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Bibliography

Books and Documents > The Army Medical Department 1818-1865

Bibliography

The National Archives in Washington, D.C., and the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland, hold a majority of the manuscripts and other unpublished material used in the research for The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865. As always in this series on the history of the Army Medical Department, the Records of the Office of the Surgeon General, Record Group (RG 112), and particularly the letters to and from the Surgeon General, have been invaluable. Other important material in the National Archives is contained in the Records of the Adjutant General (RG 94), the Records of the Inspector General (RG 159), the Records of the Judge Advocate General (RG 153), and the Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (RG 105). The National Library of Medicine collections include a wealth of correspondence, diaries, reports, orders, and similar material, both printed and unprinted, originating with the Surgeon General's Office, individual surgeons, individual hospitals, and the U.S. Sanitary Commission.

Other repositories consulted for this volume include the New York Academy of Medicine, which holds the Nathan Jarvis papers, the Library of Congress, where there is a small collection of the papers of such surgeons as Benjamin King and Thomas Lawson, and the U.S. National Museum, better known as the Smithsonian Institution, which holds the papers that resulted from the work of various surgeons who gathered data and specimens for the Smithsonian.

Primary Printed Sources

Books

Abert, J. W. Guadal P'a, the Journal of Lieutenant J. W. Abert, From Bent's Fort to St. Louis in 1845. Canyon, Tex.: Panhandle-Plains Historical Society, 1941.

Andrews, E., and Woodworth, J. M. The Primary Surgery of Gen. Sherman's Campaigns. Chicago: George H. Fergus, 1866.

Andrews, Edmund. Complete Record of the Surgery of the Battles Fought Near Vicksburg, December 27, 28, 29 and 30, 1862. Chicago: George H. Fergus, 1863.

Ball, S. X. Discovery of the Cause and Cure of Cholera. New York: Privately printed, 1850.

Ballentine, George. The Mexican War, By an English Soldier. Comprising Incidents of the Adventures in the United States and Mexico With the American Army. New York: W. A. Townsend & Co., 1853.

Bandel, Eugene. Frontier Life in the Army, 1855-61. Edited by Ralph P. Bieber. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clarke Co., 1932.

Bartholow, Roberts. A Manual of Instructions for Enlisting and Discharging Soldiers. With Special Reference to the Medical Examination of Recruits, and the Detection of Disqualifying and Feigned Diseases. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1863.

           . The Principles and Practice of Disinfection. Cincinnati: R. W. Carroll & Co., 1867.

Bartlett, Elisha. The History, Diagnosis, and Treatment of the Fevers of the United States. 2d ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1847.

Bartlett, John Russell. Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas. 2 vols. New York: Rio Grande Press, 18 5 4.

Bassett, John S., ed. Correspondence ofAndrew Jackson. 7 vols. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1926-35.

Batchelder, J. P. Cholera: Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Considered and Explained. New York: Dewitt & Davenport, 1849.

Baxter, J. H., comp. Statistics, Medical and Anthropological, of the Provost-MarshalGeneral's Bureau. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1875.

Baylies, Francis. A Narrative of Major General Wool's Campaign in Mexico, in the Years 1846, 1847, and 1848. Albany, N.Y.: Little & Co., 1851.

Beale, Edward F. Wagon Road- Fort Smith to the Colorado River. Washington, 1860.

Beaumont, William. Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion. Plattsburgh, N.Y., 1833.

           . William Beaumont's Formative Years. Two Early Notebooks, 1811-1821. Edited by Genevieve Miller. New York: Henry Schuman, 1946.

Bell, John, and Condie, David Francis. All the Material Facts in the History of Epidemic Cholera. Philadelphia: Thomas De Silver, Jun., 1832.

Bell, John R. Journal of Captain John R. Bell, Official Journalist for the Stephen H. Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains 1820. Edited by Harlan M. Fuller and LeRoy R. Hafen. Vol. 6, The Far West and Rockies Historical Series, 1820-1875. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clarke Co., 1957.

Bemrose, John. Reminiscences of the Second Seminole War. Edited by John K. Mahon. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1966.

Bennett, James Augustus. Forts and Forays or a Dragoon in New Mexico, 1850-1856. Edited by Clinton E. Brooks and Frank D. Reeve. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1948.

Bigelow, Henry Jacob. Surgical Anesthesia, Addresses and Other Papers. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1900.

Billings, John Shaw. Selected Papers of John Shaw Billings. Compiled by Frank Brodway Rogers. Medical Library Association, 1965.

Black Hawk. Life of Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-SheKia-Kiak, or Black Hawk, Dictated by Himself. Edited by J. B. Patterson. Fairfield, Wash.: Ye Galleon Press, 1974.

Blackwood, Emma Jerome, ed. To Mexico With Scott: Letters of Captain E. Kirby Smith to His Wife. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1817.

Blake, Henry Nichols. Three Years in the Army of the Potomac. Boston: Lee & Shepherd, 1865.

Blodget, Lorin. Climatology of the United States, and of the Temperate Latitudes of the North American Continent. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1857.

           . On the Climatic Conditions of the Summer of 1853, Most Directly Affecting Its Sanitary Character. New York: New York Journal of Medicine, 1853.

