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Medical Statistics of the United States Army, Calendar Year 1954

Contents

PART ONE. ANALYSIS OF THE HEALTH OF THE ARMY AND ARMY MEDICAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES

FRONT MATTER

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

PREFACE

Chapter

I.         SUMMARY

II.        MEDICAL CARE

    A.  Major Morbidity Indices

            Admissions                                          

            Outpatient Care

            Average Duration

            Noneffectiveness

            Deaths

            Separations for Disability

    B.  Health Among Women in the Army, 1950-1954

III.       DISCUSSION OF SPECIFIC DISEASE AND INJURY CONDITIONS

            Acute Respiratory Infections

            Selected Respiratory and Related Infective Diseases

            Tuberculosis

            Malaria

            Infectious Hepatitis
          Dysentery and Related Conditions 

            Venereal Disease

            Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever

            Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases

            Neoplastic Diseases

            Allergic, Endocrine System, Metabolic, and Nutritional Diseases

            Psychiatric Disorders

            Diseases of the Nervous System

            Diseases of the Eye

            Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and Throat

            Diseases of the Circulatory System

            Diseases of the Digestive System

            Diseases of the Urinary and Male Genital System

            Diseases of the Skin and Cellular Tissue

            Diseases of the Bones and Organs of Movement

            Accidents, Violence, and Poisonings

IV.       MEDICAL PERSONNEL AND FACILITIES

            Army Medical Service Commissioned Personnel

            Inpatient Medical Workload in Army Medical Treatment Facilities

V.        OTHER ARMY MEDICAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES

            Dental Activities

            Veterinary Activities

            Processing of Selective Service Registrants

            Medical Care to Other Than Active Duty Military Personnel

APPENDIX. SOURCES, DEFINITIONS, AND METHODOLOGY

TEXT TABLES

Table

I.  Admissions to Hospital or Quarters, and CRO Cases: Nonbattle Causes, U. S. Army, by Year, 1950-1954
II.  Outpatient Care at Army Facilities Worldwide, by Categories of Personnel and Type of Care, 1954
III.  Outpatient Treatment at Army Facilities Worldwide, by Categories of Personnel and Type of Treatment, 1954
IV.  Average Duration of Stay in Hospital or Quarters for Nonbattle Causes, U. S. Army, 1953 and 1954
V.  Average Duration of Hospitalization (Hospital Admissions Only), Total Time Lost, and Time in Bed-Occupying Status, by Area of Admission and Disposition, U. S. Army, 1954,
VI.  Death Rates by Rank and Race, U. S. Army, 1954
VII.  Death Rates from Disease: Principal Causes by Age and Area of Admission, U. S. Army, 1954
VIII.  Deaths from Injuries, by Causative Agent, Duty Status, and Activity, U. S. Army, 1954
IX.  Total Deaths and Deaths Having Only One Cause Reported, U. S. Army, 1954
X.  Deaths from Immediate Causes Which Were Not Underlying Causes, U. S. Army, 1954
XI.  Disability Separation Rates, by Race and Broad Cause of Separation, U. S. Army, 1953 and 1954
XII.  Disability Separation Rates, by Rank and Type of Separation, U. S. Army, 1953 and 1954
XIII.  Percent Distribution of Disability Separations, by Broad Cause of Separation and Type of Separation, U. S. Army, 1953 and 1954
XIV.  Age-Specific Rates for Disability Separations, by Type of Separation, U.S. Army, 1954
XV.  Percent Distribution of the Various Types of Separations, by Length of Service of Separatees, U. S. Army, 1954
XVI.  Separations for Disabilities Due to Battle Injuries and Wounds, by Type of Separation, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XVII.  Percent Distribution of Permanent Retirements, by Percentage Rating of Overall Disability and by Broad Cause of Separation and Rank, U. S. Army, 1954
XVIII.  Admissions, Deaths, and Noneffectiveness for Disease and Nonbattle Injury Among Female Personnel, Total Army, 1950-1954
XIX.  Admissions and Average Duration of Stay for Female Personnel, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XX.  Deaths Among Female Personnel, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXI.  Selected Respiratory and Related Infective Diseases: Incidence and Deaths, U. S. Army, 1954XXII.  Incidence of Selected Respiratory and Related Infective Diseases, U. S. Army, 1954
XXIII.  Percent Distribution of Disability Separations, and Separation Rates Due to Tuberculosis, by Type of Separation, U. S. Army, 1953 and 1954
XXIV.  Admissions, Average Duration, and Noneffective Rates for Venereal Disease, by Diagnosis and Year, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXV.  Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases: Incidence and Deaths, U. S. Army, 1954
