlain, Weston P.; Bloombergh, Horace D.; and Kilbourne, Edwin D. "Report of the Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases in the Philippine Islands, Quarter Ending Sept. 30, 1910." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 7-16, 180-96.


440

Chamberlain, Weston P.; Bloombergh, Horace D.; and Vedder, Edward B. "Report of the U.S. Army Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases as They Exist in the Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 445-52.

"Change in the Examination for the Army Medical Service." Medical Record 66 (1904): 61.

Church, James H. "Erlich's Arsenic in the Treatment of Syphilis in the Military Service." Military Surgeon 36 (1915): 44-55.

Clark, Thomas C. "The Relation of the National Guard Surgeon to the Medical Profession and to the Community." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 179-84.

----. "Some Observations Upon the Medical Service of the Late War With Spain From the Standpoint of a Volunteer Surgeon." Northwestern Lancet 19 (1899): 361-65.

Clarke, Maurice D. "Therapeutic Nihilism." Medical Communications of the Massachusetts Medical Society 14 (1888): 221-28.

Cochran, Jerome. "Notes and Reflections: Typho-malarial Fever." Transactions of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama, 28th Session, 1875, pp. 337-45.

Coe, A. S. "Therapeutics." New York Medical Journal 54 (1891): 239-42.

Coe, Henry C. "Medical Preparedness." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 407-09.

----. "Military Preparedness From the Medical Standpoint." Medical Record 89 (1916): 449.

Cole, Clarence L. "Necator American in the Natives of the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 333-42.

Condon, A. S. "The Army Canteen." Journal of the American Medical Association 58 (1912): 720-21.

Conn, H. W. "Bacteriology in Our Medical Schools." Science 11 (1888): 123-26.

Connor, Clarence H. "The Special Physical Examination of Aviators for the United States Army." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 29-32.

"A Consulting Staff for the Medical Department." Military Surgeon 41 (1917): 484-86.

"Control of Typhoid Fever in the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 48 (1907): 1443.

Conzelmann, F. J. "Typhoid Inoculation." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 316.

Cornick, Boyd. "The Remedy for Overcrowding in the Medical Profession." Journal of the American Medical Association 12 (1889): 613-15.

"Correspondence: Letter From Mexico (Vera Cruz, 24 June, 1914)." New York Medical Journal 100 (1914): 184-85.

Councilman, W. T. "Dysentery." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 127 (1892): 1-7.

Cox, George W. "Present Status of Serum Therapy." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 829-34.

Craig, Charles F. "The Army Medical Service." Yale Medical Journal 16 (1909-1910): 415-27.


441

----. "The Bubonic Plague From a Sanitary Standpoint." Pacific Medical Journal 43 (1900): 577-97.

----. "The Classification of the Malarial Plasmodia." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 160 (1909): 677-79.

----. "Estivo-Autumnal Malarial Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 1139-48.

----. "The Importance to the Army of Diseases Transmitted by Mosquitoes and Methods for Their Prevention." Military Surgeon 26 (1910): 292-308.

----. "Importance of Tropical Diseases to American Practitioners as Illustrated by Their Occurrence in the United States." American Journal of Tropical Diseases and Preventive Medicine 3 (1915-1916): 5-16.

----. "The Interpretation of the Results of the Wassermann Test." Journal of the American Medical Association 60 (1913): 565-69.

----. "Observations on Malta Fever in the United States Army." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 264-81.

----. "Observations Upon the Amoebae Coli and Their Staining Reaction." Medical News 78 (1901): 414-18.

----. "Observations Upon the Morphology, Life Cycle, and Relation to Disease of Entamoeba Histolytica." American Journal of Tropical Diseases and Preventive Medicine 2 (1914-1915): 169-84.

----. "The Occurrence of Endamoebic Dysentery in Troops Serving in the El Paso District From July 1916 to December 1916." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 286-302, 423-34.

----. "On the Nature of the Virus of Yellow Fever, Dengue, and Pappataic Fever." New York Medical Journal 93 (1911): 360-69.

----. "The Parasites of Estivoautumnal (Remittent) Malarial Fever." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 764-68.

----. "The Pathology of Chronic Specific Dysentery." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 353-78.

----. "The Prophylaxis of Malarial Infection." Southern Medical Journal 4 (1911): 469-78.

----. "The Results and Interpretations of the Wassermann Test." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 149 (1915): 41-56.

Crampton, George S. "Camps of Instruction for Militia Medical Officers in 1901." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 355-63.

Crile, George W. "Standardization of the Practice of Military Surgery: The Clinical Surgeon in Military Service." Journal of the American Medical Association 69 (1917): 291-92.

----. "The Unit Plan of Organization of the Medical Reserve Corps of the U.S. for Service in Base Hospitals." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 22 (1916): 68-69.

----. "The Work of American Units in France." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 709-12.


442

Crook, J. A. "Malarial and Typhoid Fever." Memphis Medical Monthly 12 (1892): 536-40.

Culler, R. M. "Some Facts About the Army Medical Corps. "Journal of the American Medical Association 52 (1909): 1092-93.

"Current Comment: Membership in the Army Medical Corps as a Career." Journal of the American Medical Association 67 (1916): 1308-09.

Curry, Joseph J. "Bubonic Plague: Report on the Plague in Manila, P.I., From January 1, 1900, to June 30, 1900." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 277-79.

----. "Dysenteric Diseases of the Philippine Islands, With Special Reference to the Ameba Coli as a Causative Agent in Tropical Dysentery." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 177-78.

----. "The Fevers of the Philippines: A Preliminary Report on the Nature of the Fevers Prevalent in the Philippine Islands, Including Typhoid Fever, Malta Fever, the Malarial Fevers and Undetermined Tropical Fevers." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 446-51.

----. "Malta Fever: A Report on Four Cases of Malta Fever in the United States Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs, Ark., Among Soldiers and Sailors Returned From Tropical Stations, With Remarks on the Serum Reaction in Malta Fever." Journal of Medical Research 6 (1901): 241-48.

----. "On the Value of Blood Examinations in the Diagnosis of Camp Fevers: A Report on the Blood Examinations in Typhoid Fever and in the Malarial Fevers." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 141 (1900): 512-18.

----. "Report on Parasitic Disease in Horses, Mules and Caribao in the Philippine Islands." American Medicine 3 (1902): 512-13.

----. " 'Surra' or Nagana." American Medicine 4 (1902): 95-99.

----. "U.S. Army Pathological Laboratories in the Philippine Islands." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 175-77.

Curtin, Roland G. "Medical Conditions of the Isthmus of Panama, With Other Notes." Medicine 11 (1905): 343-49.

Dakin, Henry D. "On the Use of Certain Antiseptic Substances in the Treatment of Infected Wounds." British Medical Journal 2 (1915): 318-20.

Daniels, Josephus. "The Physician's Great Problem in the War." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 701-03.

Darnall, Carl R. "The Purification of Drinking Water for Troops in the Field." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 253-85.

----. "Water Purification by Anhydrous Chlorine." American Journal of Public Health n.s. 1 (1911): 783-97.

Day, Richard H. "Review of the Surgical Treatment of President Garfield." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 10 (1882): 81-95.

Decker, C. W. "San Diego Maneuver Camp." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 271-81.

De Loffre, Samuel. "The Etiology of Beri-beri." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 101.


443

Desfosses, P. "Canal de Panama et fievre jaune." Presse medical 14 (1906): 729-32.

Devine, William H. "Management of a Field Hospital." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp.97-105.

DeVoto, Augustus L. "A Trooper With Custer: Augustus DeVoto's Account of the Little Big Horn." Edited by Dale T. Schoenberger. Montana: The Magazine of Western History 40 (Winter 1990): 68-71.

Dickson, Samuel H. "Essay on the Blending and Conversion of Types in Fever." Transactions of the American Medical Association 5 (1852): 127-61.

"Discussion." Medical Communications of the Massachusetts Medical Society 14 (1889): 570-94.

----. Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 14 (1899): 81-88.

"The Discussion in the Senate on the Army Medical Reorganization Bill." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 18 (1906): 305-07.

"Disparagement of the Regular Army Surgeons." Medical Record 54 (1898): 378.

Doan, Henry H. "A Plea for More Camps of Instruction Under Government Supervision for Officers of the Organized Militia." Military Surgeon 32 (1913): 75-77.

Dock, George. "Further Studies in Malarial Disease, the Parasites and the Form of Disease as Found in Texas." Medical News 58 (1891): 602-06, 628-34.

----. "Studies in the Etiology of Malarial Infection and of the Haematozoa of Laveran." Medical News 57 (1890): 59-65.

Doherty, David J. "Medicine and Disease in the Philippines." Journal of the American Medical Association 34 (1900): 1526-31.

Donaldson, Frank. "A Refutation of False Statements Concerning Camp Wikoff." Medical News 73 (1898): 334-35.

Donnally, Williams. "An Opportunity for a Great National Museum." Transactions of the American Dental Association at the Thirty-fifth Annual Session, 1895, pp.134-49.

Doty, A. H. "On the Mode of Transmission of the Infectious Agent in Yellow Fever and Its Bearing Upon Quarantine Regulations." Medical Record 60 (1901): 649-53.

Draper, William H. "On the Relations of Scientific to Practical Medicine." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 3 (1888): 1-8.

Ducker, Orlando. "The Troops in Santiago." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 669.

Duncan, Louis C. "The Use of Motor Vehicles in Transporting Wounded." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 52 (1913): 235-49.

----. "The Wounded at Ojinaga." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 411-40.


444

Ebert, R. G. "The Medical Department of the U.S. Army." Medical Sentinel 11 (1903): 91-99.

"Echoes and News: Mortality Among the Spanish Soldiers Returning to Spain." Medical News 73 (1898): 402.

"Editorial: Demilitarization of the Red Cross." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 365-66.

"Editor's Table." Sanitarian 47 (1901): 267-82.

Edwards, J. F. "The Adaptation of the Medical Service of the National Guard to That of the Army." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 43-52.

"The Efficiency of the Army Medical Staff." Medical Record 9 (1874): 125-26.

Egan, P. R. "The Best Diet for the Tropics: The Army Ration." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 47.

----. "Meat Ration in the Tropics." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 176-77.

Ekwurzel, George M. "Observations of a Regimental Surgeon With the Maneuver Division." Military Surgeon 31 (1912): 52-60.

"The Emergency Ration of the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 28 (1897): 37-38.

"The End at Last." Medical Record 22 (1881): 350-51.

Erichsen, John Eric. "Impressions of American Surgery." Lancet 2 (1874): 717-20.

Esmarch, Friedrich. "Concerning the Treatment of the Wound of President Garfield." Translated by R. Stansbury Sutton. Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 107 (1882): 234-37.

"The Etiology of Yellow Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 36 (1901): 446-47, 461.

Ewing, Charles B. "The Treatment of Wounds From the Aspect of Germ Infection." Transactions of the Second Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States, 1892, pp. 146-51.

----. "The Wounded of the Wounded Knee Battle Field, With Remarks on Wounds Produced by Large and Small Caliber Bullets." Transactions of the Second Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States, 1892, pp. 36-56.

"Examination of Army Medical Officers for Promotion." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 694.

Exner, M. J. "Prostitution in Its Relation to the Army on the Mexican Border." Social Hygiene 3 (1917): 205-20.

"Experimental Investigation Regarding the Pathology of Malaria." Medical Record 20 (1881): 744.

Fabricius, F. W. "Some Observations on Malarial Disease in the Province of Santiago de Cuba." National Medical Review 8 (1899): 569-74.

Fales, Louis H. "The American Physician in the Philippine Civil Service." American Medicine 9 (1905): 513-17.


445

Farrell, P. J. H. "Our Sick and Wounded in the Philippines." Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of California 29 (1899): 334-37.

Field, P. C. "The Recruit Depot Point of View." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 639-48.

"The Fifty-third Congress, the Army and Navy Medical Services and the Marine-Hospital Service." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 413-15.

Finlay, Carlos J. "Inoculations for Yellow Fever by Means of Contaminated Mosquitoes." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 102 (1891): 264-68.

----. ----. Medical Classics 2 (1938): 634-39.

----. "Mosquitoes Considered as Transmitters of Yellow Fever and Malaria." Medical Record 55 (1899): 737-39.

----. "The Mosquito Hypothetically Considered as the Agent of Transmission of Yellow Fever." Medical Classics 2 (1938): 590-612.

----. "Yellow Fever: Its Transmission by Means of the Culex Mosquito." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 92 (1886): 395-409.

"The First Battle Against Yellow Fever." Medical Record 54 (1898): 126.

Fisher, H. C. "Preparedness of the Medical Department for War." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 123-30.

Fitz, Reginald H. "Perforating Inflammation of the Vermiform Appendix, With Special Reference to Its Early Diagnosis and Treatment." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 1 (1886): 107-44.

Flexner, Simon. "Bacillary Dysentery" Therapeutic Gazette 26 (1902): 218-20.

----. "On the Etiology of Tropical Dysentery" Philadelphia Medical Journal 6 (1900): 414-24.

Flexner, Simon, and Barker, L. F. "The Prevalent Diseases in the Philippines." Science 11 (1900): 521-28.

Flint, Austin. "Remarks on the Use of the Thermometer in Diagnosis and Prognosis." New York Medical Journal 4 (1866-1867): 81-93.

Ford, Clyde S. "Red Cross Problems in Time of War." New York Medical Journal 101 (1915): 1099-1107.

----. "Some Medicomilitary Observations in the Late Balkan Wars." New York Medical Journal 101 (1915): 52-58.

Ford, Joseph H. "The Antitoxin Treatment of Tertian Malarial Infections." Medical Record 66 (1904): 1001-07.

----. "The Conditions Influencing Service of Militia Medical Officers." Military Surgeon 26 (1910): 516-28.

----. "Galveston Maneuver Camp." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 282-91.

----. "Notes on Organization and Equipment for Evacuation of Wounded." Military Surgeon 31 (1912): 669-93.

----. "The Sanitary Service of Maneuver Camps." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 101-25.

Forwood, William H. "Remarks Upon the Proper Form and the Advantages of a Diagnosis Tag for Use Among the Sick and Wounded on the Battle-


446

field." Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1895, pp. 456-60.

Foster, George B. "Endemic Typhus Fever in the Philippine Islands." Archives of Internal Medicine 16 (1915): 363-81.

Foster, George B., and Sinclair, Charles G. "Hookworm Infection as a Medicomilitary Consideration." Journal of the American Medical Association 69 (1917): 431-34.