Bloor, Alfred J. Letters From the Army of the Potomac, Written During the Month of May 1864, to Several Supply Correspondents of the Sanitary Commission. Washington, 1864.

Bogges, F. C. M. A Veteran of Four Wars: The Autobiography of F. C. M. Bogges: A Record of Pioneer Life and Adventure and Heretofore Unwritten History of the Florida Seminole Indian Wars. Arcadia, Fla., 1900.

Bourne, G. Melksham. Cholera Conquered: Guide to the Prevention and Cure of Epidemic Cholera, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, etc. New York: Fowlers & Wells, 1849.

Bowditch, Henry I. A Brief Plea for an Ambulance System for the Army of the United States. Boston: Tichnor & Fields, 1863.

Brieger, Gert H. Medical America in the Nineteenth Century: Readings From Literature. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1972.

Briggs, Walter DeBlois. Civil War Surgeon in a Colored Regiment. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960.

Brigham, A. A.Treatise on Epidemic Cholera. Hartford, Conn: H. & F. J. Huntington, 1832.

Brinton, John Hill. Personal Memoirs of John H. Brinton, Major and Surgeon U.S.V., 1861-1865. New York: Neale Publishing Co., 1914.

Brockett, Linus Pierpont, and Vaughan, Mary C. Women's Work in the Civil War: A Record of Heroism, Patriotism and Patience. Philadelphia: Zeigler, McCurdy & Co., 1867.

Buhoup, Jonathan W. Narrative of the Central Division. Pittsburgh: M. P. Morse, 1847.

Butler, Benjamin F. Private and Official Correspondence ... During the Period of the Civil War. Norwood, Mass.: Plimpton Press, 1917.

Byrne, Bernard M. An Essay to Prove the Contagious Nature of Malignant Cholera, With Brief Instructions for Its Prevention and Cure. Baltimore: Carey, Hart & Co., 1833.

           . Proceedings of a Court Martial for the Trial of Surgeon B. M. Byrne, Held at Fort Moultrie, S.C., on March 24th 1859. Charleston, W. Va.: Walker, Evans & Co., 1859.

Caldwell, Charles. Analysis of Fever. Lexington, Ky.: Privately printed, 1825.

           . Autobiography of Charles Caldwell. New York: Da Capo Press, 1968.

           . An Essay Upon the Nature and Sources of the Malaria or Noxious Miasma, From Which Originate the Family of Diseases Usually Known by the Denomination of Bilious Diseases. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1831.

           . Essays on Malaria and Temperament. Lexington, Ky., 1831.

           . Thoughts on Febrile Miasmas. Lexington, Ky, [1830].

Calhoun, John Caldwell. The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Edited by Robert L. Meriwether and W. Edwin Hemphill. 10 vols. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press for the South Caroliniana Society, 1959.

Callan, John F. The Military Laws of the United States Relating to the Army, Volunteers, Militia, and to Bounty Lands and Pensions, From the Foundation of the Government to 3 March 1863. Philadelphia: George W. Childs, 1863.

Carey, Charles Henry, ed. Journals of Theodore Talbot, 1843 and 1849-52. Portland, Ore.: Metropolitan Press, 1931.

Carleton, James Henry. Battle of Buena Vista, With the Operations of the "Army of Occupation" for One Month. New York: Harper & Bros., 1848.

           . Special Report of the Mountain Meadow Massacre, by J H. Carleton, Brevet Major, United States Army, Captain, First Dragoons. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1902.]

Cartwright, Samual A. The Pathology and Treatment of Cholera: With an Appendix Containing His Latest Instructions to Planters and Heads of Families (Remote From Medical Advice) in Regard to Its Prevention and Cure. New Orleans: Spencer & Middleton, 1849.

Channing, W. A Treatise on Etherization in Childbirth. Boston: William D. Ticknor & Co., 1848.

Chardon, F. A. Chardon's Journal at Fort Clark, 1834-1839; of the Ravages of the Smallpox Epidemic of 1837. Pierre, S. Dak., 1932.

Chisolm, Julian John. Manual of Military Surgery. Richmond: C.S.A. War Department, 1861.

Claiborne, J. F. H. Life and Correspondence of John A. Quitman, Major General, U.S.A., and Governor of the State of Mississippi. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Bros., 1860.

Clarke, Edward H., et al. A Century of American Medicine, 1776-1876. Brinklow, Md.: Old Hickory Bookshop, 1876.

Clements, Bennett A. Memoir of Jonathan Letterman, M.D. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1883.

Clendening, Louis, ed. Source Book of Medical History. New York: Dover Publications, 1942.

Cohen, Myer M. Notices of Florida and the Campaigns. Reprint. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1964.

Colton, Walter. Three Years in California. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co., 1850.

Cooke, John Esten. Essays on the Autumnal and Winter Epidemics. Transylvania Press, 1829.

           . A Treatise of Pathology and Therapeutics. 2 vols. Lexington, Ky., 1828.

Cooke, Philip S. George. The Conquest of New Mexico and California. Oakland, Calif.: Biobooks, [1952].

Cooke, Philip St. George. Scenes and Adventures in the Army. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1857.

