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Army Medical Department 1818-1865

Books and Documents

ARMY HISTORICAL SERIES

THE ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT
1818-1865

by Mary C Gillett

CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY
UNITED STATES ARMY
WASHINGTON D.C., 1987

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Gillett, Mary C.

The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865.

(Army historical series)
Bibliography: p.
Includes index.
Supt. of Docs. no.: D 114.19:M46/818-865

1. United States. Army Medical Dept.-History- 19th century. 2. Medicine, Military-United States- History-19th century. I. Title. II. Series.
UH223.G543 1987 355.3'45'0973 87-600095

First Printing-CMH Pub 30-8

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402

ARMY HISTORICAL SERIES

David F. Trask, General Editor

Advisory Committee
(As of September 1986)

Dr. Charles P. Roland (Chairman)
University of Kentucky

Dr. Archer Jones
North Dakota State University

Maj. Gen. Robert H. Buker
Deputy Surgeon General

Maj. Gen. Carl H. McNair, Jr.
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command

Col. Robert A. Doughty
U.S. Military Academy

Dr. Jamie W. Moore
The Citadel

Col. Louis D. F. Frasche
U.S. Army Command and General
Staff College

Dr. James O'Neill
National Archives and Records Service

Dr. John H. Hatcher
The Adjutant General Center

Brig. Gen. Richard L. Reynard
U.S. Army War College

L. Eugene Hedberg
American Enterprise Institute for Public Research

Donald W. Smythe, S.J.
John Carroll University

U.S. Army Center of Military History

Brig. Gen. William A. Stofft, Chief of Military History

Chief Historian     David F. Trask
Chief, Histories Division     Lt. Col. Richard O. Perry
Editor in Chief     John W. Elsberg

Contents

FOREWORD

THE AUTHOR

PREFACE

1. THE STATE OF THE ART

    Medicine
    Surgery
    Medical Education
    Conclusion

2. LAYING THE FOUNDATION, 1818-1835

    Organization and Administration
    Surgeons in the Field
    The Black Hawk War
    Conclusion

3. INDIAN REMOVAL IN THE SOUTHEAST: THE SECOND SEMINOLE WAR

    New leadership for the Medical Department
    Removal of the Creeks
    Character of the Second Seminole War
    Assignment of Surgeons
    Supply
    General Hospitals
    Care of the Sick and Wounded at a Temporary Fort
    An Army Surgeon in the Field
    Conclusion

4. LAWSON'S FIRST YEARS AS SURGEON GENERAL, 1836-1845

    Administration in Washington
    Problems of Surgeons in the Field
    Conclusion

5. THE WAR WITH MEXICO: THE TAYLOR AND KEARNY CAMPAIGNS

    Administration of the Medical Department
    Surgeons in the Field
    Conclusion

6. THE WAR WITH MEXICO: SCOTT'S CAMPAIGN

    Preparing for Invasion
    Establishing a Base: Vera Cruz
    The Drive on Mexico City
    After the Victory
    Conclusion

7. LAWSON'S LAST YEARS, 1846-1861

    Administration
    The Work of the Army Surgeon as a Physician
    Surgeons as Soldiers and Scientists
    Conclusion

8. THE CIVIL WAR, 1861: MANY PROBLEMS, FEW SOLUTIONS

    Administrative Problems of the Medical Department
    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East
    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West
    Conclusion

9. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1862: LEARNING ON THE JOB

    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East
    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West
    Conclusion

10. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1863: HAMMOND'S LAST YEAR

    Administration of the Medical Department
    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the East
    Care of the Sick and Wounded in the West
    Conclusion

11. THE CIVIL WAR IN 1864: THE BEGINNING OF THE END

    Hammond's Trial
    Barnes'Administration
    Medical Care of Forces in Virginia
    Sherman's Campaign in Georgia
    Trans-Mississippi Campaign
    Conclusion

12. THE END

    Administration
    Grant's Campaign in Northern Virginia
    Sherman's Campaign
    Prisoners of War
    Conclusion

13. ACHIEVEMENTS AND FAILURES DURING THE CIVIL WAR

    Disease
    Infections and Wounds
    Organization and Administration
    Epilogue

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Maps

Illustrations