U.S. Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History
Skip Navigation, go to content

HISTORY OF THE OFFICE OF MEDICAL HISTORY

AMEDD BIOGRAPHIES

AMEDD CORPS HISTORY

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES

MEDICAL MEMOIRS

AMEDD MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS External Link, Opens in New Window

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORIES

THE SURGEONS GENERAL

ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE SURGEON GENERAL

AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE

THE AMEDD HISTORIAN NEWSLETTER

Appendix B

Table of Contents

200

APPENDIX B
LAW OF 27 JULY 1775
 

The Congress took into consideration the report of the committee on establishing an hospital, and the same being debated, was
agreed to as follows:  

That for the establishment of an hospital for an army consisting of 20,000 men the following officers and other attendants be
appointed, with the following allowance or pay, viz.      

1 Director general and chief physician, his pay per day

4 dollars

4 Surgeons, per diem, each

1 1/3 do.

1 Apothecary

1 1/3 do.

20 Mates, each

2/3 do.

1 Clerk

2/3 do.

2 Storekeepers, each

4 dollars per month

1 Nurse to every 10 sick

1/15 of a dollar per day, or 2 dollars per month

Labourers occasionally.

 

The duty of the above officers: viz.  

Director to furnish medicines, Bedding and all other necessaries, to pay for the same, superintend the whole, and make his
report to, and receive orders from the commander in chief.  

Surgeons, apothecary and mates: To visit and attend the sick and the mates to obey the orders of the physicians, surgeons and apothecary.  

Matron: To superintend the nurses, bedding, etc.  

Nurses: To attend the sick, and obey the matron's orders.  

Clerk: To keep accounts for the director and storekeepers.  

Storekeeper: To receive and deliver the bedding and other necessaries by order of the director . . . .  

The Congress then proceeded to the choice of officers for the Hospital, when Benjamin Church was unanimously elected as director of, and chief physician in, the hospital.  

Resolved, That the appointment of the four Surgeons and the Apothecary be left to Doctr. Church.  

That the Mates be appointed by the Surgeons; that the number do not exceed twenty; that the number be not kept in constant pay, unless the sick and wounded should be so numerous as to require the attendance of twenty, and to be diminished as circumstances will admit; for wch. purpose, the pay is fixed by the day, that they may only receive pay for actual service.  

That one Clerk and two storekeepers and one nurse to every 10 sick be appointed by the Director.  

    SOURCE: Ford, Journals of the Continental Congress, 2: 209-10, 211.