Coolidge, Richard H. Revised Edition of Thomas Henderson's Hints on the Medical Examinations of Recruits for the Army, and on the Discharge of Soldiers From the Service on Surgeon's Certificate. Adapted to the Service of the United States. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1856.

Cooper, J. G., and Suckley, G. The Natural History of Washington Territory. New York: Balliere Bros., 1859.

Cooper, S. First Lines of the Practice of Surgery. Boston: Timothy Bedlington, 1828.

Couts, Cave Johnson. From San Diego to the Colorado in 1849. Edited by William McPherson. Los Angeles: Arthur M. Ellis, 1932.

Crawford, Samuel Wylie. The Genesis of the Civil War: The Story of Sumter 1860-61. New York: C. L. Webster & Co., 1887.

Croghan, George. Army Life on the Western Frontier: Selections From Official Reports Made Between 1826 and 1845. Edited by Francis Paul Prucha. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1858.

Cross, Trueman. Military Laws of the United States, to Which Is Prefixed the Constitution of the United States. Washington, 1825.

Da Costa, Jacob Mendez. Observations on the Diseases of the Heart Noticed Among Soldiers, Particularly on the Organic Diseases. 1867.

Davis, Nathan Smith. History of the Medical Education and Institutions in the United States. Chicago: S. C. Griggs & Co., 1851.

DeForest, John William. A Volunteer's Adventures, a Union Captain's Record of the Civil War. Edited by James H. Croushore. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1946.

Delafield, Edward, ed. A Synopsis of Diseases of the Eye, and Their Treatment, by Benjamin Travers. New York: Bliss & White, 1825.

des Montaignes, Francois. The Plains: Being No Less Than a Collection of Veracious Memoranda Taken During the Expedition of Exploration in the Year 1845, From the Western Settlements of Missouri to the Mexican Border, and From Bent's Fort on the Arkansas to Fort Gibson, via South Fork of Canadian-North Mexico and North-western Texas. Edited by Nancy Alpert Mower and Don Russell. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.

Dorsey, John M., ed. The Jefferson-Dunglison Letters. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1960.

Doubleday, A. Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie in 1860-61. New York: Harper, 1876.

Drake, Daniel. Malaria in the Interior Valley of North America. Selections by Norman D. Levine from Drake's A Systematic Treatise ... on the Principal Diseases of the Interior Valley of North America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1964.

           . Practical Essays on Medical Education, and the Medical Profession, in the United States. Cincinnati: Roff &Young, 1832.

           . A Practical Treatise on the History, Prevention and Treatment of Epidemic Cholera, Designed Both for the Profession and People. Cincinnati: Corey & Fairbank, 1832.

           . A Systematic Treatise, Historical, Etiological, and Practical, on the Principal Diseases of the Interior Valley of North America. Cincinnati: Winthrop B. Smith & Co., 1850.

Dresel, Gustav. Gustav Dresel's Houston Journal: Adventures in North America and Texas, 1837-1841. Translated and edited by Max Freund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1954.

Dunglison, Robley. An Address Delivered to the Graduates in Medicine at the Annual Commencement of the University of Maryland on Wednesday, March 19th 1834. Baltimore: Privately printed by the Graduates and Students, 1834.

           . General Therapeutics, or Principles of Medical Practice: With Tables of the Chief Remedial Agents, and Their Preparations; and of the Different Poisons and Their Antidotes. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blanchard, 1836.

           . Human Health; or, the Influence of Atmosphere and Locality: Change of Air and Climate; Seasons; Food; Clothing; Bathing and Mineral Springs; Exercise; Sleep; Corporeal and Intellectual Pursuits, &c, &c, on Healthy Man; Constituting Elements of Hygiene. New ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1844.

           . New Remedies: The Method of Preparing and Administering Them: Their Effects on the Healthy and Diseased Economy, &c. Philadelphia: Adam Waldie, 1839.

           . On Certain Medical Delusions: An Introductory Lecture to the Course of Institutes of Medicine in Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia; Delivered November 4, 1842. Philadelphia: Published by the Class, 1842.

Edmonds, S. Emma E. Nurse and Spy in the Union Army. Hartford: W. S. Williams & Co., 1865.

Edwards, Frank S. Campaign in New Mexico With Colonel Doniphan. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1847.

Elderkin, James D. Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of a Soldier of Three Wars, as Written by Himself The Florida, the Mexican War, and the Great Rebellion, Together With Sketches of Travel, Also of Service in a Militia Company and a Member of the Detroit Light Guard Band for Over Thirty Years. Detroit, 1899.

Elliott, Richard Smith. Notes Taken in Sixty Years. St. Louis, 1883.

Ellis, Thomas T. Leaves From the Diary of an Army Surgeon; or, Incidents of Field Camp and Hospital Life. New York: John Bradburn, 1863.

Emory, William Hernsley. Lieutenant Emory Reports: A Reprint of Lieutenant W. H. Emory's Notes of a Military Reconnaissance. Edited by Ross Calvin. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1951.

Espy, James Pollard. First Report on Meteorology. N.p., n.d.

Fatout, Paul, ed. Letters of a Civil War Surgeon. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Studies, 1961.

Fenner, E. D. History of the Epidemic Yellow Fever at New Orleans, La., 1853. New York: Hall, Clayton & Co., 1854.

