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Army Nurse Corps History Home > Highlights in the History of the Army Nurse Corps

Appendix A

Superintendents and Chiefs of the ARMY NURSE CORPS

Dita H. McKinney

15 Mar 1901-31 Jul 1909

Jane A. Delano

12 Aug 1909-31 Mar 1912

Isabel McIsaac

01 Apr 1912-21 Sep 1914

Dora E. Thompson

22 Sep 1914-29 Dec 1919




Julia C. Stimson

30 Dec 1919-31 May 1937

Julia O. Flikke

01 Jun 1937-13 Mar 1942



Julia O. Flikke

13 Mar 1942-30 Jun 1943

Florence A. Blanchfield

01 Jul 1943-30 Sep 1947

Mary G. Phillips

01 Oct 1947-30 Sep 1951

Ruby F. Bryant

01 Oct 1951-30 Sep 1955

Inez Haynes

01 Oct 1955-31 Aug 1959

Margaret Harper

01 Sep 1959-31 Aug 1963

Mildred Irene Clark

01 Sep 1963-21 Aug 1967

Anna Mae Hays

01 Sep 1967-10 Jun 1970


Brigadier General


Anna Mae Hays

11 Jun 1970-31 Aug 1971

Lillian Dunlap

1 Sep 1971-31 Aug 1975

Madelyn N. Parks

1 Sep 1975-31 Aug 1979

Hazel W. Johnson

1 Sep 1979-31 Aug 1983

Connie L. Slewitzke

1 Sep 1983-31 Aug 1987

Clara L. Adams-Ender

1 Sep 1987-31 Aug 1991

Nancy R. Adams

27 Nov 1991-1 Dec 1995

Bettye H. Simmons

2 Dec 1995-31 Jan 2000

William T. Bester

1 May 2000-

*Relative Rank (See entry for 4 Jun 1920.)


Appendix B

First Assistants to the Superintendents*
and Assistant Chiefs of the ARMY NURSE CORPS

Edith A. Mury
First Executive Assistant
Assistant Superintendent
(Sep 1918)

Nov 1917­Mid-1919

Julia C. Stimson
Assistant Superintendent and
Acting Superintendent

20 Jul 1919­30 Dec 1919

Sayres L. Milliken

Late 1919­Oct 1935

Nena Shelton

Nov 1935­Jan 1939

Florence A. Blanchfield

Feb 1939­Jan 1943

Acting Superintendent

10 Feb 1943­Jun 1943

Mary G. Phillips

15 May 1943­Jul 1945

Margaret E. Aaron

Sep 1945­Nov 1946

Mary G. Phillips Mar

1947­13 Aug 1947

Acting Superintendent

14 Aug 1947­30 Sep 1947

Katharine E. Baltz (Hayes)

Oct 1947­Aug 1951

Rosalie D. Calhoun

Sep 1951­Aug 1955

Margaret Harper

Sep 1955­Aug 1959

*Title used to avoid confusion with the statutory grade of "Assistant Superintendent" from July 1918-April 1947 (relative rank of captain to December1942 and captain to lieutenant colonel thereafter).


Harriet A. Dawley (Wells)

Sep 1959­Jul 1963

Anna Mae V. Hays

1 Sep 1963­31 Aug 1966

Gladys E. Johnson

1 Sep 1966­30 Sep 1967

Nelly Newell

1 Oct 1967­31 May 1970

Louise C. Rosasco

1 Jun 1970­31 Dec 1971

Edith J. Bonnet

1 Jan 1972­31 Jan 1973

Rose V. Straley

1 Feb 1973­31 Aug 1974

Edith M. Nuttall

1 Sep 1974­30 Apr 1978

Virginia L. Brown

1 May 1978­31 May 1980

Connie L. Slewitzke

1 Jun 1980­31 Aug 1983

Eily P. Gorman

28 Sep 1983­29 Sep 1987

John M. Hudock

1 Oct 1987­29 Sep 1991

Terris E. Kennedy

1 Sep 1991­6 Nov 1995

Susan C. McCall

6 Nov 1995­29 Sep 1998

Deborah A. Gustke

16 Apr 2000­


Appendix C

Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee Award

The Anita Newcomb McGee Award of the National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), honors the memory of Dr. McGee, who organized the Army Nurse Corps during the Spanish-American War. The award is sponsored yearly by the DAR to an active duty Nurse Corps officer, with the grade of captain or above and in a career status, selected by the Surgeon General as the "U.S. Army Nurse of the Year."


