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The Walter Reed Army Institure of Nursing (WRAIN)

Army Nurse Corps History Home > Army Nurse Corps Uniforms and Insignia > Army Nurse Corps Uniforms: A Retrospective Exhibit

The WRAIN Program, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, was established on 1 May, 1964, as a class II activity under the jurisdiction of the Surgeon General in cooperation with the University of Maryland School of Nursing, with the academic aspects of the program under the jurisdiction of the university.  MAJ Ilandene H. Filer was appointed Administrative Director.  The program initially provided financial assistance to 135 qualified high school graduates who desired to complete a four-year program in nursing.  Upon completion of the program, a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing was conferred by the University of Maryland.  Following state licensure, participants were commissioned as second lieutenants (initially; later as first lieutenants) in the US Army Reserve and were obligated to serve on active duty for three years.  In April 1975, it was announced that recruitment for the program was suspended pending a Department of Defense study of the program.  WRAIN officially closed on 30 June 1978.  A total of 1,219 students graduated from the program.  During its eleven years, five ANC officers served as WRAIN's Directors: LTC Ilandene H. Filer (1964-1967), LTC Margaret Ewen (1967-1968), COL Drusilla Poole (1968-1974), LTC Billie J. Barcus (1974-1976), and COL Hazel W. Johnson (1976-1978).