Ferris, Floyd T. A Treatise on Epidemic Cholera, as Observed in the Duane Street Cholera Hospital, New York, During Its Prevalence There in 1834. New York: Harper & Bros., 1835.

Flint, Austin. Clinical Report on Dysentery, Based on an Analysis of Forty-nine Cases: With Remarks of the Causation Pathology and Management of the Disease. Buffalo: Jewett, Thomas & Co., 1853.

           . Clinical Reports on Continued Fever, Based on Analysis of One Hundred and Sixty-four Cases: With Remarks on the Management of Continued Fever, the Identity of Typhus and Typhoid Fever; Relapsing Fever, Diagnosis, etc. to Which Is Added a Memoir on the Transportation and Diffusion by Contagion of Typhoid Fever, as Exemplified in the Occurence of the Disease at North Boston, Erie County, N.Y. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1855.

           . A Textbook of Human Physiology. New York: Appleton, 1876.

           . A Treatise on the Principles and Practice of Medicine. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1866.

Foreman, Grant, ed. Marcy & the Gold Seekers: The Journal of Captain R. B. Marcy, With an Account of the Gold Rush Over the Southern Route. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1939.

Forman, Jacob Gilbert. The Western Sanitary Commission. A Sketch of Its Origins, History, Labors for the Sick and Wounded of the Western Armies, and Aid Given to Freed Men and Union Refugees, With Incidents of Hospital Life. St. Louis: R. P. Studley & Co., 1864.

Forry, Samuel. The Climate of the United States and Its Endemic Influences. Based Chiefly on the Records of the Medical Department and Adjutant General's Office, United States Army. 2d ed. New York: J. & H. G. Langley, 1842.

French, Samuel Gibbs. Two Wars, an Autobiography of Gen. Samuel G. French, an Officer in the Armies of the United States and the Confederate States, a Graduate From the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, 1843. Nashville, Tenn.: Confederate Veterans, 1901.

From Sumter to Shiloh: Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. New ed. New York: Castle Books & A. S. Barnes & Co., 1956.

Gale, John. The Missouri Expedition, 1818-1820: The Journal of Surgeon John Gale, With Related Documents. Edited by Roger L. Nichols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, [1969].

Garrison, Fielding H., ed. John Shaw Billings, a Memoir. New York and London: Knickerbocker Press, 1915.

Gibson, George Rutledge. Journal of a Soldier Under Kearny and Doniphan, 1846-47. Edited by Ralph P. Bieber. Clark Co., 1935. Reprint. Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1974.

Giddings, Luther. Sketches of the Campaign in Northern Mexico in Eighteen Hundred Forty-six and Seven. New York: George P. Putnam & Co., 1853.

Glisan, Rodney. Journal of Army Life. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft & Co., 1874, Library of Congress microfilm 35155.

Goldsmith, M. A Report on Hospital Gangrene, Erysipelas and Pyaemia, as Observed in the Departments of the Ohio and the Cumberland, With Cases Appended. Louisville, Ky.: Bradley & Gilbert, 1863.

Gordon, William A. A Compilation of Registers of the Army of the United States From 1815 to 1837 (inclusive). Washington: James C. Dunn, 1837.

Gould, Benjamin Apthorp. Investigations in the Military and Anthropological Statistics of American Soldiers. New York: Hurd & Houghton for the U.S. Sanitary Commission, 1869.

Gove, Jesse A. The Utah Expedition, 1857-1858: Letters of Capt. Jesse A. Gove, 10th Inf, U.S.A. Edited by Otis G. Hammond. Concord: New Hampshire Historical Society, 1928.

Grace, William. The Army Surgeon's Manual. 2d ed. New York: Balliere Bros., 1865.

Graham, Sylvester. A Lecture on Epidemic Diseases Generally and Particularly the Spasmodic Cholera. Boston: David Campbell, 1838.

Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs. Edited by E. B. Long. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster & Co., 1886.

Greeley, Horace. An Overland Journey, From New York to San Francisco in the Summer of 1859. Edited by Charles T. Duncan. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1964.

Greenleaf, Charles R. A Manual for the Medical Officers of the United States Army. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1864.

Gregory, George. Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Physic. With Notes and Additions Adapted to the Practice of the United States by Nathaniel Potter, M.D., Professor of the Practice of Physic in the University of Maryland, and S. Colhoun, M.D., Member of the American Philosophical Society &c. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Towar & Hogan, 1826.

Griffin, John S. A Doctor Comes to California, the Diary of John S. Griffin, Assistant Surgeon With Kearney's Dragoons, 1846-1847. Special publication no. 18. California Historical Society, 1943.

Gross, S. D. A Manual of Military Surgery; or, Hints on Emergencies of Field, Camp, and Hospital Practice. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1861.

           . Then and Now: A Discourse Introductory to the Forty-third Course of Lectures in the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Collins, 1867.

Gross, Samuel D. Autobiography of Samuel D. Gross, M.D., With Sketches by His Contemporaries. Edited by his sons. 2 vols. Philadelphia: George Barrie, 1887.

           . An Experimental and Critical Inquiry Into the Nature and Treatment of Wounds of the Intestines, Illustrated by Engravings. Louisville, Ky.: Prentice & Weissinger, 1843.