Fox, James S. "Prophylaxis of Syphilis and Practical Points on Its Treatment by Salvarsan." Military Surgeon 32 (1913): 91-97.

Foxworthy, Frank W. "Anti-typhoid Vaccination." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 332-43.

Foy, G. "Health in the United States Army." Medical Press and Circular 103 (1917): 292-93.

Freer, Paul C. "Plague and Late Cholera Epidemic in the Philippine Islands." Illinois Medical Journal 7 (1905): 346-47.

Frick, E. B. "Medical Department of the U.S. Army." St. Paul Medical Journal 6 (1904): 763-69.

"The Future of Medical Education in the United States." Detroit Clinic 1 (1882): 31.

Gallagher, Thomas J. "On the Hypodermic Injection." New York Medical Journal 13 (1871): 532-50.

Gandy, Charles. "Typho-malarial Fever." New York Medical Journal 70 (1899): 482-86.

Gardner, Leon L. "The Days Gone By": The Hospital Real de Espanoles de Manila-Now Sternberg General Hospital." Military Surgeon 64 (1929): 744-53, 917-27.

Garnett, A. Y. P. "The Mission of the American Medical Association." Journal of the American Medical Association 10 (1888): 573-79.

Gerster, Arpad G. "How Should the General Practitioner Deal With Strangulated Hernia?" Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 129 (1893): 61-62, 66-67.

Gilchrist, Harry L. "The Necessity for a Uniform Organization for the Medical Corps of the National Guard." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 22-26.

Girard, Alfred C. "Letter From Europe." Journal of the American Medical Association 22 (1894): 319-20, 361-62, 397-98, 435-37, 636-37.

----. "Lister's Antiseptic Treatment of Wounds: The Material Used and Their Mode of Action." Medical Record 12 (1877): 721-26.

----. "The Sanitary Duties and Rights of Medical Officers as Affecting Their Relations With the Commanders of the Line." Transactions of the Second Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States, 1892, pp. 64-76.

Glennan, James D. "The U.S. Army Ambulance: Its Advantages and Defects as Shown by Actual Service." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 69-72.


447

Goethals, George W. "The Building of the Panama Canal." Scribner's Magazine 57 (1915): 265-82, 395-418, 531-48, 720-34.

Goldthwaite, H. "Matters of Sanitary Interest on the Isthmus." Mobile Medical and Surgical Journal 6 (1905): 55-61.

Goltman, M. "The History of X-rays and Their Application in Medicine and Surgery." Memphis Medical Monthly 17 (1897): 289-93.

Goltra, John N. "The Executive Element in the Training and Skill of the Army Surgeon." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 206-19.

Gorgas, William C. "Health Problems of the Army." American Journal of Public Health 7 (1917): 937-39.

----. "Mosquito Work in Relation to Yellow Fever on the Isthmus of Panama." Journal of the American Medical Association 46 (1906): 322-24.

----. "Recommendation as to Sanitation Concerning Employees of the Mines on the Rand Made to the Transvaal Chamber of Mines." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 24-50.

----. "The Results of Yellow Fever Sanitation in Havana, Cuba, for the Year 1901 up to September 1st, Carried on Upon the Basis That the Stegomyia Mosquito Is the Sole Means of Its Transmission." Public Health Papers and Reports 27 (1901): 130-33.

----. "Sanitary Conditions as Encountered in Cuba and Panama and What Is Being Done To Render the Canal Zone Healthy." Medical Record 67 (1905):161-63.

----. "The Sanitary Organization of the Isthmian Canal as It Bears Upon Anti-malarial Work." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 261-67.

----. "Sanitation on the Isthmus of Panama." Detroit Medical Journal 5 (1905-1906): 37-39.

----. "Sanitation of the Tropics With Special Reference to Malaria and Yellow Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 52 (1909): 1075-77.

----. "A Short Account of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1897, and More Particularly Its Relations to the Garrisons of the Regular Army, Stationed in the Regions Affected." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 282-89.

Greenleaf, Charles R. "Ambulance Construction." Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1895, pp. 264-74.

----. "A Brief Statement of the Sanitary Work So Far Accomplished in the Philippine Islands, and of the Present Shape of the Sanitary Administration." Public Health Papers and Reports 27 (1901): 157-65.

----. "The Medical Officer of the Summer Encampment." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 145-53.


448

----. "The Necessity of a Properly Organized Hospital Corps in the National Guard." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 127 (1892): 493-96.

----. "An Object Lesson in Military Sanitation." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 141 (1899): 485-87.

----. "The Organization of the Medical Department of the Army in the Field." National Medical Review 8 (1898): 199-202.

Greenleaf, H. S. "Army Medical Service of Nicholas Senn." Philadelphia Medical Journal 2 (1898): 694-95.

Griffith, Jefferson D. "Hospital Experience in the War With Spain." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 161-67.

Hagler, Frederick. "Relapsing Fever." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 36-43.

Haines, Edgar F. "The Modern Treatment of Amoebic Dysentery." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 171 (1914): 816-18.

Hall, Horace C. "Typhus Fever." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 474-90.

Hammond, William A.; Sims, J. Marion; Hodges, John T.; and Ashurst, Jr., John. "The Surgical Treatment of President Garfield." North American Review 133 (1881): 578-610.

Hartsock, Frederick M. "Military Medical Conditions Relating to the American Legation Guard in Pekin, China." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 239-63.

Harvey, Philip F. "The Medical Department of the Army and the Advantages It Offers the Young Practitioner." Journal of the American Medical Association 46 (1906): 578-80.

Haubold, H. A. "The Medical Aspects of Camp Management at Chickamauga." Medical Record 54 (1898): 584-86.

Havard, Valery. "The Krag-Jorgensen Bullet-Wound." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1412-13.

----. "The Prophylaxis of Venereal Diseases." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 1-17.

----. "Sanitation and Yellow Fever in Havana." Sanitarian 47 (1901): 13-21, 121-28.

----. "The Value of Statistics in Connection With Venereal Diseases in the Army and Navy." Military Surgeon 14 (1904): 114-17.

Hays, Harold. "The Camp of Instruction for Officers of the Medical Reserve Corps, U.S. Army." Medical Times 43 (1915): 263-66.

"Health of Americans in the Philippines." Medical Record 66 (1904): 700-701.

"The Health of the Army." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 139 (1898): 200-201.

"The Health of the Army at Honolulu." Medical News 73 (1898): 695.

Heiser, Victor G. "A Note on Smallpox and Vaccination in the Philippines." Public Health Reports 26 (1911): 495.

----. "Some Considerations With Regard to the Cause of the Frequent Reappearance of Cholera in the Philippine Islands, With Statistics Begin-


449

ning With the Outbreak in 1902 to January 1, 1908." Philippine Journal of Science 3B (1908): 89-104.

----. "Unsolved Health Problems Peculiar to the Philippines." Philippine Journal of Science 5B (1910): 171-78.

Heller, Joseph M. "Experiences of the Spanish-American War From a Different Viewpoint Than Major Nancrede." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 70-76.

"The Heroes at the Rear." Medical Record 54 (1898): 234-35.

Herrick, James B. "The Relation of the Clinical Laboratory to the Practitioner of Medicine." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 156 (1907): 763-68.

Herzog, Maxmillian. "Bubonic Plague in the Philippine Islands From Its First Outbreak in 1899 to 1905." Medicine 11 (1905): 649-54.

Hoff, John van R. "Experience of the Army With Vaccination as a Prophylactic Against Smallpox." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 490-503.

----. "Military Medical Education." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 195-203.

----. "Outlines of the Sanitary Organization of Some of the Great Armies of the World." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 426-514.

----. "Scheme of Military Sanitary Organization." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1897, pp.437-47.

----. "The Share of the 'White Man's Burden' That Has Fallen to the Medical Department of the Public Services of Porto Rico." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 796-99.

----. "Some Notes on Military Sanitary Organization." Transactions of the Second Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States, 1892, pp. 76-90.

----. "Some Steps in the Organization and Instruction of the Medical Department of the Third Corps, U.S.V." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 106-38.

----. "The Travois: A New Sanitary Appliance in the First Line of Battlefield Assistance." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 73-84.

----. "Typhomalarial Fever: The So-called Mountain Fever of the Rocky Mountain Region." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 79 (1880): 38-60.

----. "What is a Hospital Corps?" Medical News 52 (1888): 315-17.

----. "What Is the Most Practical Plan of Sanitary Organization for Active Service in the United States Army?" Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1896, pp. 207-30.

Holcomb, Richmond C. "Has Our Propaganda for Venereal Prophylaxis Failed?" Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 30-41.


450

"Homeopaths for the Army and Navy of the United States." Journal of the American Medical Association 30 (1898): 1430.

"The Hospital Ship 'Relief'." Medical Record 54 (1898): 310.

"Hospital Ship in Service at Taku." Philadelphia Medical Journal 6 (1900): 276.

Howard, George S. "Diary." Winners of the West 14 (1937): 3.

Hull, Myra E., ed. "Soldiering on the High Plains: The Diary of Lewis Byrum Hull, 1864-1866." Kansas Historical Quarterly 7 (1938): 3-53.

Hume, Edgar Erskine. "Admission to the Medical Department of the Army Half a Century Ago: The Experience of Brigadier General William Hemple Arthur." Military Surgeon 79 (1936): 197-202.

Hunt, E. M. "Brief Remarks on the First Part of Medical and Surgical History of the War." Medical Record 9 (1874): 177-79.

Huntington, P. W. "Transmissible Diseases in War." New York Medical Journal 104 (1916): 62-64.

"Inoculation by Mosquitoes Against Yellow Fever." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 124 (1891): 273.

"Insanity in the Army." Medical News 76 (1900): 586.

"Instruction in Hygiene at West Point." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 148.

Ireland, Merritte W. "The Conquest of Yellow Fever." Military Surgeon 64 (1929): 244-51.

"Is the Medical Corps of the Army Worth While?" Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 660-61.

Janeway, Theodore C. "Some Sources of Error in Laboratory Clinical Diagnosis." Medical News 78 (1901): 700-706.

Jarvis, N. S. "Mumps at Fort Apache, Arizona." New York Medical Journal 57 (1893): 582-83.

Johnson, Susan Bard. "Some Reasons Why Nurses Do Not Enlist." American Journal of Nursing 6 (1905): 79-81.

Johnston, W. W. "Errors in Death Returns From Malarial and Typho-malarial Fevers; Typhoid Fever the Prevailing Continued Fever of Washington." National Medical Review 7 (1898): 403-08.

----. "On the Geographical Distribution of Typhoid Fever in the United States: Its Relation to Fevers of Malarial Origin and to Obscure and Unclassified Forms of Continued Fever." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 3 (1888): 9-46.

Jones, E. C. "Transportation of Ambulance Companies." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 429-37.

Jones, Glenn I. "The Treatment of Intestinal Amoebiasis." Journal of the American Medical Association 64 (1915): 982-83.

Jones, Percy L. "General Rules Governing Dressing Stations, With Suggestions for Changes in Equipment." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 522-30.

Jones, Philip M. "X-rays and X-ray Diagnosis." Journal of the American Medical Association 29 (1897): 945-49.


451

"Joseph Janvier Woodward." Medical News 45 (1884): 249-50.

Kean, Jefferson R. "Editorial: William Crawford Gorgas." Military Surgeon 56 (1925): 366-70.

----. "Hospitals and Charities in Cuba." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 140-49.

----. "Influence of the Association of Military Surgeons on the Status of Medical Officers." Military Surgeon 89 (1941): 599.

----. "New Role of the American Red Cross." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 539-44.

----. "A Plea for Applying the Usual Methods of Preventive Medicine to Venereal Diseases." Journal of the American Public Health Association, n.s. 1 (1911): 198-208.

----. "The Venereal Problem in the Army and Navy." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 251-90.

Keefer, Frank R. "The Functions of the Medical Department of the Army, Especially in the Field." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 49 (1911): 347-59.

----. "The Prevention of Typhoid Fever." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 288-94.

----. "The Sanitary Problems of Trench Warfare." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 616-22.

Keen, William W. "Presentation to the College of the Retractor Used in Operation Upon President Cleveland, the Specimen Removed and the Dental Casts Made." Transactions of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 3d ser., 39 (1917): lxiii-lxiv.

Keenan, George F. "Our Medico-military Responsibility." Southwestern Medicine 1 (1917): 12-18.

Kemp, Franklin M. "Field Work in the Philippines." Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 9 (1900): 73-85.

Kent, A. A. "The Abuse of Alcoholic Stimulants in Practice." Medical and Surgical Reporter 74 (1896): 72-76.

Kilbourne, Edwin D. "Some Experiments With the Trypanosoma Evansi." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 248-50.

Kilbourne, Henry S. "The Medical Department of the United States Army Transport Service." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 1-11.

King, Edgar. "The Military Delinquent." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 574-78.

----. "The Use of Habit-forming Drugs (Cocaine, Opium and Its Derivatives) by Enlisted Men: A Report Based on the Work Done at the United States Disciplinary Barracks." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 380-84.

King, Walter W. "Report on the High Mortality on the Island of Porto Rico." Public Health Reports 15 (1900): 2722-26.


452

Kirkpatrick, Thomas J. "Camp Sanitation." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 412-29.

Kober, George M. "The Progress and Tendency of Hygiene and Sanitary Science in the Nineteenth Century." Medical Record 59 (1901): 898-906.

Kolipinski, Louis. "The Santiago Campaign: Medical Experience With the Returned Soldiers of the District of Columbia, U.S.V." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1355-56.

Kress, George H. "United States Army Field Hospital in San Francisco in 1906, With Some Excerpts From the May 1906 Issue of the California State Journal of Medicine." California and Western Medicine 53 (1940): 215-17.

Kulp, John S. "A Manila Military Hospital." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 10 (1901): 225-36.

----. "What To Avoid in Army Athletics." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1897, pp. 311-20.

LaGarde, Louis A. "Comment on Epidemic Typhoid, With Especial Reference to Contact Infection." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 373-74.

----. "The Medical Department in Time of War." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 135 (1896): 585-88.

----. "Notes on an Emergency Ration." Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1896, pp. 345-51.

----. "Relation of the Civilian Physician to National Preparedness." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 237-43.

Lamb, Daniel S. "The Army Medical Museum." Military Surgeon 53 (1923): 89-140.

----. "Record of the Postmortem Examination of the Body of President J. A. Garfield, Made September 20, 1881, Commencing at 4:30 PM, Eighteen Hours After Death, at Francklyn Cottage, Elberon, New Jersey." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 82 (1881): 583-90.