XXVI.  Incidence of Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases, U. S. Army, 1954
XXVII.  Admissions and Deaths Due to Malignant Neoplasms and Neoplastic Conditions of the Lymphatic and Hematopoietic Tissues, by Anatomical Site, U. S. Army, 1954
XXVIII.  Admissions for Pilonidal Cyst or Sinus, by Type of Operation and Average Duration of Stay: by Broad Geographic Area, U. S. Army, 1954
XXIX.  Diseases of Allergy: Morbidity Indices, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXX.  Diabetes Mellitus: Morbidity and Mortality, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXI.  Admission Rates for Diabetes Mellitus, by Age, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXII.  Admission and Incidence Rates, Noneffective Rates and Average Days Per Case, for Total Psychiatric Disorders and for Selected Subgroups, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXIII.  Leading Neurological Causes of Morbidity and Noneffectiveness, U. S. Army, 1950-1953 and 1954
XXXIV.  Deaths Due to Diseases of the Nervous System, U. S. Army, 1950-1953 and 1954
XXXV.  Separations for Disability Due to Neurological Conditions, U. S. Army, 1950-1953 and 1954XXXVI.  Admissions for Epilepsy, by Rank, Sex, and Race, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXVII.  Admissions for Epilepsy, by Age, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXVIII. Percentage of Admissions Due to Epilepsy Returned to Duty, U. S. Army, 1950-1954
XXXIX.  Selected Rates for All Nonbattle Causes, Disease, and Nonbattle Injury, U.S. Army, 1953 and 1954
XL.  Nonbattle Injury Admission Rates for Selected Military Branches, by Causative Agent, U. S. Army, 1954
XLI.  Regular Army Losses, by Cause, 1954
XLII.  Utilization of Medical Corps Personnel, by Function
XLIII.  Daily Average Number of Patients Occupying Beds in U. S. Army Hospitals and Infirmaries, by Type of Patient, 1952-1954
XLIV.  Average Number of Patients Occupying Beds in U. S. Army Specialized Treatment Hospitals, by Type of Treatment and Type of Patient, 1954
XLV.  Dental Procedures, by Category of Personnel, 1954
XLVI.  Selected Dental Procedures Performed for U. S. Army and Total Personnel, 1954
XLVII.  Prosthetic Appliances Fabricated in Central Dental Laboratories, U. S. Army, 1954
XLVIII.  Actual Worldwide Dental Corps Strength, by Command and Quarter, U. S. Army, 1954
XLIX.  Military Dental Assistants and Dental Laboratory Technicians, U. S.  Army, 1954
L.  Number of Civilian Dentists on Duty with U. S. Army, 1954
LI.  Dental Officers Completing Training Courses in Army Facilities, 1954
LII.  Dental Officers Completing Internships and Residencies in Army Facilities, 1954
LIII.  Dental Officers Completing Training in Civilian Institutions, 1954
LIV.  Enlisted Personnel Completing Training in Army Facilities, 1954
LV.  Veterinary Corps Officers Separated from U. S. Army, 1 January-31 December 1954
LVI.  Procurement and Surveillance Inspections of Foods of Animal and Non-animal Origin, by Class, 1954
LVII.  Procurement and Surveillance Inspections of Foods of Animal and Non­animal Origin, by Area, 1954
LVIII.  Antemortem and Postmortem Inspections, U.S. Army, 1954
LIX.  Veterinary Laboratory Specimens Examined in Continental United States, 1954
LX.  Mean Strength, U. S. Army-Owned Animals, 1954
LXI.  Admissions, Deaths, and Days Lost Among U. S. Army-Owned Animals, 1954
LXII.  Results of Preinduction Examinations, 1953 and 1954
LXIII.  Percentage of Registrants Found Not Acceptable, by Disqualifying Cause and Whether Previously or Not Previously Examined at Time of Preinduction Examination, 1953 and 1954
LXIV.  Results of Induction Examinations, by Type of Examination and Disqualifying Cause, 1953 and 1954
LXV.  Medical Care in Army Facilities, by Category of Personnel, 1952-1954
LXVI.  Morbidity Among Non-Active Duty Military Personnel: Admissions and Incidence for Disease and Injury, by Diagnosis Worldwide, 1952-1954
LXVII.  Approximate Confidence Limits for Frequencies Based on a 20 Percent SampleLXVIII.  Approximate Sampling Error in Rates Based on a 20 Percent Sample

CHARTS

Chart

Frontispiece. Deaths from Disease and Nonbattle Injury, U. S. Army, 1819-1954

A.  Nonbattle Admissions, by Diagnostic Class, Total Army, 1954

B.  Admissions for Nonbattle Causes, by Length of Service, Total Army, 1954

C.  Admissions for Nonbattle Causes, Selected Areas, U. S. Army, 1954

D.  Average Duration, Nonbattle Cases in Hospital or Quarters, by Type of Case, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

E.  Percent Distribution of Noneffectiveness, by Cause, Total Army, 1954

F.  Noneffective Rates, by Month, Total Army, 1953 and 1954

G.  Cumulative Percent Distribution of Permanent Retirements, by Percentage Rating of Overall Disability and by Broad Cause of Separation, U. S. Army, 1954

H.  Cumulative Percent Distribution of Permanent Retirements, by Percentage Rating of Overall Disability and by Rank, U. S. Army, 1954