Hafen, LeRoy R., ed. The Far West and Rockies Historical Series, 1820-1875. 15 vols. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1954-61.

Hall, Marshall. Researches Principally Relative to the Morbid and Curative Effects of Loss of Blood. Philadelphia: E. L. Carey & A. Hart, 1830.

Hamilton, Frank H. A Treatise on Military Surgery and Hygiene. New York: Balliere Bros., 1865.

           . Vegetable Malaria, One of the Exciting Causes of Asiatic Cholera. Buffalo: Jewett, Thomas, 1852.

Hamilton, Frank Hastings, ed. Surgical Memoirs of the War of the Rebellion. Collected and published by the United States Sanitary Commission. New York: Hurd & Houghton, 1870.

Hammond, W. A., ed. Consolidated State of Gunshot Wounds. Washington: Surgeon General's Office, 1863.

           . Military Medical and Surgical Essays, Prepared for the United States Sanitary Commission. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1864.

Hammond, William A. A Statement of the Causes Which Led to the Dismissal of Surgeon-General William A. Hammond From the Army. New York, 1864.

           . A Treatise on Hygiene With Special Reference to the Military Service. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1863.

[Hand, William M.] House Surgeon and Physician. Hartford: Peter B. Gleason & Co., 1818.

Harris, Elisha. The United States Sanitary Commission. Boston: Crosby & Nichols, 1864.

Hennen, John. Principles of Military Surgery. London: John Wilson, 1829.

Henry, William Seaton. Campaign Sketches of the War With Mexico. New York: Harper & Bros., 1847.

Heustis, Jabez Wiggins. Medical Facts and Inquiries Respecting the Causes, Nature, Prevention and Cure of Fever. Cahawba, Ala.: William B. Allen, 1825.

[Hildreth, James.] Dragoon Campaigns to the Rocky Mountains: Being a History of the Enlistment, Organization, and First Campaigns of the Regiment of United States Dragoons. Wiley & Long, 1836. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell. Medical Essays 1842-1882. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1888.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. Touched With Fire: Civil War Letters and Diary of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., 1861-1864. Edited by Mark De Wolfe Howe. New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Holstein, Anna Morris. Three Years in Field Hospitals of the Army of the Potomac. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1867.

Horsford, E. N. The Army Ration. 2d ed., rev. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1864.

Hough, Lewis Sylvester. The Cholera Physiologically Explained: Showing Its Nature, Cause, Cure and Prevention. Philadelphia: Frankford Herald Office, 1854.

Hunt, Charles Havens. Life of Edward Livingston. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1864.

Hussey, Zimri. A Comprehensive and Practical Treatise on the Prevention and Cure of Epidemic Cholera. Cincinnati: Gazette Office, Wright, Fisher & Co., 1949.

Hyde, Solon. A Captive of War. New York: McClure, Phillips & Co., 1900.

Jackson, James. Preface to Researches on the Effects of Bloodletting . . . , by P. C. A. Louis, trans. C. G. Putnam. Boston: Hilliard, Gray & Co., 1836.

James, Edwin. Account of an Expedition From Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains Performed in the Years 1819 and '20. Early Western Travels. Edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites. Cleveland, 1905.

Jameson, Horatio Gates. A Treatise on Epidemic Cholera. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1855.

Jay, William. Review of the Causes and Consequences of the Mexican War. 1949. Reprint. New York: Arno Press & The New York Times, 1969.

Jenkins, J. Foster. Relations of the War to the Medical Science- The Annual Address Delivered Before the Westchester County (N. Y) Medical Society. New York: Balliere Bros., 1863.

Jesup, Thomas Sidney. Seminole Saga: The Jesup Report. Ft. Myers Beach, Fla.: Island Press, 1973.

Johnson, Charles Beneulyn. Muskets and Medicine, or Army Life in the Sixties. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Co., 1917.

Johnston, Abraham Robinson; Edwards, Marcellus Ball; and Ferguson, Philip Gooch. Marching With the Army of the West. Edited by Ralph P. Bieber. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1936. Reprint. Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1974.

Jones, Joseph. Quinine as Prophylactic Against Malaria Fever. Nashville: University Medical Press, 1867.

Kearny, Stephen Watts. The 1820 Journal of Stephen Watts Kearny, Comprising a Narrative Account of the Council Bluff-St. Peter's Military Exploration and a Voyage Down the Mississippi River to St. Louis. Edited by Valentine Mott Porter. Vol. 3. Reprint. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society, 1908.

Kenly, John Reese. Memoirs of a Maryland Volunteer: War With Mexico, in the Years 1846-7-8. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1873.

Kimball, Maria Brace. A Soldier Doctor of Our Army: James Kimball. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1917.

La Roche, R. Pneumonia: Its Supposed Connection, Pathological and Etiological, With Autumnal Fevers; Including an Inquiry Into the Existence and Morbid Agency of Malaria. Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1854.

           . Yellow Fever Considered in Its Historical, Pathological, Etiological and Therapeutical Relations. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1855.

Lane, Lydia Spencer. I Married a Soldier or Old Days in the Old Army. Albuquerque, N. Mex.: Horn & Wallace, 1964.