----. "Report of the Post-mortem Examination of the Body of Charles J. Guiteau." Medical News 41 (1882): 43-45.

Leigh, John G. "Sanitation and the Panama Canal: The Solution of Certain Climatic and Hygienic Problems." Lancet 1 (1905): 1530-33, 1597-1601, 1726-30.

LeRoy, James A. "The Philippines Health Problem." Outlook 71 (1902): 777-82.

Levison, Charles G. "The Present Status of Blood Extract Coagulants and Blood Transfusion." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 625-33.

Lewis, W. F., and Miller, R. B. "Recent Developments in Camp Sanitation." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 499-510.

Lewisohn, Richard. "A New and Greatly Simplified Method of Blood Transfusion." Medical Record 87 (1915): 141-42.

Liceaga, Edouardo. "How War Has Been Waged in Mexico Against the Mosquito." American Journal of Tropical Diseases and Preventive Medicine 2 (1914-1915): 118-23.


453

Lippincott, Henry. "Reminiscences of the Expedition to the Philippine Islands." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 168-74.

Long, S. S. "A Few Short Notes on the Administration of the United States Army in the Philippines." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 25 (1899): 125-35.

"Low Typhoid Sick Rate in the Army." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 78.

Luce, Edward S., ed. "The Diary and Letters of Dr. James M. DeWolf." North Dakota History 25 (April-July 1958): 33-81.

Lyster, William J. L. "The Army Surgeon in the Philippines." Journal of the American Medical Association 36 (1901): 30-34.

----. "Present Status of Artificially Treated Drinking Water in the Field." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 401-09.

----. "Sterilization of Drinking Water by Calcium Hypochlorite in the Field." Military Surgeon 36 (1915): 222-28.

----. "Vaccination Against Typhoid in the United States Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 65 (1910): 510-12.

McBurney, C. "Experience With Early Operative Interference in Cases of Disease of Vermiform Appendix." New York Medical Journal 50 (1889): 676-84.

McCaw, Walter D. "The Medical Service of an Army in Modern War." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 16 (1905): 334-49.

McClintock, Charles T. "Corrosive Sublimate as a Germicide." Medical News 61 (1892): 397-400.

McCloskey, Manus. "The Importance of the Service of the Evacuation of the Sick and Wounded by the Medical Department in Time of War." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 414-27.

McCoy, George W. "A Brief History of Leprosy in Hawaii." Military Surgeon 33 (1913): 522-27.

McCullough, Champe C. "The Qualifications, Responsibilities, and Duties of the Regular Army Surgeon: A Reply to Dr. Senn." Medical Record 54 (1898): 498-99.

----. "The Scientific and Administrative Achievement of the Medical Corps of the United States Army." Scientific Monthly 4 (1917): 410-27.

McGee, Anita Newcomb. "Facts About the Army Canteen." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 260-71.

----. "Nurse Corps of the Army." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 11 (1902): 267-73.

----. "Women Nurses in the American Army." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 242-48.

McGlannan, Alexius. "The Prophylaxis and Treatment of Tetanus." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 52-57.

McIntire, Charles. "Medical Education in the United States: From Chaos Towards Cosmos." Bulletin of the American Academy of Medicine 1 (1893): 460-69.


454

McLaughlin, Allan. "The Suppression of a Cholera Epidemic in Manila." Philippine Journal of Science 4B (1909): 43-56.

Maddux, H. C. "Hospital Treatment of Acute Gonorrhea." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 584-86.

Mason, Charles F. "Bacillary Dysentery (Shiga)." Journal of the American Medical Association 41 (1903): 242-46.

Mattison, Ray H., ed. "The Diary of Surgeon Washington Matthews, Fort Rice, D. T." North Dakota History 2 (1954): 5-74.

Maus, Louis M. "The Ethics, Scope and Prerogative of the Army Medical Officer." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 295-309.

----. "Military Sanitary Problems in the Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 1-31.

----. "Venereal Diseases in the United States Army: Their Prevention and Treatment." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 130-48, 248-67.

Mayo, Charles H. "Medical Service in the United States Army." St. Paul Medical Journal 19 (December 1917): 351-53.

"Medical and Sanitary History of Troops in the Philippines." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 826-31.

"The Medical Department of the Army Again." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 139 (1898): 178.

"The Medical Department Praised." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 14 (1899): 26.

"Medical Ethics Among the Military Brethren." New York Medical Journal 7 (1893): 110-11.

"Medical News." Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 437.

"Medical Preparedness and the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 66 (1916): 575-76.

"Medical Reserve Corps." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 66-69.

"The Medical Staff of the Army." Medical Record 14 (1878): 174-75.

Meister, William B. "Cocainism in the Army." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 344-51.

"Memorial of the American Medical Association." Medical Record 9 (1874): 72.

"Mexican Notes." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 170 (1914): 907.

Michie, Henry. "Mexican Typhus Fever." Medical Record 87 (1915): 214-18.

Miller, Reuben B. "The New Manual for the Medical Department." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 300-19.

----. "The Sanitation of the Second Division, U.S. Army, at Texas City and Galveston, Texas, March 1 to July 3l, 1913." Military Surgeon 33 (1913): 503-16.

Miller, William G. "The Treatment of Gonorrhea by Irrigation." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 19 (1906): 229-32.

Minges, George. "The Present State of Bacteriology." Journal of the American Medical Association 12 (1889): 298-300.

"Miscellany-Emergency Rations for the Army: Summary of Proceedings, Conclusions, and Recommendations of the Emergency Ration Board." Journal of the American Medical Association 28 (1897): 41-44.


455

"Miscellany-The Danger of Chloroform and the Safety of Ether as an Anaesthetic." New York Medical Joumal 54 (1891): 222-23.

"The Mode of Spreading of Bubonic Pest." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1372.

Moorhead, Arthur H. "Plague in India." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 165-81.

Morell, Harry. "A Brief Description of the Hospitals of Manila, With a Few Notes on the Plague." St. Paul Medical Journal 4 (1902): 261-65.

Morrow, Prince A. "Publicity as a Factor in Venereal Prophylaxis." Journal of the American Medical Association 47 (1906): 1244-46.

"Mosquitoes and Malaria." Medical Record 54 (1898): 163.

Munson, Edward L. "The Army Medical Service." Medical Record 75 (1909): 676-79.

----. "Cholera Carriers in Relation to Cholera Control." Philippine Journal of Science 10B (1915): 1-9.

----. "The Civil Sanitary Function of the Army Medical Department in Territory Under Military Control." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 273-304.

----. "The Conduction of Field Maneuvers of Military Sanitary Troops." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 1-17.

----. "Contract Surgeons in the United States Army." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 141 (1899): 588-89.

----. "The Effect of Marching on the Rates for Non-efficiency of Newly Raised Troops." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 171-82.

----. "The Ideal Ration for an Army in the Tropics." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 26 (1900): 309-46.

----. "Military Absenteeism in War, With Special Reference to the Relation of the Medical Department Thereto." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 489-513, 619-43; 31 (1912): 1-27.

----. "Military Preparedness From the Medical Standpoint." Medical Record 89 (1916): 447.

----. "A New Method of Waterproofing Military Clothing." Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1900, pp. 430-36.

----. "An Outline of the Organization and Work of the Medical Department of the United States Army." International Clinician 2 (1902): 249-60.

----. "Surgeon General George M. Sternberg, In Memoriam." Transactions of the American Society of Tropical Medicine 10 (1916): 19-26.

----. "The Training of Medical Reserve Officers." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 714-16.

Munson, F. M. "The Ration in the Tropics." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 41-50.

Murphy, John B. "Appendicitis." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 433-37.

Murray, R. "Necrology, Joseph Janvier Woodward." Journal of the American Medical Association 3 (1884): 279-80.


456

----. "Obituary: Joseph Janvier Woodward, U.S.A." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 111 (1884): 237.

Musgrave, William E. "Infant Mortality in the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science 8B (1913): 459-67.

----. "Intestinal Amoebiasis Without Diarrhea: A Study of Fifty Fatal Cases." Philippine Journal of Science 5B (1910): 229-31.

----. "Paragonimiasis in the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 15-65.

----. "Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prognosis of Uncomplicated Intestinal Amebiasis in the Tropics." Journal of the American Medical Association 45 (1905): 830-37.

----. "The Treatment of Intestinal Amebiasis." Journal of the American Medical Association 58 (1912): 13-18.

Musgrave, William E., and Clegg, M. T. "The Etiology of Mycetoma." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 477-511.

Musgrave, William E., and Marshall, Harry T. "Gangosa in the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 387-400.

Musgrave, William E., and Richmond, George F. "Infant Feeding and Its Influence Upon Infant Mortality in the Philippine Islands." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 361-85.

Musser, John H., and Sailer, Joseph. "Further Notes on a Case of Malta Fever: A Study in Serum Diagnosis." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 14 (1899): 163-67.

Nancrede, C. B. G. de. "Personal Experience During the Spanish-American War, Showing the Disadvantages of Depending Upon Untrained Civilian Physicians for Military Service in Time of War, With Some Suggestions." Military Surgeon 26 (1910): 611-27.

Neisser, Albert. "War, Prostitution, and Venereal Diseases." Social Hygiene 3 (1917): 537-41. Originally published in Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1915.

Nelson, Kent. "An Army Motor Ambulance." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 151-68.

"A New Course of Instruction for the Army Hospital Corps." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 14 (1899): 375.

"News Item: Professor Esmarch on the Case of President Garfield." Medical News 4 (1882): 307-08.

"News of the Service: The Medical Department at Panama." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 18 (1906): 140-42.

"The New Surgeon General." Medical News 58 (1891): 51.

"New York Academy of Medicine: General Meeting, October 6, 1898." Medical Record 54 (1898): 566-68.

Nichols, Henry J. "Fact and Fancy About the Hookworm." Medical Record 65 (1911): 322-25.


457

----. "The Immediate Clinical Results of the Use of Salvarsan in the Army." Military Surgeon 30 (1912): 212-16.

----. "Possible Reasons for Lack of Protection After Antityphoid Vaccination." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 263-68.

----. "The Present Status of Salvarsan Therapy in Syphilis." Journal of the American Medical Association 58 (1912): 603-09.

----. "Report on the Bombay Medical Congress." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 172-79.

----. "The Simple and Double Continued Fevers of the Philippines." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 358-68.

Nichols, Henry J., and Andrews, Vernon L. "The Treatment of Asiatic Cholera During the Recent Epidemic." Philippine Journal of Science 4B (1909): 81-98.

Nichols, Henry J., and Phalen, James M. "The Work of the Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases in the Philippines." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 361-70.

"Obituary." Medical News 45 (1884): 249-50.

"Official Bulletin of the Autopsy on the Body of President Garfield." Medical Record 20 (1881): 364.

"The One Great Blot of the War." Medical Century 6 (1898): 278-79.

Osler, William. "An Address on the Haematozoa of Malaria." British Medical Journal 1 (1887): 556-62.

----. "The Disguises of Typhoid Fever." Maryland Medical Journal 36 (1897): 423-25.

----. "The Problem of Typhoid Fever in the United States." New York Medical Journal 70 (1899): 673-76.

----. "A Study of the Fevers of the South." Journal of the American Medical Association 26 (1896): 999-1006.

Otis, Elwell S. "The Army in Connection With the Labor Riots of 1877." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 5 (1884): 301-23.

Otis, George A. "Notes on the Contributions to the Army Medical Museum by Civil Practitioners." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 98 (1878): 163-69.

Owen, William O. "The Ideal Relation for the Medical Department of an Army." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 361-65.

----. "Relation of the Army Medical Corps and the Medical Reserve Corps to the Medical Corps of the Organized Militia." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 523-39.

----. "Some of the Trials and Tribulations of a Medical Officer of the United States Army." Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1900, pp. 388-93.

Park, William H. "Typhoid Bacilla Carriers." Journal of the American Medical Association 51 (1908): 981-82.

Pearson, Leonard. "Tetanus." American Veterinary Review 21 (1897): 380-86.


458

Peed, G. P. "A Guide To Facilitate the Organization and Administration of Independent Sanitary Commands in the Field." Military Surgeon 36 (1915): 241-53, 305-32.

Perry, J. C. "A Report on the Sanitary Condition of Colon and Panama, and the Isthmus Between These Points." Public Health Reports 19 (1904): 351-58.

Persons, Elbert E. "Medical Service With Philippine Scouts." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 705-10.

----. "Special Article: 'Field Service Regulations, United States Army, 1914,' and 'Organization Tables, United States Army, 1914'." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 401-10.

Peters, John C. "On Filth and Semi-filth Diseases." Medical Record 19 (1881): 625.

Pettey, George E. "The Heroin Habit Another Curse." Alabama Medical Journal 15 (1902-1903): 174-80.

Phalen, James M. "An Experiment With Orange-Red Underwear." Philippine Journal of Science 5B (1910): 525-46.

----. "The Teaching of Tropical Medicine." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 290-97.

----. "Vaccine Inoculation, Prophylactic and Curative of Typhoid Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 58 (1912): 9-11.

Phalen, James M., and Kilbourne, E. D. "The Bacteriology of an Epidemic of Bacillary Dysentery." Military Surgeon 26 (1910): 433-43.

Phalen, James M., and Nichols, Henry J. "Blastomycosis of the Skin in the Philippines." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 280-300.

----. "Tropical Diseases in the Philippines." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 462-68.

----. "The Work of the Army Board on Tropical Diseases as They Exist in the Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 132-38.

----. "The Work of the Board for the Study of Tropical Diseases in the Philippines." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 458-69.

Phelan, Henry du R. "Experiences in the San Francisco Disaster." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 19 (1906): 95.

----. "Sanitary Service in Surigao, a Filipino Town in the Island of Mindanao." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 1-18.

Phillips, Carl. "Problems of a National Guard Regimental Surgeon in a Maneuver Campaign." Military Surgeon 32 (1913): 65-69.

Pierson, Robert H. "Conditions of Military Surgery." Medical Sentinel 20 (1912): 71-84.

----. "Importance of Blood Pressure Readings in Annual Examinations of Field Officers." Military Surgeon 34 (1914): 458-60.

Pilcher, James E. "The Building of the Soldier." United Service n.s. 7 (1892): 321-37.


459

----. "The Place of Physical Training in the Military Service." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 170-78.

----. "The Uniform of the West Point Cadet." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 10 (1889): 479-87.

Pinkham, Edward W. "Tropical Abscess of the Liver." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 301-16.