I.   Incidence Rates for Acute Respiratory Infections, U. S. Army, October 1952-September 1954

J.  Admission Rates for Malaria, Selected Areas, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

K. Noneffective Rates for Venereal Disease, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

L.  Admission and Incidence Rates for Venereal Disease, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

M. Incidence Rates for Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever, U. S. Army Troops in Korea, by Month, June 1951-December 1954

N. Admissions for Asthma, Selected Areas, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

O. Admissions for Selected Disease Categories of Ear, Nose, and Throat, by Age, U. S. Army, 1950-1954

P.  Deaths Due to All Disease and to Diseases of the Circulatory System, U. S. Army, 1930-1954

Q. Authorized and Actual Strengths, Army Medical Service Commissioned Personnel, as of 31 December 1952, 1953, and 1954

R.  Results of Preinduction Examinations, Percentage Disqualified by Principal Disqualifying Cause, by Month, July 1950-December 1954

S.  Results of Preinduction Examinations, Percentage Disqualified of Total Examined, by Army Area, 1953 and 1954

PART TWO. SOURCE TABLES

1.  General Summary Table: Admissions, Incidence, EPTS Proportions, Cases Treated, Patient Census, Loss of Time, Separations, and Deaths, by Diagnosis, U. S. Army, 1954

2.  Admission Rates for Disease and Nonbattle Injury, by Area and by Month, U. S. Army, 1954

3.  Admission Rates for Selected Disease and Nonbattle Injury Diagnoses, by Area, U. S. Army, 1954

4.  Admissions and Admission Rates for Selected Disease and Nonbattle Injury Diagnoses, by Rank, Sex, and Race, U. S. Army, 1954

5.  Admission Rates for Selected Disease and Nonbattle Injury Diagnoses, by Age at Admission, U. S. Army, 1954

6.  Nonbattle Injury Admissions and Rates for Specified Causative Agents With Percent Distribution for Selected Branches by Causative Agent, U. S. Army, 1954

7.  Nonbattle Injury Admissions for Specified Causative Agents, by Nature of Traumatism, U. S. Army, 1954

8.  Nonbattle Injury Admissions for Specified Causative Agents, by Activity and Duty Status, U. S. Army, 1954

9.  Nonbattle Injury Admissions for Specified Anatomical Locations, by Nature of Traumatism, U. S. Army, 1954

10a.  Admission Rates for Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases and Acute Respiratory Infections, by Month, U. S. Army, 1954

    b. Admission Rates for Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases and Acute Respiratory Infections, by Month, Continental United States, 1954

    c. Admission Rates for Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases and Acute Respiratory Infections, by Month, Europe, 1954

    d. Admission Rates for Selected Infective and Parasitic Diseases and Acute Respiratory Infections, by Month, Far East, 1954

11.  Deaths and Death Rates for Nonbattle Causes by Age at Admission and Selected Diagnoses, U. S. Army, 1954

12.  Death Rates for Nonbattle Causes by Area of Admission and Selected Diagnoses, U. S. Army, 1954

13.  Deaths from Nonbattle Injuries by Specified Causative Agents and Nature of Traumatism, U. S. Army, 1954

14.  Death Rates for Nonbattle Injuries by Specified Causative Agents and Area of Admission, U. S. Army, 1954

15.  Death Rates for Disease and Nonbattle Injury by Month of Death, Separately for Continental United States and Oversea Admissions, U. S. Army, 1954

16.  Average Durations (Days Lost Per Case) by Cause of Admission, Death, or Separation, U. S. Army, 1954

17.  Noneffective Rates for Selected Disease and Nonbattle Injury Diagnoses, by Rank, Sex, and Race, U. S. Army, 1954

18.  Noneffective Rates for Specified Causative Agents of Nonbattle Injuries, by Rank, Sex, and Race, U. S. Army, 1954

19.  Separations for Disability by Broad Cause of Separation and Type of Separation, Classified by Age, Rank, and Race, Length of Service, and Branch of Service, U. S. Army, 1954

20.  Separations for Nonbattle Disability by Primary Cause of Separation, Classified by Type of Separation, U. S. Army, 1954

21.  Separations for Nonbattle Disability by Primary Cause of Separation, Classified by Sex, Rank, Race, and Age, U.S. Army, 1954

22.  Separations for Nonbattle Disability, by Primary Cause of Separation, Classified by Length of Service, U. S. Army, 1954

23.  Separations for Battle Disability by Primary Cause of Separation, Classified by Type of Separation, by Rank and Race, and by Causative Agent, U. S. Army, 1954

24.  Authorized and Actual Strengths of Army Medical Service Officers, by Command and Corps, 1953 and 1954

25.  Authorized and Actual Strengths of Army Medical Service Officer Temporary Grade Distribution, by Corps, 1953 and 1954

26.  Authorized and Actual Strength of Army Medical Service Officer Permanent Grade Distribution, by Corps, 1953 and 1954

27.  Inpatient Medical Care in U. S. Army Hospitals and Infirmaries, 1954

28.  Results of Preinduction Examinations, by Army Area and State, 1954, and Number Inducted, August 1950-December 1953, and 1954