Latta, Samuel Arminius. The Cholera in Cincinnati; or, a Connected View of the Controversy Between the Homeopathists and the Methodist Expositor. Also a Review of the Report Read Before the Homeopathic Association. Cincinnati, 1850.

Lawton, Eba Anderson, ed. An Artillery Officer in the Mexican War 1846-7: Letters of Robert Anderson, Captain 3rd Artillery U.S.A. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1911.

Letterman, Jonathan. Medical Recollections of the Army of the Potomac. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1866.

Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice. My Story of the War: A Woman's Narrative of Four Years of Personal Experience. Hartford: A. D. Worthington & Co., 1889.

Long, Stephen H. Voyage of a Six-Oared Skiff to the Falls of Saint Anthony in 1817. Philadelphia: Minnesota Historical Society, 1860.

Longmore, Thomas. A Treatise on the Transport ofthe Sick and Troops. London, 1869.

Louis, P. C. A. Researches on the Effects of Bloodletting in Some Inflammatory Diseases and on the Influence of Tartarized Antimony and Vesication in Pneumonitis. Translated by G. C. Putnam. Preface by James Jackson. Boston: Hilliard, Gray & Co., 1836.

Lowe, Percival. Five Years a Dragoon, 1848-54. Kansas City, Mo.: Franklin Hudson Publishing Co., 1926.

Lusk, William Thompson. War Letters of William Thompson Lusk, Captain, Assistant Adjutant-General, United States Volunteers, 1861-1863, Afterward M.D., LL.D. New York: Privately printed, 1911.

Mackall, William W. A Son's Recollections of His Father. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1930.

MacKenzie, Robert. America and Her Army. London: T. Nelson & Sons, 1865.

Maclean, Charles. Evils of Our Quarantine Laws and Non-existence of Pestilential Contagion Deduced From the Phenomena of the Plague in the Levant, the Yellow Fever of Spain, and the Cholera Morbus of Asia. London: Baldwin, Cradock, & Joy, 1825.

Magoffin, Susan Shelby. Down the Santa Fe Trail: The Diary of Susan Shelby Magoffin, 1846-1847. Edited by Stella M. Drumm. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1926.

Majors, Alexander. Seventy Years on the Frontier: Alexander Majors, Memoirs of a Lifetime on the Border. Edited by Prentiss Ingraham. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, 1965.

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Journals, Journal Articles, and Newspapers

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American Medical Times, 1861-1864.

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Anderbach, G. "Some Observations on the Remittent Fever of Marshy Grounds, as Observed at Forts Jackson and St. Philippe, During the Summer and Fall of 1827." New York Medical and Physical Journal 9 (1830):74-78.

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Andrews, E. "Diathesis: Their Surgical Relations and Effects." Transactions of the American Medical Association 14 (1863):119-37.

Andrews, E.; Hubbard, G. S.; and Gilbert, R. H. "Report of the Committee on Military Hygiene." Transactions of the American Medical Association 15 (1864):17 1.

"Anesthetics in Military Surgery." American National Times 3 (1861):15 1.

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Armory Square Hospital Gazette (Washington), 24 Dec 1864, 7 Dec 1865.

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"Army Medical Intelligence." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 7 (1864):59, 128-31.

Army and Navy Chronicle 1 (1835):279-397.

Babcock, Willoughby Maynard, ed. "Minnesota as Seen by Travelers: A Dragoon on the March to Pembina in 1849." Minnesota History 8 (1927):61-74.

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Balley, V. "On the Therapeutic Properties of Morphine." American Medical Recorder 16 (1829):457-59.

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Barringer, Graham A., ed. "The Mexican War Journal of Henry S. Lane." Indiana Magazine of History 53 (1957):383-434.

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Beaumont, William. "Further Experiments on the Case of Alexis San Martin, Who Was Wounded in the Stomach by a Load of Duckshot, Detailed in the Recorder for Jan 1825." American Medical Recorder 9 (1826):94-97.

Beck, E. W. H. "Case of Excision of the Whole of the Genital Organs." Missouri Medical and Surgical Journal 3 (1847-48):160-61.

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           . The Development of Modern Medicine: An Interpretation of the Social and Scientific Factors Involved. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1936.

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Woodward, Grace Steele. The Cherokees. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

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Articles in Journals and Collections

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Adams, Ann. "Early Days at Red River Settlement, and Fort Snelling." Minnesota Historical Collections 6 (1894):75-116.

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Armstrong, John M. "Edward Purcell, First Physician of Minnesota." Annals of Medical History 7 (1935):169-76.

           . "An Introduction to the History of Medicine in Minnesota." Minnesota Medicine 21 (1938):41-43.

"Army Doctors-Pioneers and Peacemakers." Military Medicine 126 (1961):891.

Ashburn, Percy M. "One Century Ago." Military Surgeon 59 (July 1926):33-43.

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Bailey, John Reed. "Army Surgeon." Physician and Surgeon 22 (1900):572-83.

Ball, Otho F. "They Made Hospital History-John Shaw Billings." Modern Hospital 76 (1951):70-71.