----. "The Tropical Diseases of the Philippine Islands, With Especial Reference to Amebic Abscess of the Liver." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 60 (1907): 267-73.

"Portable Army Hospitals." Medical Record 54 (1898): 523.

Potter, Samuel O. L. "Notes on the Philippines." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 803-07.

Powell, Junius L. "Some Observations on the Organization and Efficiency of the Hospital Corps and Work of Medical Corps in Time of War." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 329-36.

Powell, William A. "Report on Camp Wilhelm, Tayabas, P.I." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 408-23.

"President Garfield's Case Again." Medical News 41 (1882): 128-30.

"Preparing the Medical Profession of the Country for War." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 74-76.

"The Prevention and Cure of Yellow Fever." Medical Record 54 (1898): 125.

"Professor Esmarch on the Case of President Garfield." Medical News 41 (1882): 294-95.

"Progress in Military Sanitation." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 14 (1899): 328-29.

"Public Health." Journal of the American Medical Association 22 (1894): 98-99.

"Public Health-Diphtheria Antitoxin." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 67.

"Public Health-Good Sanitary Results at Santiago de Cuba." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 868-69.

"The Radical Cure of Hernia." Journal of the American Medical Association 25 (1895): 506.

"The Rank and Pay of the Hospital Stewards of the Army." Medical Record 10 (1875): 670.

Ravenel, Mazyck P. "The Prophylaxis of Venereal Disease." Social Hygiene 3 (1917): 185-95.

Raymond, Henry I. "Ipecacuanha in Amebic Dysentery." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 46-54.

----. "What Is the Most Effective Organization of the American National Red Cross for War, and What Should Be Its Relation to the Medical Department of the Army and Navy." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 153-87.


460

Raymond, Henry I., and Wolfe, Edwin P. "Duties of Medical Supply Officers and Their Methods." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 1-21, 150-55, 288-92, 398-404.

Reasoner, Matthew A. "The Effect of Soap Upon Treponema Pallidum." Journal of the American Medical Association 68 (1917): 973-74.

Reasoner, Matthew A., and Matson, Ray W. "The Treatment of Syphilis." Medical Sentinel 19 (1911): 734-43.

"The Red Cross and the Army." Medical Record 54 (1898): 125-26.

Reed, Charles A. L. "Isthmian Sanitation-The Panama Canal Mismanagement: Report to the Government Showing How the Commission Makes Efficient Sanitation Impossible." Journal of the American Medical Association 44 (1905): 812-18.

Reed, Walter. "The Propagation of Yellow Fever: Observations Based on Recent Researches." Medical Record 60 (1901): 201-09.

----. "Recent Researches Concerning the Etiology, Propagation, and Prevention of Yellow Fever by the United States Army Commission." Journal of Hygiene 2 (1902): 101-19.

----. "Typhoid Fever in the District of Columbia." Part III (A). "Diagnosis: The Value of Widal's Test, the Dried Blood Method." National Medical Review 7 (1897): 144-46.

Reed, Walter, and Carroll, James. "A Comparative Study of the Biological Characters and Pathogenesis of Bacillus X (Sternberg), Bacillus Icteroides (Sanarelli), and the Hog-Cholera Bacillus (Salmon and Smith)." Journal of Experimental Medicine 5 (1900): 215-70.

----. "The Prevention of Yellow Fever." Medical Record 60 (1901): 641-49.

----. ----. Public Health Papers and Reports 27 (1901): 113-29.

----. "The Specific Cause of Yellow Fever: A Reply to Dr. G. Sanarelli." Medical News 75 (1899): 321-29.

Reed, Walter; Carroll, James; and Agramonte, Aristides. "The Etiology of Yellow Fever: An Additional Note." Journal of the American Medical Association 36 (1901): 431-40.

----. "Experimental Yellow Fever." American Medicine 2 (1901): 15-23.

Reed, Walter; Carroll, James; Agramonte, Aristides; and Lazear, Jesse. "The Etiology of Yellow Fever: A Preliminary Note." Philadelphia Medical Journal 6 (1900): 790-96.

Reno, William W. "The Sanitary Officer." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 153-61.

----. "The Wheel Litter Travois." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 175-92.

"Report of the Chief, Bureau of Militia Affairs, 1915." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 215-38.

"Report of the Surgeon-General of the Army." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 118.

"Reprints and Translations: Disease Among Our Troops at the Front." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 163-66.


461

"The Responsibility of the Army Medical Department." Medical Record 54 (1898): 450-51.

Reyburn, Robert. "Clinical History of the Case of President Garfield." Journal of the American Medical Association 22 (1894): 411-17, 460-64, 498-502, 545-49, 578-82, 621-24, 664-68.

Richard, Charles. "The Army Hospital Train During the Spanish-American War." Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1899, pp. 196-202.

Richards, R. L. "The Importance of Alcohol, Heat, and Acute Infectious Diseases Occurring in the United States Army in the Past Ten Years." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 614-26.

Richardson, G. W. "Intestinal Fever, Causes and Prevention." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 815-17.

Richardson, Mark W. "On the Bacteriological Examination of the Stools in Typhoid Fever and Its Value in Diagnosis." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 137 (1897): 433-37.

Roberts, William W. "Report on an African Trip." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 310-30.

Robertson, Oswald H. "Transfusion With Preserved Red Blood Cells." British Medical Journal 1 (1918): 691-95.

Roosevelt, Theodore. "General Wood's Early Life." Journal of the American Medical Association 32 (1899): 431-32. .

----. "President Roosevelt on Army Medical Reorganization." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 16 (1905): 133-43.

----. "The Rough Riders." Scribner's Magazine 25 (1899): 3-20, 131-51, 259-77, 420-40, 565-85, 677-93.

Ross, John W. "Outline of the Organization of the Department of Health of the Isthmian Canal Commission, Isthmus of Panama." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 15 (1904): 418-26.

Rucker, William C. "The Relation of the Military and Naval Forces of the United States to Public Health." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 333-60.

Ruffner, E. L. "The Private Sanitary Filipino Scout." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 410-13.

Russell, Frederick F. "Antityphoid Vaccination." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 146 (1913): 803-33.

----. "Anti-typhoid Vaccination in the American Army." Journal of the American Public Health Association n.s. 1 (1911): 473-79.

----. "The Experience of the German Colonial Army With Anti-typhoid Vaccination." Military Surgeon 24 (1909): 53-56.

----. "Laboratories in the Army." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 717-18.

----. "The Prevention of Typhoid Fever by Vaccination and by Early Diagnosis and Isolation." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 24 (1901): 479-518.


462

----. "Progress in Antityphoid Vaccination During 1912." Journal of the American Medical Association 61 (1913): 666-69.

----. "The Results of Two Seasons Anti-malarial Work." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 157-61.

Russell, Ira. "Opium Inebriety." Medico-Legal Journal 5 (1887): 144-52.

Rutherford, Henry H. "Experiences of an Army Medical Officer During the San Francisco Earthquake." Military Surgeon 79 (1936): 207-15.

Safford, H. E. "The Present Status of the X-ray in Diagnosis." Physician and Surgeon 20 (1898): 538-44.

"Salvarsan." Southern Medical Journal 4 (1911-1912): 177-79.

Sanarelli, Guiseppe. "Some Observations and Controversial Remarks on the Specific Cause of Yellow Fever." Medical News 75 (1899): 193-99.

"Sanarelli and the Pathogenic Role of the Bacillus Icteroides." Medical News 75 (1899): 209-10.

"Sanarelli's Bacillus Not the Cause of Yellow Fever." Medical News 75 (1899): 119.

Schauffler, W. G. "Report of Medical Service School, New Jersey." Military Surgeon 35 (1914): 531-34.

Schuppert, M. "A Review of the Treatment and Death of James A. Garfield, Late President of the United States." Gaillard's Medical Journal 32 (1881): 494-519.

"Science Schools and Museums in America." Nature 2 (1870): 289-90.

Seaman, Louis L. "Lessons for America in the Japanese Army Medical Service." American Monthly Review of Reviews 32 (1905): 584-86.

----. "Some of the Triumphs of Scientific Medicine in Peace and War in Foreign Lands, With Suggestions Upon the Necessity of Important Changes in the Organization of the Medical Department of the United States Army." New York Medical Journal 87 (1908): 335-43.

----. "The U.S. Army Ration, and Its Adaptability for Use in Tropical Climates." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 24 (1899): 375-97.

Seamen, Gilbert E. "Some Observations of a Medical Officer in the Philippines." Milwaukee Medical Journal 10 (1902): 181-89.

Senn, Nicholas. "Abdominal Surgery on the Battlefield." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 1-21.

----. The Invasion of Porto Rico From a Medical Standpoint." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 594-99.

----. "The Medical Department of the Army." Medical Record 54 (1898): 214-15.

----. "Qualifications and Duties of Military Surgeons." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 503-08. .

----. "Recent Experiences in Military Surgery After the Battle of Santiago." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1164-71, 1239-42.

----. ----. Medical Record 54 (1898): 145-50.


463

----. "The Returning Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 3 (1898): 652-54.

----. "Surgical Diseases of the Spanish-American War." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1419-20.

----. "Typhoid Fever in the Porto Rican Campaign." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 599-604.

----. "The X-ray in Military Surgery." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 36-37.

Shafter, William R. "The Capture of Santiago de Cuba." Century 57 (1899): 612-30.

Shapiro, Louis. "Umbilical Tetanus." Bulletin of the Manila Medical Society 2 (1910): 245-46.

Shattuck, Frederick C. "Some Thoughts on Medical Education." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 142 (1900): 529-34.

----. "Specialism: The Laboratory and Practical Medicine." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 136 (1897): 613-17.

Shockley, M. A. W. "The Correspondence Course for Officers of the Medical Reserve Corps." Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 64-67.

Shrady, George F. "The Medical Staff of the Army." Medical Record 14 (1878): 174-75.

----. "Surgical and Pathological Reflections on President Garfield's Wound." Medical Record 20 (1881): 404-06.

Siler, Joseph F. "Major-General William Crawford Gorgas." American Journal of Tropical Medicine 2 (1922): 161-71.

Siler, Joseph F., and Cole, C. L. "The Prevalence of Hookworm Disease in the Fourth Texas Infantry, First Mississippi Infantry and First Alabama Cavalry Regiments." Military Surgeon 41 (1917): 77-99.

Siler, Joseph F., and Garrison, Philip E. "An Intensive Study of the Epidemiology of Pellagra: Report of Progress." American Journal of the Medical Sciences 146 (1913): 42-66, 238-77.

Siler, Joseph F.; Hall, M. W.; and Hitchens, A. P. "Results Obtained in the Transmission of Dengue Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 84 (1925): 1163-72.

Simmons, James S., and St. John, Joe H. "The Prevalence and Distribution of Malaria on the Island of Corregidor, Philippine Islands." Military Surgeon 64 (1929): 710-33.

Slee, Richard. "The Veterans' Reunion at Gettysburg: A Sketch of the Medical Sick Written by One Who Was There." American Journal of Clinical Medicine 20 (1913): 723-32.

Smart, Charles. "The Army Medical Museum and the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 577-80.

----. "Correspondence: The Medical Department of the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 546-47.


464

----. "On Mountain Fever and Malarious Waters." American Journal of the Medical Sciences n.s. 75 (1878): 17-43.

----. "Transportation of Wounded in War." Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1894, pp. 22-44.

----. "The Vital Statistics of the War." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1252-53.

Smart, Robert. "Military Hygiene: Its Theoretical and Practical Study in the Regular Army and Militia Forces." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 35-47.

Smith, Henry H. "The Appendix Vermiformis: Its Function, Pathology and Treatment." Journal of the American Medical Association 10 (1888): 707-13.

Smith, Lloyd L. "Syphilis as a Cause of Mental Disease in the Military Service." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 447-58, 561-73.

Smith, Louis P. "Correspondence: The Medical Department of the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 477-78.

Smith, William F. "Sanitation in Puerto Rico." Public Health Papers and Reports 27 (1901): 166-74.

Snow, William F. "The Control of Venereal Diseases." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 720-22.

"The Soldier and the Medical Department of the Army." Medical Record 54 (1898): 233.

"Some of the Medical Lessons of the War." Medical Record 54 (1898): 485-86.

Southard, W. F. "Opening of the New Military Hospital at the Presidio, July 9, 1899." Pacific Medical Journal 42 (1899): 454-64.

Stanton, S. C. "The Sparta Encampment." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 107-16.

Sternberg, George M. "The Address of the President." Journal of the American Medical Association 30 (1898): 1373-80.

----. "The Bacillus Icteroides as the Cause of Yellow Fever: A Reply to Professor Sanarelli." Medical News 75 (1899): 225-28, 767-68.

----. "Bacillus Icteroides (Sanarelli) and Bacillus X (Sternberg)." Journal of the American Medical Association 30 (1898): 233-34.

----. "The Bacillus of Typhoid Fever." Medical News 49 (1886): 197-202.

----. "The Bacillus of Typhoid Fever (Typhus Bacillus of Eberth)." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 1 (1886): 193-205.

----. "Bacteria and the Germ Theory of Disease." Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of California 12 (1882): 193-98.

----. "The Biological Characteristics of the Cholera Spirillum-Spirillum Cholerae Asiaticae (Comma Bacillus of Koch)-and Disinfection in Cholera." Medical Record 42 (1892): 387-91.

----. "The History and Etiology of Bubonic Plague." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 809-15.

----. "How Can We Prevent Cholera?" Medico-Legal Journal 11 (1893):1-8.


465

----. "An Inquiry Into the Modus Operandi of the Yellow Fever Poison." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal n.s. 3 (1875): 1-23.

----. "An Inquiry Into the Nature of the Yellow Fever Poison, With an Account of the Disease as It Occurred at Governor's Island, New York Harbor." American Journal of the Medical Sciences n.s. 65 (1873): 398-406.

----. "An Instructive Experiment." Medical Record 22 (1881): 339-40.

----. "The Malarial Germ of Laveran." Medical Record 29 (1886): 498-93, 517-22.

----. "The Medical Department of the Army." Medical Record 54 (1898): 213-14.

----. "The Microscopical Investigations of the Havana Yellow Fever Commission." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal n.s. 7 (1880): 1017-24.

----. "Practical Results of Bacteriological Researches." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 7 (1892): 68-86.

----. "Protective Inoculations in Infectious Diseases." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 128 (1893): 29-34, 56-59.

----. "Recent Researches Relating to the Etiology of Yellow Fever." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 3 (1888): 321-29.

----. "Report on Yellow Fever Cases." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 8 (1880): 482-87.

----. "Sanitary Lessons of the War." Journal of the American Medical Association 32 (1899): 1287-94.

----. "Sanitary Problems Connected With the Construction of the Isthmian Canal." North American Review 175 (1902): 378-87.

----. "Science and Pseudo-science in Medicine." Science n.s. 5 (1897): 199-206.

----. "Special Report to National Board of Health: Experimental Investigations Relating to the Etiology of Malarial Fevers." Bulletin of the United States National Board of Health, supp. 14, 3 (1881-1882): 1-11.

----. "A Study of the Natural History of Yellow Fever and Some Remarks Upon the Treatment Based Upon the Same, With Cases and Tables of Observations Upon the Temperature and Urine." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal n.s. 4 (1877): 638-74.

----. "The Thermal Death Point of Pathogenic Organisms." American Journal of Medical Science n.s. 94 (1887): 146-60.

----. "The Value of Carbolic Acid as a Germicide, as Established by Experimental Data." Medical Record 22 (1882): 314-17.

----. "Yellow Fever Etiology." Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 1039-40.

Stiles, Charles W. "Insects as Disseminators of Disease." Sanitarian 47 (1901): 1-13.

Stone, J. Hamilton. "Remarks Suggested by Three Years' Service in Cuba." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 12 (1903): 317-31.


466

----. "Our Troops in the Tropics-From a Surgeon's Standpoint." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 26 (1900): 358-69.

Stone, Witmer. "Samuel Washington Woodhouse." Proceedings of the Delaware Valley Ornithological Club 8 (1904): 4.

Straub, Paul F. "Medical Service in the Campaign." Military Surgeon 25 (1909): 675-704.

----. "Sanitation of the Maneuver Camp at San Antonio, Texas." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 607-30.

----. "The Training of Sanitary Troops." Military Surgeon 28 (1911): 359-76.

Strong, Richard P. "The Bureau of Government Laboratories for the Philippine Islands." American Medicine 5 (1903): 665-67.

----. "The Investigations Carried on by the Biological Laboratory in Relation to the Suppression of the Recent Cholera Outbreak in Manila." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 413-39.

----. "The Opportunities and Needs of the American Student and Investigator in Tropical Medicine: President's Address." Transactions of the American Society of Tropical Medicine 9 (1914): 15-27.

----. "Protective Inoculation Against Plague." Journal of Medical Research 18 (1908): 325-46.

----. "Studies in Plague Immunity." Philippine Journal of Science 2B (1907): 155-331.

----. "Tropical Medicine." Bulletin of the Manila Medical Society 2 (1910): 9-11.

----. "Vaccination Against Plague." Philippine Journal of Science 1B (1906): 181-90.

Strong, Richard P., and Musgrave, W. E. "The Bacillus of Philippine Dysentery." Journal of the American Medical Association 35 (1900): 498-500.

"Summary." Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal 17 (1874-1875): 299-300.

"The Surgeon General of the Army and His Critics." New York Medical Journal 68 (1898): 820-22.

"Surgeon General Sternberg." Journal of the American Medical Association 38 (1902): 1011-12.

Surgical Section, Suffolk District Medical Society. "The Treatment of Appendicitis." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 127 (1892): 118-21.

Sutton, Richard L. "The Diseases of the Isthmian Canal Zone." Medical Record 67 (1905): 41-44.

"Syphilis of the Innocent." Medicine 11 (1905): 524-26.

Tenney, Elmer S. "Some Observations on the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in the Philippine Islands." Transactions of the American Society of Tropical Medicine 8 (1913): 69-73.

Terriberry, William S. "The Medical Service in the Organized Militia." New York Medical Journal 103 (1916): 398-99.


467

Thomas, Benjamin. "Status of Therapy by Antigonococcus Serum, Gonococcus Bacterin and Pyocyaneus Bacteria." Journal of the American Medical Association 54 (1910): 258-60.

Thomason, Henry D. "Personal Experience With Spinal Anesthesia, and Its Application to Military Surgery." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 19 (1906): 272-97.

----. "Sanitary Troops in the Organized Militia of the United States." Military Surgeon 29 (1911): 511-26.

Thompson, W. Gilman. "Notes on the Observation of Malarial Organisms in Connection With Enteric Fever." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 9 (1894): 110-27.

Thornburgh, Robert M. "The Treatment of Amebic Dysentery." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 55-59.

Todd, L. L. "The Therapeutic Properties of Opium." Transactions of the Indiana State Medical Association 20 (1877): 79-87.

[Toner, J. M.] "Necrology [Joseph Janvier Woodward]." Journal of the American Medical Association 3 (1884): 249-51.

Torney, George H. "The Army and Navy General Hospital at Hot Springs, Arkansas." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 14 (1904): 345-52.

"To Select Camps in Cuba for the Army of Occupation." Medical Record 54 (1898): 524.

"Tours of Duty in the Army Medical Service." Journal of the American Medical Association 24 (1895): 145-46.

"Trained Female Nurses for the Army." Journal of the American Medical Association 32 (1899): 329.

"Training School for Nurses in the Johns Hopkins Hospital." Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 1 (1889): 15.

"Transports Under the Care of the Marine Hospital Service." Medical Record 54 (1898): 236-37.

"The Treatment of Acute Dysentery." Medical Record 54 (1898): 281.

"Tropical Diseases." Medical Record 54 (1898): 377.

Tullidge, E. Kilbourne. "Venereal Disease in the European Armies." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 49-53.

Turck, Raymond C. "Field Maneuvers of Divisional Sanitary Troops, Leon Springs, Texas, November 1916." Military Surgeon 40 (1917): 156-70.

Turnbull, Wilfrid. "Reminiscences of an Army Surgeon in Cuba and the Philippines." American Historical Collection 2 (1974): 31-49.

Turnipseed, E. B. "A Dissenting Voice From the Standpoints Taken by D. W. Bliss." Medical Record 20 (1881): 621.

Turrill, H. S. "Instruction of the Hospital Corps of the U.S. Army." Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1895, pp. 394-400.


468

"Typhoid Fever in the Cities and Towns of New York During the Last Decade, and Disinfection by Chlorination of Public Water Supplies in the State." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 172 (1905): 563-64.

Ullrich, J. Harry. "Sanitary Troops-State and Federal." Military Surgeon 37 (1915): 540-48.

"Uncinariasis: An Economic Question for Porto Rico." American Medicine 6 (1903): 422.

"Uncinariasis in Grenada and the Other Windward Islands." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 311.

"Value of Blood Examinations in Malarial and Typhoid Fevers." Medical Record 54 (1898): 746-47.

Vaughan, Victor C. "The Care of the Wounded at Santiago." Medical Record 54 (1898): 323-24.

----. "Some Remarks on Typhoid Fever Among Our Soldiers During the Late War With Spain." Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 14 (1899): 63-88.

Vedder, Edward B. "An Examination of the Stools of 100 Healthy Individuals, With Especial Reference to the Presence of Entamoeba Coli." Journal of the American Medical Association 46 (1906): 870-72.

----. "The Known and the Unknown With Regard to the Etiology and Prevention of Beriberi." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 368-79.

----. "Prevalence of Syphilis." Therapeutic Gazette 40 (1916): 308-12.

----. "What Measures Should Be Adopted for Effective Prevention of Unsanitary Conditions in the Early Stages of Volunteer Camps in Time of War?" Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 48 (1911): 313-57.

Vedder, Edward B., and Clark, Elbert. "A Study of Polyneuritis Gallinarum: A Fifth Contribution to the Etiology of Beriberi." Philippine Journal of Science 7B (1912): 423-58.

Vedder, Edward B., and Hough, William H. "The Prevalence of Syphilis Among the Patients of the Government Hospital for the Insane." Journal of the American Medical Association 64 (1915): 972-75.

Vedder, Edward B., and Williams, Robert R. "Concerning the Beriberi-preventing Substances or Vitamines Contained in Rice Polishings." Philippine Journal of Science 8B (1913): 175-95.

Villoldo, P. "Smallpox and Vaccination in Cuba." Public Health Reports 26 (1911): 495-99.

Wadhams, S. H. "Military Preparedness From the Medical Standpoint." Medical Record 89 (1916): 448.

Waldo, Fullerton L. "Panama: A Discussion of Present Conditions and the Prospect." Science n.s. 23 (1906): 769-73.

Walker, Ernest L. "Experimental Entamoebic Dysentery." Philippine Journal of Science 8B (1913): 253-330.

"War Articles: News of the Week." Medical News 73 (1898): 39-40.


469

Warbasse, James P. "Some Observations on the Treatment of Fractures." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 17 (1905): 255-61.

Warfield, Louis M. "Grave Anaemia due to Hook-worm Infection." Medical Record 66 (1904): 9-12.

Warner, M. D. "The Cultivation of the Plasmodium Malariae." New York Medical Journal 68 (1898): 835-40.

Warren, J. Collins. "The Case of President Garfield." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 105 (1881): 463-66.

Warren Joseph H. "Radical Cure for Hernia." Chicago Medical Review 2 (1880): 182-84.

Wasdin, Eugene. "The Etiology of Yellow Fever." Philadelphia Medical Journal 6 (1900): 950-52.

Washburn, Wickes. "Montauk Point and the Government Hospitals." Medical Record 54 (1898): 801-05.

Weisse, Faneuil D. "Surgico-anatomical Study of the Gunshot Wound of President Garfield." Medical Record 20 (1881): 402-03.

Welch, William H. "The Evolution of Modern Scientific Laboratories." Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 7 (1896): 19-24.

----. "President Welch, General Sternberg, and the Yellow Fever Commission." Journal of the American Medical Association 54 (1910): 1326.

----. "Principles Underlying the Serum Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever and the Methods of Its Application." Journal of the American Medical Association 29 (1897): 301-09.

----. "Some of the Conditions Which Have Influenced the Development of American Medicine, Especially During the Last Century." Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital 19 (1908): 33-40.

Wellcome, Henry S. "Observations on the Medical and Sanitary Department of the Panama Canal Commission During My Visits to the Isthmus the First Week in March and at the End of April and the Beginning of May, 1910." Military Surgeon 27 (1910): 1-13.

Wellington, William W. "Modern Medicine: Its Need and Its Tendency." Medical Communications of the Massachusetts Medical Society, ser. 2, 11, no. 7 (1874): 133-72.

"What About the Sanitary Private?" Military Surgeon 38 (1916): 325-29.

White, Charles S. "The Last Illness of Major Walter Reed." Medical Annals of the District of Columbia 24 (1955): 396-98.

White, J. William. "A Review of Some of the More Important Surgical Problems of President Garfield's Case." Medical News 40 (1882): 677-83.

Whitham, Jay D. "Paratyphoid Infections." Military Surgeon 39 (1916): 491-96.

Whitmore, Eugene R. "Antityphoid Vaccination." Pennsylvania Medical Journal 18 (1915): 258-66.

Wickline, William A. "The Effects of Tropical Climate on the White Race." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 282-89.


470

Wilkinson, H. Brookman. "Leprosy in the Philippines, With an Account of Its Treatment With the X-ray." Journal of the American Medical Association 46 (1906): 315-21.

Wilkinson, J. G. "Pellagra-Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment." Southern Medical Journal 4 (1911-1912): 607-10.

Williams, A. W. "Vaccination Against Typhoid in the U.S. Army." American Journal of the Medical Sciences n.s. 143 (1912): 352-56.

Williams, Robert R., and Saleeby, N. M. "Experimental Treatment of Human Beriberi With Constituents of Rice Polishings." Philippine Journal of Science 10B (1915): 99-118.

Winter, F. A. "Some Comments on the Disappearance of 'Potomac Malaria' at Fort Myer, Virginia." Military Surgeon 26 (1910): 309-18.

"A Woman Army Surgeon." Medical Record 54 (1898): 344.

Wood, Jr., H. C. "Medical Education in the United States." Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science 16 (1875): 703-11.

Wood, Leonard. "Santiago Since the Surrender." Scribner's Magazine 25 (1899): 515-27.

Woodbury, Frank T. "An Improvised Letter on Horseback." Military Surgeon 23 (1908): 25-28.

Woodhull, Alfred Alexander. "The Better Type of Medical Officer." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1897, pp. 340-46.

----. "Ipecacuanha in Dysentery." Military Surgeon 22 (1908): 114-15.

----. "Military Medical Problems." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1897, pp. 537-76.

----. "The Place of the Medical Department in the Army." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 11 (1890): 544-65.

----. "The Value of Ipecac in Dysentery." Therapeutic Gazette 26 (1902): 222-24.

Woodruff, Charles E. "Artificially Cooled Hospital Wards for Hot Weather." Bulletin of the Manila Medical Society 2 (1910): 17-18.

----. "The Causes of the Explosion Effect of Modern Small Caliber Bullets." New York Medical Journal 67 (1898): 593-601.

----. "Correspondence." Bulletin of the Manila Medical Society 2 (1911): 250-51.

----. "Emergency Rations." Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1896, pp. 309-44.

----. "Military Medical Problems." Transactions of the Third Annual Meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the National Guard of the United States, 1893, pp. 220-38.

----. "The Soldier in the Tropics: His Food, Alcohol, and Acclimatization." Philadelphia Medical Journal 5 (1900): 768-82.


471

Woodruff, Charles E., and Woodbury, Frank T. "The Prevention of Disease in the Army and the Best Method of Accomplishing That Result." Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 19 (1906): 1-37.

Woodson, R. S. "Smallpox in Cuba." Journal of the American Medical Association 31 (1898): 1466-68.

Woodward, Joseph J. "The Army Medical Museum of Washington." Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science 7 (1871): 233-42.

----. "Brief Rejoinder to Some Recent Articles by Dr. Roberts Bartholow." Cincinnati Medical News 10 (1877): 743-49.

----. "Obituary: Otis." American Journal of the Medical Sciences n.s. 82 (1881): 278-84.

----. "On Photo-micrography With the Highest Powers, as Practiced in the Army Medical Museum." American Journal of Science and the Arts 92 (September 1866): 189-95.

----. "Typho-malarial Fever: Is It a Special Type of Fever?" Transactions of the International Medical Congress of Philadelphia, 1876, pp. 305-40.

Woolley, Paul G. "Rinderpest." Philippine Journal of Science 1B (1906): 577-616.

Wyeth, John M. "The Value of Clinical Microscopy, Bacteriology and Chemistry in Surgical Practice." Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 144 (1901): 541-47.