Bardon, Richard. "The Background for Medical History for Northwestern Minnesota and the Lake Superior Region." Minnesota Medicine 21 (1938):121-27, 185-91,263-70,329-31.

Barrett, Arrie. "Western Frontier Forts of Texas, 1845-1861." West Texas Historical Association Year Book 7 (1931):115-39.

"Battles and Skirmishes in Wyoming Territory, 1853-1882." Annals of Wyoming 14 (1942):240-42.

Beers, Henry P. "The Army and the Oregon Trail to 1846." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 28 (1937):339-62.

           . "Military Protection of the Santa Fe Trail to 1843." New Mexico Historical Review 12 (1937):113-33.

Beers, Henry Putney. "A History of the U.S. Topographical Engineers 1813-1863." Military Engineer 34 (1942):287-91, 348-52.

Bender, A. B. "Frontier Defense in the Territory of New Mexico, 1846-1853." New Mexico Historical Review 9 (1934):249-72.

           . "Government Explorations in the Territory of New Mexico, 1846-1859." New Mexico Historical Review 9 (1934):1-32.

Berman, Alex. "The Heroic Approach in the 19th Century Therapeutics." Bulletin of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists 11 (1954):320-27.

Bienia, Richard A.; Stein, Emanuel; and Bienia, Baroline. "United States Public Health Service Hospitals (1798-198l)-The End of an Era." New England Journal of Medicine 308 (1983):166-68.

Blaser, Martin J.; Weiss, Stanley H.; and Barrett, Timothy J. "Campylobacter Enteritis Associated With a Healthy Cat." Journal of the American Medical Assocation 247 (1982):816.

Bloch, Harry. "John Morgan, M.D. and William Alexander Hammond, M.D.: Ingredients of Their Downfall." Military Medicine 140 (1975):798-800.

"Blue Velvet: The New Look in Drug Addiction." The Sciences 4 (19 64-6 5):7-11.

Boyd, Mark F. "An Historical Sketch of the Prevalence of Malaria in North America." American Journal of Tropical Medicine 21 (1941):223-44.

Bracken, Charles, and Parkison, Peter, Jr. "Pekatonica Battle Controversy." Wisconsin Historical Society Collections 2 (1855):365-92.

Breeden, James O. "Health of Early Texas: The Military Frontier." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 80 (1977):357-98.

Brieger, Gert H. "Therapeutic Conflicts and the American Medical Profession in the 1860s." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 41 (1967):215-22.

Brougher, John C. "Early Medicine in the Pacific Northwest." Northwest Medicine 62 (1963):34-39.

Bryan, Leon S. "Blood-letting in American Medicine, 1830-1892." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 38 (1964):516-29.

Buley, R. Carlyle. "Pioneer Health and Medical Practices in the Old Northwest Prior to 1840." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 20 (1933-34):497-520.

Bullough, Bonnie, and Bullough, Vern. "Nursing and the Civil War." Nursing Forum 2 (1963):12-27.

Burchell, Howard B. "Coincidental Bicentennials: United States and Foxglove Therapy." Journal of Medicine and Allied Sciences 31 (1976):292-306.

Cannon, Walter Bradford. "Some Modern Extensions of Beaumont's Studies on Alexis St. Martin." Journal of the Michigan State Medical Society 32 (1933):155-64, 215-24.

Carpenter, Charles C. J. "Cholera: Diagnosis and Treatment." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 47 (1971):1192-1203.

Cassedy, James H. "An Early American Hangover: The Medical Professor and Intemperance 1800-1860." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 50 (1976):405-13.

Churchman, John W. "The Use of Quinine During the Civil War." Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin 17 (1906):175-8 1.

Clark, Richard Carlton. "Military History of Oregon, 1849-59." Oregon Historical Quarterly 36 (1935):14-59.

Clementsen, Hans Jorgen. "Potassium Therapy. A Break With Tradition." Lancet 2 (1962):175-77.

Clendening, Logan. "History of Certain Medical Instruments." Annals of Internal Medicine 4 (1930):176-89.

Cotterill, R. S. "Federal Indian Management in the South, 1789-1825." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 20 (1933-34):333-52.

Covington, James W., ed. "Life at Fort Brooke, 1824-1836." Florida Historical Quarterly 36 (1957-58):319-30.

Crane, R. C. "Major George H. Thomas on the Trail of Indians in 1860." West Texas Historical Association Year Book 20 (1944):77-85.

Crimmins, M. L. "Camp Cooper and Fort Griffin, Texas." West Texas Historical Association Year Book 17 (1941):32-43. . "Major Earl Van Dorn in Texas." West Texas Association Year Book 16 (1940):121-29.

           . "Major George H. Thomas in Texas." West Texas Historical Association Year Book 14 (1938):73-82.

Cushing, Harvey. "William Beaumont's Rendezvous With Fame." Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 8 (1938):113-26.

Diffenbaugh, Willis G. "Military Surgery in the Civil War." Military Medicine 130 (1965):490-96.

Dixit, V. M. "Cause of Depression in Chronic Scurvy." Lancet 2 (1979):1077-78.

Duffy, John. "The American Medical Profession and Public Health: From Support to Ambivalence." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 53 (1979):1-22.