"The Yellow Fever." Medical Record 54 (1898): 128.

"Yellow Fever and the Panama Canal." Medical Record 63 (1903): 580.

"Yellow Fever Hospital at Santiago Closed." Medical News 73 (1898): 628-29.

Young, Charles S. "The Advantages Accruing to the National Guard From Tours of Duty With the Regular Establishment, Like That at Sparta, Wisconsin, in 1912." Military Surgeon 32 (1913): 58-64.

Secondary Books

Abrahamson, James L. America Arms for a New Century: The Making of a Great Military Power. New York: Free Press, 1981.

Ackerknecht, Erwin H. A Short History of Medicine. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1955.

Amos, Preston E. Above and Beyond in the West: Black Medal of Honor Winners, 1870-1890. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Corral, the Westerners, 1974.

Ashburn, Percy M. A History of the Medical Department of the United States Army. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., Riverside Press, 1929.

Bailey, Lynn R. Bosque Redondo: An American Concentration Camp. Pasadena, Calif.: Socio-Technical Books, 1970.

Baldry, Peter. The Battle Against Bacteria: A Fresh Look. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1976.


472

Baldwin, Hanson W. World War I: An Outline History. New York: Harper and Row, 1962.

Bannister, Robert C. Social Darwinism: Science and Myth in Anglo-American Social Thought. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979.

Bantug, Jose P. A Short History of Medicine in the Philippines During the Spanish Regime, 1565-1898. Manila: Colegio Medico-Farmaceutico de Filipinas, 1953.

Bayne-Jones, Stanhope. The Evolution of Preventive Medicine in the United States Army, 1607-1939. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, 1968.

Bean, William B. Walter Reed: A Biography. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1982.

Bearss, Edwin C., and Gibson, Arrell. Fort Smith: Little Gibraltar on the Arkansas. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.

Bentley, George R. A History of the Freedmen's Bureau. New York: Octagon Books, 1974.

Bernardo, C. Joseph, and Bacon, Eugene H. American Military Policy: Its Development Since 1775. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole, 1955.

Bispham, William N. Malaria: Its Treatment and Prophylaxis. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1944.

Blake, John B., ed. Centenary of Index Medicus, 1879-1979. Bethesda, Md.: Department of Health and Human Services, 1980.

Bonner, Thomas N. American Doctors and German Universities: A Chapter in International Intellectual Relations, 1870-1914. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1963.

Bowers, John Z., and Purcell, Elizabeth P., eds. Advances in American Medicine: Essays at the Bicentennial. 2 vols. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation, 1976.

Bradbury, Savile. The Evolution of the Microscope. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1967.

Braddy, Haldeen. Pershing's Mission in Mexico. El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1966.

Brandt, Allan M. No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States Since 1880. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Bratt, John. Trails of Yesterday. 1921. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980.

Brieger, Gert H. "The Development of Surgery: Historical Aspects Important in the Origin and Development of Modern Surgical Science." In Davis-Christopher Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice, edited by David C. Sabiston, Jr., pp. 1-22. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1981.

----, ed. Medical America in the Nineteenth Century: Readings From the Literature. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1972.


473

----. Theory and Practice in American Medicine. New York: Science History Publications, 1976.

Brooks, Stewart M. Our Murdered Presidents: The Medical Story. New York: Frederick Fell, 1966.

Brown, Dee. Fort Phil Kearny. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1962.

Brown, Fred R. History of the Ninth U.S. Infantry, 1799-1909. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley and Sons, 1909.

Brown, Percy. American Martyrs to Science Through the Roentgen Rays. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, 1936.

Bullard, Robert L. Personalities and Reminiscences of the Great War. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1925.

Bulloch, William. The History of Bacteriology. London: Oxford University Press, 1938.

Bunge, Frederica M., ed. Philippines: A Country Study. 3d ed. Washington, D. C.: Department of the Army, 1984.

Burrow, James G. Organized Medicine in the Progressive Era: The Move Toward Monopoly. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Busvine, J. R. Insects: Hygiene and History. London: Athlone Press, University of London, 1976.

Carroll, John M., ed. The Medal of Honor. Bryan, Tex.: Privately published, 1979.

Carter, William G. H. The Life of Lieutenant General Chaffee. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1917.

Cassedy, James H. American Medicine and Statistical Thinking, 1800-1860. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984.

----. Medicine in America: A Short History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Cassel, Jay. The Secret Plague: Venereal Disease in Canada, 1838-1939. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Castiglione, Arturo. A History of Medicine. Translated by E. B. Krumbhaar. 2d rev. ed. and enl. New York: Knopf, 1947.

Chambers, John S. The Conquest of Cholera: America's Greatest Scourge. New York: Macmillan Co., 1938.

Clark, Paul E. Pioneer Microbiologists of America. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1961.

Clarke, Charles W. Taboo: The Story of the Pioneers of Social Hygiene. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1961.

Clendenen, Clarence C. Blood on the Border: The United States Army and the Mexican Irregulars. [New York]: Macmillan Co., 1969.

----. The United States and Pancho Villa: A Study in Unconventional Diplomacy. 1961. Reprint. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1972.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. Insects and History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1976.


474

Coakley, Robert W. The Role of Federal Miltiary Forces in Domestic Disorders 1789-1878. Washington, D.C.: U.S.      Army Center of Military History, 1988.

Coffman, Edward M. The Old Army: A Portrait of the American Army in Peacetime, 1784-1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

----. The War To End All Wars: The American Military Experience in World War I. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Conn, Harold J. Biological Stains. 6th ed. Geneva, N.Y.: Biotech Publications, 1953.

Conniff, Michael L. Black Labor on a White Canal: Panama, 1904-1981. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985.

Cooper, Jerry M. The Army and Civil Disorder: Federal Military Intervention in Labor Disputes, 1877-1900. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Corner, George W. A History of the Rockefeller Institute, 1901-1953: Origins and Growth. New York: Rockefeller Institute Press, 1964.

Cosmas, Graham A. An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1971.

----. "San Juan Hill and El Caney, 1-2 July 1898." In America's First Battles, 1776-1965, edited by Charles E. Heller and William A. Stofft, pp. 109-48. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1986.

Courtwright, David T. Dark Paradise: Opiate Addiction in America Before 1940. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982.

Curtin, Philip D. Death by Migration: Europe's Encounter With the Tropical World in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1989.

Cutright, Paul R., and Brodhead, Michael J. Elliott Coues: Naturalist and Frontier Historian. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Daniels, George H., ed. Nineteenth-Century American Science: A Reappraisal. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1972.

Debo, Angie. Geronimo: The Man, His Time, His Place. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976.

Delaporte, Francois. The History of Yellow Fever: An Essay on the Birth of Tropical Medicine. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1971.

Department of the Army, Office of the Surgeon General. Communicable Diseases: Malaria. Edited by Ebbe Curtis Hoff. Preventive Medicine, vol. 6, Medical Department of the United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1963.

Derthick, Martha. The National Guard in Politics. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.

Deutrich, Mabel E. Struggle for Supremacy: The Career of General Fred C. Ainsworth. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1962.

Deutsch, Albert. "Military Psychiatry: The Civil War." In One Hundred Years of American Psychiatry, edited by J. K. Hall, pp. 367-84. New York: Columbia University Press for American Psychiatric Association, 1944.


475

Dowling, Harry F. Fighting Infection: Conquests of the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977.

Downey, Fairfax. Indian Wars of the U.S. Army, 1776-1865. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co., 1963.

Duffy, John. The Healers: The Rise of the Medical Establishment. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.

----. The Sanitarians: A History of American Public Health. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

DuVal, Jr., Miles P. And the Mountains Will Move: The Story of the Building of the Panama Canal. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1947.

Ekirch, Arthur A. The Civilian and the Military. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.

Etheridge, Elizabeth W. The Butterfly Caste: A Social History of Pellagra in the South. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Co., 1972.

Ettling, John. The Germ of Laziness: Rockefeller Philanthropy and Public Health in the New South. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Farley, John. Bilharzia: A History of Imperial Tropical Medicine. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1991.

Fellman, Anita C., and Fellman, Michael. Making Sense of Self: Medical Advice Literature in Late Nineteenth Century America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.

Ferrer, M. Irene, ed. Cold Injury: Transactions of the First Conference, June 4-5, 1951. New York: Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation, 1952.

Finnegan, John P. Against the Specter of a Dragon: The Campaign for American Military Preparedness, 1914-1917. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974.

Flexner, Simon, and Flexner, James T. William Welch and the Heroic Age of American Medicine. New York: Viking Press, 1941.

Foner, Jack D. The United States Soldier Between Two Wars: Army Life and Reforms, 1865-1898. New York: Humanities Press, 1970.

Ford, William W. Bacteriology. Clio Medica. New York: Harper and Bros., Paul B. Hoeber, [1939].

Foster, Gaines M. The Demands of Humanity: Army Medical Disaster Relief. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1983.

Foster, William D. A History of Medical Bacteriology and Immunology. London: William Neinemann, 1970.

----. A History of Parasitology. Edinburgh: E. and S. Livingstone, 1965.

Franklin, John H. Reconstruction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Furman, Bess. A Profile of the United States Public Health Service, 1798-1948. Washington, D.C.: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1973.

Garrison, Fielding H. An Introduction to the History of Medicine. 3d rev. ed. and enl. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1921.

----. Notes on the History of Military Medicine. Reprint [from Military Surgeon]. Washington, D.C.: Association of Military Surgeons, 1922.


476

Gates, John M. Schoolbooks and Krags: The United States Army in the Philippines, 1898-1902. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Gevitz, Norman. Other Healers: Unorthodox Medicine in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Gibson, John M. Physician to the World. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1950.

----. Soldier in White: The Life of General George Miller Sternberg. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1958.

Gillett, Mary C. The Army Medical Department, 1775-1818. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1981.

----. The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1987.

Ginger, Ray. Age of Excess: The United States From 1877 to 1914. New York: Macmillan Co., 1965.

Goode, Paul R. The United States Soldier's Home: A History of the First Hundred Years. Privately published, 1975.

Gordon, Linda. Woman's Body, Woman's Right: A Social History of Birth Control in America. New York: Viking Press, Grossman Publishers, 1976.

Gorham, Frederic P. "The History of Bacteriology and Its Contribution to Public Health Work." In A Half Century of Public Health, edited by Mazyck P. Ravenel, pp. 66-93. New York: American Public Health Assoc., 1921.

Gray, John S. Centennial Campaign: The Sioux War of 1876. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988.

Green, Constance McL. Washington: Village and Capital, 1800-1878. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962.

Hagedorn, Hermann. Leonard Wood: A Biography. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Bros., 1931.

Haller, Jr., John S. American Medicine in Transition, 1840-1910. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Harden, Victoria A. Inventing the NIH: Federal Biomedical Research Policy, 1887-1987. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Harrison, Gordon. Mosquitoes, Malaria, and Man: A History of the Hostilities Since 1880. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1978.

Hart, Herbert M. Old Forts of the Northwest. Seattle: Superior Publishing Co., 1963.

Harvey, A. McGehee. Research and Discovery in Medicine: Contributions From Johns Hopkins. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Havens, Jr., W. Paul, ed. Infectious Diseases and General Medicine. Medical Department, United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, 1968.

Heard, Isaac V. D. History of the Sioux War and Massacres of 1862 and 1863. New York: Harper and Bros., 1864.

Henry, Robert S. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology: Its First Century, 1862-1962. Washington, D.C: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of theArmy, 1964.


477

Hewes, James E. From Root to McNamara: Army Organization and Administration, 1900-1963. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1975.

Hill, Hibbert W. The New Public Health. New York: Macmillan Co., 1920.

Hume, Edgar Erskine. The Golden Jubilee of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Association of Military Surgeons, 1941.

----. Ornithologists of the United States Army Medical Corps. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1942.

----. Victories of Army Medicine: Scientific Accomplishments of the Medical Department of the United States Army. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1943.

Hunt, Elvid. History of Fort Leavenworth, 1827-1927. Edited by Walter Ernest Florence. Leavenworth, Kans.: General Services Schools Press, 1937.

Huston, James A. The Sinews of War: Army Logistics, 1775-1953. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, United States Army, 1966.

Hutton, Paul A. Phil Sheridan and His Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

Ileto, Reynaldo C. "Cholera and the Origins of the American Sanitary Order in the Philippines." In Imperial Medicine and Indigenous Societies, edited by David Arnold, pp. 125-48. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Israel, Jerry, ed. Building the Organizational Society: Essays on Associational Activities in Modern America. New York: Free Press, 1972.

Isselbacher, Kurt J.; Adams, Raymond D.; Braunwald, Eugene; Petersdorf, Robert G.; and Wilson, Jean D. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1980.

Karnow, Stanley. In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines. New York: Random House, 1989.

Karsten, Peter. "Armed Progressives: The Military Reorganizes for the American Century." In The Military in America From the Colonial Era to the Present, edited by Peter Karsten, pp. 229-71. New York: Free Press, 1980.

Kaufman, Martin. Homeopathy in America: The Rise and Fall of a Medical Heresy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.

Kean, B. H.; Mott, Kenneth W.; and Russell, Adair J., eds. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology: Classic Investigations. 2 vols. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Kennedy, John C. The Great Earthquake and Fire: San Francisco, 1906. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1963.

King, Lester. The Growth of Medical Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Kriedberg, Marvin A., and Henry, Merton G. History of Military Mobilization in the United States Army, 1775-1945. DA Pamphlet No. 20-212. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 1955.

Lane, Jack C. Armed Progressive: General Leonard Wood. San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1978.

----, ed. Chasing Geronimo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1970.


478

Laurie, Clayton D., and Cole, Ronald H. The Role of Federal Military Forces in Domestic Disorders, 1878-1945. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, forthcoming.

Leech, Margaret. In the Days of McKinley. New York: Harper and Bros., 1959.

Lewis, George G., and Mewha, John. History of Prisoner of War Utilization by the United States Army, 1776-1945. DA Pamphlet No. 20-213. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 1955.

Lim, Genny, ed. The Chinese American Experience: Papers From the Second National Conference on Chinese American Studies (1980). San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America and the Chinese Culture Center, n.d.

Linn, Brian McA. The U.S. Army and Counterinsurgency in the Philippine War, 1899-1902. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Link, Mae M., and Coleman, Hubert A. Medical Support of the Army Air Forces in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Air Force, 1955.

Lockwood, Frank C. The Apache Indians. New York: Macmillan Co., 1938.

Long, Esmond R. A History of American Pathology. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, 1962.

Ludmerer, Kenneth M. Learning To Heal: The Development of the American Medical Educator. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

McCullough, David. The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977.

McGillycuddy, Julia B. McGillycuddy, Agent. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1941.

MacLeod, Roy, and Lewis, Milton, eds. Disease, Medicine, and Empire: Perspectives on Western Medicine and the Experience of European Expansion. London: Routledge, 1988.

MacMahon, Edward B., and Curry, Leonard. Medical Cover-ups in the White House. Washington, D.C.: Farragut Co.,      1987.

Macpherson, Kerrie L. A Wilderness of Marshes: The Origins of Public Health in Shanghai, 1843-1893. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

MacThomas, Gordon, and Witts, Max M. The San Francisco Earthquake. New York: Stein and Day, 1971.

Mahon, John K. History of the Militia and the National Guard. Edited by Louis Morton. Macmillan Wars of the United States. New York: Macmillan Co., 1983.

Major, Ralph H. Fatal Partners: War and Disease. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1941.

Manson-Bahr, P. E. C., and Bell, D. R. Manson's Tropical Diseases. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Balliere Tindall, 1987.

Marshall, S. L. A. Crimsoned Prairie: The Wars Between the United States and the Plains Indians During the Winning of the West. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1972.

Matloff, Maurice, ed. American Military History. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army, 1969.


479

Maxwell, William Q. Lincoln's Fifth Wheel: The Political History of the United States Sanitary Commission. New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1956.

May, Glenn A. Battle for Batangas: A Philippine Province at War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.

Miles, Wyndham D. A History of the National Library of Medicine: The Nation's Treasury of Medical Knowledge. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1982.

A Military History of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1881-1963. N.p., n.d.

Miller, Darlis A. Soldiers and Settlers: Military Supply in the Southwest, 1861-1885. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989.

Miller, Stuart C. 'Benevolent Assimilation': The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Millett, Allan R. The Politics of Intervention: The Military Occupation of Cuba, 1906-1909. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1968.

Millis, Walter. The Martial Spirit: A Study of Our War With Spain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., Riverside Press, 1931.

----. Arms and Men: A Study in American Military History. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1956.

Morgan, H. Wayne. William McKinley and His America. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1963.

----, ed. Yesterday's Addicts: American Society and Drug Abuse. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1974.

Morison, Samuel E., and Commager, Henry S. The Growth of the American Republic. 5th rev. ed. and enl. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Mowry, George E. The Era of Theodore Roosevelt and the Birth of Modern America, 1900-1912. New York: Harper and Row, Harper Torchbooks, 1958.

Musto, David F. The American Disease: Origins of Narcotic Control. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.

Nadeau, Remi. Fort Laramie and the Sioux Indians. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1967.

Nelson, Jr., Otto L. National Security and the General Staff. Washington, D.C.: Infantry Journal Press, 1946.

Nenninger, Timothy K. The Leavenworth Schools and the Old Army. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

Nevins, Allan. Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1964.

Nyrop, Richard F., ed. Panama: A Country Study. 3d ed. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1981.

O'Connor, Richard. Black Jack Pershing. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co., 1961.

Parascandola, John, ed. The History of Antibiotics: A Symposium. Madison, Wis.: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1980.


480

Paul, Rodman W. The Far West and the Great Plains in Transition, 1859-1900. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.

Peirce, Paul S. The Freedmen's Bureau: A Chapter in the History of Reconstruction. 1904. Reprint. New York: Haskell House, 1971.

Phalen, James M. Chiefs of the Medical Department, United States Army, 1775-1940. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, War Department, 1940.

Pilcher, James E. The Surgeon Generals of the Army of the United States of America. Carlisle, Pa.: Association of Military Surgeons, 1905.

Prucha, Francis P. The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians. 2 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Quetel, Claude. History of Syphilis. Translated by Judith Braddock and Brian Pike. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Randall, J. G., and Donald, David. The Civil War and Reconstruction. 2d ed. Boston: D. C. Heath and Co., 1961.

Reiser, Stanley J. Medicine and the Reign of Technology. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1978.

Reverby, Susan M. Ordered To Care: The Dilemma of American Nursing, 1850-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Rickey, Jr., Don. Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay: The Enlisted Soldier Fighting the Indian Wars. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Risch, Erna. Quartermaster Support of the Army: A History of the Corps, 1775-1939. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Quartermaster General, 1962.

Rorabaugh, W. J. The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Rosebury, Theodor. Microbes and Morals: The Strange Story of Venereal Disease. New York: Viking Press, 1971.

Rosen, George. Fees and Fee Bills: Some Economic Aspects of Medical Practice in Nineteenth Century America. Supplement to the Bulletin of the History of Medicine, no. 6. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1946.

----. Preventive Medicine in the United States, 1900-1975: Trends and Interpretations. New York: PRODIST, 1977.

----. The Structure of American Medical Practice, 1875-1941. Edited by Charles E. Rosenberg. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Rosenberg, Charles E. The Cholera Years. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

----. The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832, 1849, and 1866. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

----. Trial of the Assassin Guiteau: Psychiatry and the Law in the Guilded Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Rosenkrantz, Barbara G. Public Health and the States: Changing Views in Massachusetts, 1842-1936. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Roth, Russell. Muddy Glory: America's 'Indian Wars' in the Philippines, 1899-1933. W. Hanover, Mass.: Christopher House, 1981.


481

Rothstein, William G. American Physicians in the Nineteenth Century: From Sects to Science. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972.

Russell, Paul F. Man's Mastery of Malaria. London: Oxford University Press, 1955.

Scheips, Paul J., ed. The Panama Canal: Readings on Its History. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1979.

Scott, Douglas D.; Fox, Jr., Richard A.; Connor, Melissa A.; and Harmon, Dick. Archaeological Perspectives on the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.

Scott, H. Harold. A History of Tropical Medicine. 2 vols. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1939.

Sefton, James E. The United States Army and Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

Sexton, William T. Soldiers in the Philippines: A History of the Insurrection. Washington, D.C.: Infantry Journal Press, n.d.

----. Soldiers in the Sun: An Adventure in Imperialism. Harrisburg, Pa: Military Service Co., 1939.

Shryock, Richard H. The Development of Modern Medicine: An Interpretation of the Social and Scientific Factors Involved. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1936.

----. Medicine in America: Historical Essays. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.

Skinner, Henry A. The Origin of Medical Terms. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1949.

Smillie, Wilson G. Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 2d ed. New York: Macmillan Co., 1955.

Smillie, Wilson G., and Kilbourne, Edwin D. Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 3d ed. New York: Macmillan Co., 1963.

Smythe, Donald. Guerrilla Warrior: The Early Life of John J. Pershing. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.

----. Pershing: General of the Armies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Spink, Wesley W. Infectious Diseases: Prevention and Treatment in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.

Starr, Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine. New York: Basic Books,1982.

Strode, George K., ed. Yellow Fever. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1951.

Thomas, Gordon, and Witts, Max M. The San Francisco Earthquake. New York: Stein and Day, 1971.

Thomas, Robert S., and Allen, Inez V. The Mexican Punitive Expedition Under Brigadier General John H. Pershing, United States Army, 1916-1917. Washington, D. C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1954.


482

Tobey, James A. The Medical Department of the Army: Its History, Activities and Organization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927.

Trask, David. The War With Spain. New York: Macmillan Co., 1981.

Trent, Josiah C. "Surgical Anesthesia, 1846-1946." In Theory and Practice in American Medicine, edited by Gert H. Brieger, pp. 193-226. New York: Science History Publications, 1976.

Utley, Robert M. Frontier Regulars: The United States Army and the Indian, 1866-1891. New York: Macmillan Co., 1973.

----. Frontiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848-1865. New York: Macmillan Co., 1967.

Vandiver, Frank E. Black Jack: The Life and Times of John J. Pershing. 2 vols. College Station, Tex.: Texas A & M University Press, 1977.

Vogel, Morris J., and Rosenberg, Charles E., eds. The Therapeutic Revolution. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979.

Wangensteen, Owen H., and Wangensteen, Sarah D. The Rise of Surgery From Empiric Craft to Scientific Discipline. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.

Weigley, Russell F. The American Way of War: A History of United States Military Strategy and Policy. 1973. Reprint. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977.

----. History of the United States Army. New York: Macmillan Co., 1967.

----. History of the United States Army. Enl. ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Whayne, Tom F., and DeBakey, Michael E. Cold Injury, Ground Type. Medical Department, United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, 1958.

Whipple, Allen O. The Evolution of Surgery in the United States. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, 1963.

Williams, Beryl, and Epstein, Samuel. William Crawford Gorgas: Tropic Fever Fighter. New York: Messner, 1953.

Williams, Greer. The Plague Killers. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.

Williams, Ralph C. The United States Public Health Service, 1798-1950. Washington, D.C.: Commissioned Officers Association of the United States Public Health Service, 1951.

Wolf, Leon. Little Brown Brother: How the United States Purchased and Pacified the Philippine Islands at the Century's Turn. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co., 1961.

Wooster, Robert. The Military and United States Indian Policy, 1865-1903. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Zinsser, Hans. A Textbook of Bacteriology. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1927.

Zinsser, Hans, and Bayne-Jones, Stanhope. A Textbook of Bacteriology. 8th rev. ed. New York: D. Appleton- Century Co., 1939.


483

Secondary Articles

Ackerknecht, Erwin H. "Diathesis: The Word and the Concept in Medical History." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 56 (1982): 317-25.

Agnew, James B. "Carromatos and Quinine: Private Longden and the Medical Corps of 1898." Military Review 59 (July 1979): 11-21.

Anderson, Lee. "Headlights Upon Sanitary Medicine": Pubic Health and Medical Reform in Late Nineteenth Century Iowa. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 46 (1991): 178-200.

Baker, Samuel L. "Physician Licensure Laws in the United States, 1865-1915." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 39 (1984): 173-197.

Bartlett, M. K.; Jones, C. M.; and Ryan, A. E. "Vitamin C and Wound Healing: Ascorbic Acid Content and Tensile Strength of Healing Wounds in Human Beings." New England Journal of Medicine 226 (1942): 474-81.

Bean, William B. "A Note on the Association of Walter Reed and William Osler." Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 129 (1971): 346-50.

----. "Walter Reed and the Ordeal of Human Experiments." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 51 (1977): 75-92.

----. "Walter Reed and Yellow Fever." Journal of the American Medical Association 250 (1983): 659-62.

Bevoise, Ken de. "Until God Knows When: Smallpox in the Late-Colonial Philippines." Pacific Historical Review 59 (1990): 149-85.

Bibel, Debra Jan. "Sternberg, Metchnikoff, and the Phagocytes." Military Medicine 147 (1982): 550-63.

Breunle, Phillip C. "William Crawford Gorgas: Military Sanitarian of the Isthmian Canal." Military Medicine 141 (1976): 795-97.

Brieger, Gert H. "American Surgery and the Germ Theory of Disease." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 40 (1966): 135-45.

Brooks, John J.; Enterline, Horatio T.; and Aponte, Gonzalo E. "The Final Diagnosis of President Cleveland's Lesion." Offprint from Transactions and Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia 2 (March 1980): 1-25.

Bryan, Jr., Leon S. "Blood-letting in American Medicine, 1830-1892." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 38 (1964): 516-29.

Buerki, Robert A. "Medical Views on Narcotics and Their Effects in the Mid-1890s." Pharmacy in History 17 (1975): 3-12.

Burnham, John C. "The Progressive Era Revolution in American Attitudes Toward Sex." Journal of American History 59 (1973): 885-908.

Butler, Anne M. "Military Myopia: Prostitution on the Frontier." Prologue 13 (1981): 233-50.

Campbell, Kristine A. "Knots in the Fabric: Richard Pearson Strong and the Bilibid Prison Vaccine Trials, 1905-1906." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 68 (1994): 600-38.


484

Cangi, Ellen C. "Abraham Flexner's Philanthropy: The Full-time System in the Department of Surgery at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 1910-1930." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 56 (1982): 160-74.

Cassedy, James H. "The 'Germ of Laziness' in the South, 1900-1915: Charles Wardell Stiles and the Progressive Paradox." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 45 (1971): 159-69.

----. "Numbering the North's Medical Events: Humanitarianism and Science in Civil War Statistics." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 66 (1992): 210-233.

Chaves-Carballo, Enrique. "Samuel T. Darling: Studies on Malaria and the Panama Canal." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 54 (1980): 95-100.

Clymer, Kenton J. "Not So Benevolent Assimilation: The Philippine-American War." Reviews in American History 11 (1983): 547-52.

Coffman, Edward M. "The Long Shadow of the Soldier and the State." Journal of Military History 55 (1991): 69-82.

Cosmas, Graham A. "From Order to Chaos: The War Department, the National Guard, and Military Policy, 1898." Military Affairs 29 (1965): 105-21.

----. "Securing the Fruits of Victory: The U.S. Army Occupies Cuba, 1898-1899." Military Affairs 38 (1974): 85-91.

Cowart, Virginia. "Control, Treatment of Drug Abuse, Have Challenged Nation and Its Physicians for Much of History." Journal of the American Medical Association 256 (1986): 2465-69.

Crosby, William H. "The Death of Walter Reed." Journal of the American Medical Association 248 (1982): 1332-42.

Dock, George. "Clinical Pathology in the Eighties and Nineties." American Journal of Clinical Pathology 16 (1946): 673-80.

Downs, Wilbur G. "The Story of Yellow Fever Since Walter Reed." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 44 (1968): 721-27.

Duke, Raymond M. "The Army Medical Service School: Its History and Mission." United States Armed Forces Medical Journal 11 (1960): 621-40.

Duffy, John. "Medicine in the West: An Historical Overview." Journal of the West 21 (1982): 5-14.

Fee, Elizabeth. "Competition for the First School of Hygiene and Public Health." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 57 (1983): 339-63.

Field, Jr., James A. "American Imperialism: The Worst Chapter in Almost Any Book. American Historical Review 83 (1978): 644-68.

Fish, Stewart A. "The Death of President Garfield." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 24 (1950): 378-92.

Fletcher, Marvin. "The Black Volunteers in the Spanish-American War. Military Affairs 38 (1974): 48-52.

Foley, Gardner P. H. "The Peaks of Dental History." Bulletin of the History of Dentistry 23 (June 1975): 11-16.


485

Follis, Jr., Richard H. "Cellular Pathology and the Development of the Deficiency Disease Concept." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 34 (1960): 291-317.