           . "The Changing Image of the American Physician." Journal of the American Medical Association, Annual Book, no. 200 (1967):30-34.

           . "The History of Asiatic Cholera in the United States." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 47 (1971):1152-'68.

           . "Social Impact of Disease in the Late Nineteenth Century." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 47 (1971):797-810.

Duncan, Louis C. "The Days Gone By: The Strange Case of Surgeon General Hammond." Military Surgeon 64 (1929):98-110, 252-62.

           . "Evolution of the Ambulance Corps and Field Hospital." Military Surgeon 32 (1913):221-43.

           . "Medical History of General Scott's Campaign to the City of Mexico in 1847." Military Surgeon 47 (1920):436-70,596-609.

           . "Medical History of General Zachary Taylor's Army of Occupation in Texas and Mexico, 1845-1847." Military Surgeon 48 (1921):76-104.

Elsberg, Louis. "On the Early History of American Laryngology." Transactions Of the American Laryngology Association 1 (1879):33.

Erlanger, Joseph. "William Beaumont's Experiments and Their Present Day Value." Weekly Bulletin of the St. Louis Medical Society 28 (1933):180-92.

Evans, W. A. "Davis, His Diseases and His Doctors." Mississippi Doctor 20 (1941):14-26.

Evans, W. L. "The Military History of Green Bay." Wisconsin State Historical Society Proceedings 47 (1899):128-46.

Faust, E. C. "Clinical and Public Health Aspects of Malaria in the United States From an Historical Perspective." American Journal of Tropical Medicine 25 (1945):185-201.

Foreman, Carolyn Thomas. "General Philip St. George Cooke." Chronicles of Oklahoma 32 (1954-55):195-213.

Forsyth, Thomas. "Fort Snelling: Col. Leavenworth's Expedition to Establish It, in 1819." Minnesota Historical Collections 3 [1870-1880]:139-67.

"Fort Atkinson, Iowa." Annals of Iowa. 3d ser., 4 (1900):448-53.

Friend, H. C. "Abraham Lincoln and the Court-Martial of Surgeon-General William A. Hammond." Commercial Law Journal 62 (1957):71-80.

Galdston, Iago. "Research in the United States." Ciba Symposia 8 (1946):362-72.

Gallaher, Ruth A. "Annie Turner Wittenmyer." Iowa Journal of History and Politics 29 (1931):518-69.

Gardner, Hamilton. "The March of the First Dragoons From Jefferson Barracks to Fort Gibson, 1833-1834." Chronicles of Oklahoma 31 (1953):22-36.

"Philip St. George Cooke and the Apache, 1854." New Mexico Historical Review 28 (1953):115-32.

           . "A Young West Pointer Reports for Duty at Jefferson Barracks in 1827." Missouri Historical Society Bulletin 9 (1952-53):124-38.

Garrison, Fielding H. "The Statistical Lessons of the Crimean War." Military Surgeon 41 (1917):457-73.

Gillett, Mary C. "Thomas Lawson, Second Surgeon General of the U.S. Army: A Character Sketch." Prologue 14 (1982):16-24.

Ginter, Emil. "Chronic Marginal Vitamin C Deficiency: Biochemistry and Pathophysiology." World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 33 (1979):104-41.

Goltra, John Nelson. "William Beaumont as a Scientist." Physician and Surgeon 24 (1902):529-42.

Goodwin, Cardinal. "A Larger View of the Yellowstone Expedition, 1819-1820." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 4 (1917):299-313.

Goodyear, James D. "The Sugar Connection: A New Perspective on the History of Yellow Fever." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 52 (1978):5-21.

Grandjux. "Un inventeur de la thermometrie clinique." Caducee 7 (1907):75-76.

Gross, Lue1ja Zearing. "A Sketch of the Life of Major James Roberts Zearing, M.D. (1828-1911)." Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society 2 (1921):139-202.

Hafen, LeRoy R. "The Fort Pueblo Massacre and the Punitive Expedition Against the Utes." Colorado Magazine 4 (1927):49-58.

Hall, Courtney Robert. "Confederate Medicine." Medical Life 42 (1935):443-508.

           . "The Lessons of the War Between the States." International Record of Medicine 171 (1958):408-30.

           . "The Rise of Professional Surgery in the United States, 1800-1865." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 26 (1952):231-62.

Hazzard, T. L. "Dr. Beaumont's Experiments on St. Martin." Pennsylvania Medical Journal 14 (1911):807- 10.

Heaton, Leonard D. "The Army Role in Medical Progress." Military Medicine 126 (1961):14-17.

Hodges, Robert E., et al. "Clinical Manifestations of Ascorbic Acid Deficiency in Man." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 211 (1977):432-43.

Holden, W. C. "Frontier Defense, 1846-1860." West Texas Historical Association Year Book 6 (1930):35-64.

Horine, Emmet F. "Episodes in the History of Anesthesia." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 1 (1946):521-26.

Howard, R. Palmer. "Cherokee History to 1840; A Medical View." Journal of the Oklahoma Medical Association 63 (1970):71-82.

Hume, Edgar Erskine. "Comment and Criticism: Medical Officers Who Marched With the Army Under General Scott Upon the City of Mexico in August 1847." Military Surgeon 54 (1924):99-101.

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