Fye, W. Bruce. "The Origin of the Full-time Faculty System: Implications for Clinical Research." Journal of the American Medical Association 265 (1991): 1555-62.

----. "S. Weir Mitchell: Philadelphia's 'Lost' Physiologist." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 57 (1983): 188-202.

Gates, John M. "War-related Deaths in the Philippines, 1898-1902." Pacific Historical Review 53 (1954): 367-78.

Gillett, Mary C. "Medical Care and Evacuation During the Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1901." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 42 (1987): 169-85.

----. "A Tale of Two Surgeons." Medical Heritage 1 (1985): 404-13, 466.

----. "United States Army Surgeons and the Big Horn-Yellowstone Expedition of 1876." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 39 (Winter 1989): 16-27.

----. "U.S. Army Medical Officers and Public Health in the Philippines in the Wake of the Spanish-American War, 1898-1905." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 64 (1990): 567-87.

Goodyear, James D. "The Sugar Connection: A New Perspective on the History of Yellow Fever." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52 (1978): 5-21.

Gordon, David S. "The Relief of Fort Phil Kearny." Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 49 (1911): 281-84.

Greenberg, Bernard. "Flies and Disease." Scientific American 213 (July 1965): 92-99.

Greenberg, Jerome H. "Venereal Disease in the Armed Forces." Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, March 1972, pp. 165-201.

Guerra, R.; Wheby, M. S.; and Bayless, T. M. "Long-term Antibiotic Therapy in Tropical Sprue." Annals of Internal Medicine 63 (1965): 619-34.

Hagan, Barry. "Prelude to a Massacre: Fort Philip Kearny, December 6, 1866." Order of the Indian Wars Journal 1 (Fall 1980): 1-17.

Hemmeter, J. C. "Joseph Janvier Woodward, Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army: Pioneer in Photomicrography, Pathologic Histology and Medical Historian of the Civil War." Military Surgeon 52 (1923): 635-47.

Heyd, Charles G. "The Evolution of Modern Surgery." American Journal of Surgery 5 (1941): 54-65.

Hitchens, A. P., and Leikind, M. C. "The Introduction of Agar-agar into Bacteriology." Journal of Bacteriology 37 (1939): 485-93.

Hoffert, Sylvia D. "Childbearing on the Trans-Mississippi Frontier, 1830-1900." Western Historical Quarterly 22 (1991): 273-288.

Hurme, V. O. "Notes on the Physical and Dental Condition of U.S. Army Men in 1901-1903: The First Large-scale Experiment in Tropical Dental Medicine." New York State Dental Journal 16 (1950): 255-65.


486

Hyson, John M. "William Saunders: The United States Army's First Dentist-West Point's Forgotten Man." Military Medicine 149 (1984): 435-41.

Ireland, M. W. "The Conquest of Yellow Fever." Military Surgeon 64 (1929): 244-51.

Katz, Friedrich. "Pancho Villa and the Attack on Columbus, New Mexico." American Historical Review 83 (1978): 101-30.

Kaufman, Martin. "The American Anti-vaccinationists and Their Arguments." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 41 (1967): 453-78.

Keuchel, Edward F. "Chemicals and Meat: The Embalmed Beef Scandal of the Spanish-American War." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 48 (1974): 249-64.

King, Lester S. "The Changing Scene." Journal of the American Medical Association 249 (1983): 1897-1900.

----. "Clinical Science Gets Enthroned." Journal of the American Medical Association 250 (1983): 1847-50.

----. "The Flexner Report of 1910." Journal of the American Medical Association 251 (1984): 1079-86.

----. "Germ Theory and Its Influence." Journal of the American Medical Association 249 (1983): 794-98.

----. "Medical Education: Elitism and Reform." Journal of the American Medical Association 250 (1983): 2457-61.

----. "Medical Education: The Decade of Massive Change." Journal of the American Medical Association 251 (1984): 219-24.

----. "Medical Education: The Problems Intensify." Journal of the American Medical Association 250 (1983): 3100-104.

----. "Medical Journalism, 1847-1883." Journal of the American Medical Association 250 (1983): 744-48.

----. "Medicine Seeks To Be Scientific." Journal of the American Medical Association 249 (1983): 2475-79.

Klayman, Daniel L. "Weeding Out Malaria: American Scientists Pursue a Cure From a Chinese Plant." Natural History, October 1989, pp. 18, 20, 22-24, 26-27.

Kress, George H. "United States Army Field Hospital in San Francisco in 1906: An Interesting Letter, With Some Excerpts From the May, 1906, Issue of the California State Journal of Medicine." California and Western Medicine 53 (1940): 215-17.

Laurie, Clayton D. "Civil Disorder and the Military in Rock Springs, Wyoming: The Army's Role in the 1885 Chinese Massacre." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 40 (Summer 1990): 44-59.

Leikind, Morris C. "Army Medical Museum and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Historical Perspective." Scientific Monthly 79 (1954): 71-78.

----. "The Evolution of Medical Research in the United States." International Record of Medicine 17 (1958): 455-68.


487

Lesky, Erna. "American Medicine as Viewed by Viennese Physicians, 1893-1912." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 56 (1982): 368-76.

Link, Terry. "The Great Earthquake Cover-up." Oakland Sunday Tribune, 18 January 1987.

Long, Esmond R. "The Army Medical Museum." Military Medicine 128 (1963): 367-77.

Love, Walter D. "Army Dentistry Forty Years Old." Journal of the American Dental Association 42 (1951): 313-14.

Ludmerer, Kenneth M. "The Plight of Clinical Teaching in America." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 57 (1983): 218-29.

Lull, George F. "Dissemination of Cholera by the 38th Infantry in 1867." Military Surgeon 79 (1936): 382-85.

Lund, F. B. "The Surgery of the War and the Part Played Therein by American Surgeons." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 25 (1917): 698-99.

McKenna, Charles D. "The Forgotten Reform: The Institution of a System of Field Maneuvers in the U.S. Army, 1902-1912." Army History, Winter 1991/1992, pp.17-23.

Malison, Michael D., and Waterman, Stephen H. "Dengue Fever in the United States: A Report of a Cluster of Imported Cases and Review of the Clinical, Epidemiologic, and Public Health Aspects of the Disease." Journal of the American Medical Association 249 (1983): 496-500.

Matas, Rudolph. "Surgical Operations Fifty Years Ago." American Journal of Surgery, n.s. 51 (1941): 40-53.

Meleny, Henry E. "Tropical Medicine in United States Military History." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 18 (1942): 329-37.

Millikin, John D. "The Original U.S. Army Dental Corps: A Brief History." Journal of the California State Dental Association and the Nevada State Dental Society 30 (1954): 387.

Mitchell, James F. "The Introduction of Rubber Gloves for Use in Surgical Operations." Annals of Surgery 122 (1945): 902-04.

Mitchell, Jr., Robert E. "Notes on Medical History of the Panama Canal." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 103 (1950): 87-91.

Morgan, William G. "Contributions of the Medical Department of the United States Army to the Advancement of Knowledge." Military Surgeon 66 (1930): 779-90.

Morrison, Hyman. "The Chapter on Appendicitis in a Biography of Reginald Heber Fitz." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 20 (1946): 259-69.

Morreels, Jr., Charles L. "New Information on the Cleveland Operations." Surgery 65 (1947): 542-51.

Morton, John J. "The Struggle Against Sepsis." Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 31 (1959): 397-422.

Nadeau, Gabriel. "Indian Scalping Techniques in Different Tribes." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 10 (1941): 178-94.


488

Norris, John. "The 'Scurvy Disposition': Heavy Exertion as an Exacerbating Influence on Scurvy in Modern Times." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 57 (1983): 325-38.

Olch, Peter D. "Medicine in the Indian Fighting Army, 1866-1890." Journal of the West 21 (1982): 32-41.

Omer, Jr., George E. "An Army Hospital: From Dragoons to Rough Riders-Fort Riley, 1853-1903." Kansas Historical Quarterly 23 (1957): 336-67.

Palmieri, Anthony, and Hammond, Daniel J. "Drug Therapy at a Frontier Fort Hospital: Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory, 1870-1889." Pharmacy in History 21 (1979): 35-44.

Palmquist, Peter E., comp. "Elizabeth Fleischmann-Aschheim, Pioneer X-ray Photographer." Western States Jewish History 23 (1990): 35-45.

Peller, Sigismund. "Walter Reed, C. Finlay, and Their Predecessors Around 1800." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 33 (1959): 195-211.

Perez, Jr., Louis A. "Vagrants, Beggars, and Bandits: Social Origins of Cuban Separatism, 1878-1895." American Historical Review 90 (1985): 1092-1121.

Petersen, Edward S. "The Military Surgeon in the West." Westerners Brand Book 28 (1971): 1-3.

----. "Surgeons of the Little Big Horn." Westerners Brand Book 31 (1974): 41-43.

Powers, Ramon S., and Younger, Gene. "Cholera and the Army in the West: Treatment and Control in 1866 and 1867." Military Affairs 39 (1975): 49-54.

"Pseudo-outbreak of Intestinal Amebiasis." Journal of the American Medical Association 253 (1985): 1861.

Quinones, Mark A. "Drug Abuse During the Civil War (1861-1865)." International Journal of the Addictions 10 (1975): 1007-20.

Ragsdale, Bruce D. "Gunshot Wounds: A Historical Perspective." Military Medicine 149 (1984): 301-15.

Ransom, J. E. "The Development of Ambulance Service in the Armies of Great Britain, the United States and Other Countries." Ciba Symposia 8 (1947): 553-59.

Regato, Juan A. del. "Carlos Finlay and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine." Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha 50 (Spring 1987): 5-9.

----. Letter: "In Reference to 'The Unsung Hero of Yellow Fever' by Colin Norman, Science 223 (1984): 1370-1372." Science 224 (1984): 1044.

Richmond, Phyllis. "Some Variant Theories in Opposition to the Germ Theory of Disease." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 9 (1954): 290-303.

Riley, Harris D. "Joseph Jones, MD: An Early Clinical Investigator." Southern Medical Journal 80 (1987): 623-29.

Robinson, Frank U. "The Battle of Snake Mountain." Military Affairs 14 (1950): 92-98.


489

Rosenberg, Charles. "The Therapeutic Revolution: Medicine, Meaning, and Social Change in Nineteenth Century America." Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (1977): 485-506.

Rossiter, P. S. "The Growth of the Association of Military Surgeons." Military Surgeon 89 (1941): 602-03.

Sandos, James A. "Prostitution and Drugs: The United States Army on the Mexican-American Border, 1916-1917." Pacific Historical Review 49 (1980): 621-45.

Schlack, Carl A. "A Short History of the United States Naval Dental Corps." United States Naval Medical Bulletin 40 (1942): 775-79.

Schoenberg, Bruce. "Joseph Janvier Woodward and an Early American View on Cancer." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 136 (1973): 456-62.

Schreier, Jr., Konrad F. "Army Motor Transport Won Spurs in Mexico." Periodical: Journal of the Council on America's Military Past 18 (April 1991): 3-13.

Schullian, Dorothy M., and Rogers, Frank B. "The National Library of Medicine." Library Quarterly 28 (1958): 1-17, 95-121.

Shryock, Richard H. "American Indifference to Basic Science During the Nineteenth Century." Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences 28, no. 5 (1948): 50-65.

Simmons, James S. "Progress of the Army's Fight Against Malaria." Journal of the American Medical Association 120 (1942): 30-34.

Skolnick, Andrew A. "Newfound Genetic Defect Hints at Clues for Developing Novel Antimalarial Agents." Journal of the American Medical Association 269 (1993): 1765.

Smith, Dale C. "A Historical Overview of the Recognition of Appendicitis." New York State Journal of Medicine 86 (1986): 571-83, 639-47.

----. "The Rise and Fall of Typho-malaria." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 37 (1982): 182-220, 287-321.

Smith, Dale C., and Sanford, Lorraine B. "Laveran's Germ: The Reception and Use of a Medical Discovery." American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 34 (1985): 2-20.

Stevenson, Lloyd G. "Putting Disease on the Map: The Early Use of Spot Maps in the Study of Yellow Fever." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 20 (1965): 226-61.

----. "Science Down the Drain." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 29 (1955): 1-26.

Straight, William M. "Camp Miami, 1898." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 74 (1987): 504-13.

----. "The Great Typhoid Epidemic in Florida, 1898." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 73 (1986): 289-99.

Tigertt, Helen, and Tigertt, W. D. "Clara Louise Maass: A Nurse Volunteer for Yellow Fever." Military Medicine 148 (1983): 252-53.

Tigertt, W. D. "The Initial Effort To Immunmize American Soldier Volunteers With Typhoid Vaccine. Military Medicine 124 (1959): 342-49.


490

Turcheneske, Jr., John A. "Arizonans and the Apache Prisoners of Mount Vernon Barracks, Alabama: They Do Not Die Fast Enough." Military History of Texas and the Southwest 11 (1973): 197-226.

"U.S. Army Medical Service Contributions to Civilian Health and Medicine." Ohio Medical Journal 5 (1959): 332-34, 492-94.

Wangensteen, Owen H., and Wangensteen, Sarah D. "Lister, His Books and Evolvement of His Antiseptic Wound Practices." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 48 (1974): 100-28.

Ward, Patricia S. "The American Reception of Salvarsan." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 36 (1981): 59-60.

Ward, R. A. "The Influence of Ronald Ross Upon the Early Development of Malaria Vector Control Procedures in the United States Army." Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 76 (1973): 207-09.

Warner, Margaret. "Hunting the Yellow Fever Germ: The Principle and Practice of Etiological Proof in Late Nineteenth Century America." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 59 (1985): 361-82.

Wengert, James W. "The 1878 Ambulance Board." Military Collector and Historian 37 (1985): 8-23, 50-66.

Whayne, Tom F., and McNinch, Joseph M. "Fifty Years of Medical Progress; Medicine as a Social Instrument: Military Medicine." New England Journal of Medicine 244 (1951): 592-601.

Wier, James A. "The Army Doctor and the Indian." Denver Westerners' Roundup 31 (September 1975): 3-14.

----. "19th Century Doctors on the Frontier and in Nebraska." Nebraska History 61 (1980): 192-214.

Wilson, Charles. "American Contributions to Neurosurgery." New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal 96 (1943): 140-47.

Wright, Scheffel H. "Historical Issue; Medicine in the Florida Camps During the Spanish-American War: Great Controversies." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 62 (1975): 19-26.