CPT Linda A. Bowman


LTC Sara Lundy


CPT Josephine A. Goligoski


LT Sharon Ann Lane


BG Anna Mae V. Hays


COL Hazel W. Johnson


COL Drusilla Poole


COL Nellie M. Hill


COL Mary Mulqueen


COL Marjorie J. Wilson


COL Mary Jane Carr


COL Edith M. Nuttall


COL Patricia M. Miller


COL Virginia L. Brown


LTC Naldean Borg


LTC Janet R. Southby


LTC Joyce Johnson-Bowles
LTC Susie Sherrod


LTC James D. Vail



MAJ Jayne O'Donnell


LTC Nancy C. Molter


LTC Barbara S. Turner


LTC Diane K. Corcoran


LTC Frannie M. Rettig


LTC Bonnie L. Jennings


LTC Kathryn B. Scheidt


LTC Carol A. Reineck


LTC Jane Y. Yaws


COL Irene M. Rich


LTC Cynthia A. Abbott


LTC Kathleen Y. Shackle


LTC Stephanie Marshall


LTC Linda H. Yoder


LTC Stacey Young-McCaughan


COL Janet A. Harris


Appendix D

The EVANGELINE G. Bovard Award

The Evangeline G. Bovard Award honors the Letterman Army Medical Center's outstanding Army nurse each year. The late Col. Robert Skelton established the award in 1956 in tribute to his first wife, who was an Army nurse. Evangeline Bovard's first duty station was Letterman, and she passed away in 1955 at Letterman. With the inactivation of Letterman Army Hospital, the award was transferred to Madigan Medical Center in December 1993. (See Appendix M.)


CPT Lenora B. Weirick


MAJ Ruth Edenfield


MAJ Iola R. McClellan
CPT Teresa M. Brown


MAJ Hendrina Jankowski


1LT Carmelita P. Clukey
1LT Mary K. LaVigne


MAJ Helen E. Grant


MAJ Irene G. R. Zieske


CPT Hazel W. Johnson


MAJ Mary Rita


LTC Margaret C. Stafford


LTC Marjorie J. Conly


MAJ Elizabeth E. Campbell


LTC Ramona E. DeLaney


MAJ Oswald A. Ferry
CPT Eileen J. Gentile


CPT Loretta Forlaw


LTC Marie L. Rodgers


CPT Erie D. Capps


CPT Larry W. Weigum


LTC Doris H. Ledbetter


CPT Marie T. Sweet


MAJ Kathleen Shafer


CPT Kathleen M. Scanlan



CPT Dena A. Norton


MAJ Kenneth Gunnell


CPT Shirley Jackson


CPT Patrick M. Garvin


CPT Patricia L. O'Rourke


MAJ Linda Crouch


MAJ Harriet Scheele


LTC Joyce G. Shank


LTC Karen A. Waxdahl


MAJ Carol A. Flynn


MAJ Rebecca Loomis
1LT Patricia Shelly


MAJ Analiza Savage
CPT Angela Martinelli


LTC Susan Spaulding
CPT Mona Bingham


MAJ Sarah M. Nordquist
CPT Joe D. Pena
CPT Adoracion G. Soria


MAJ Stacey Young-McCaughan
1LT Laura Moergeli


MAJ Joan Campanaro
CPT Jacqueline Parker


LTC Brenda Mygrant
CPT Gary Dufresne


MAJ Laura Rogers
CPT Lisa Snyder


LTC Pamela Hildreth
CPT Risa Bator


MAJ Katherine Kelly
CPT Michael Ludwig


COL Linda Casey
CPT Netta Stewart


Appendix E

Fellows of the American Academy of Nursing

The American Academy of Nursing is an independent organization under the sponsorship of the American Nurses' Association and is an active working body of nursing leaders and scholars in education, practice, administration, and research. Fellows are elected to membership based on their contributions to the nursing profession.


LTC Geraldene Felton (Ret.)
LTC Phyllis J. Verhonick (Ret.)
LTC Harriet Werley (Ret.)


COL Rosemary T. McCarthy (Ret.)


COL Lois Johns (Ret.)


COL Ira Gunn (Ret.)


BG Hazel Johnson-Brown (Ret.)
LTC Terry Misener (Ret.)


COL Barbara Turner (Ret.)
COL Cecil Drain (Ret.)


BG Clara Adams-Ender (Ret.)
COL Mary Frank (Ret.)
BG Dorothy Pocklington (Ret.)


COL Bonnie Jennings


COL Jean Reeder


BG Lillian Dunlap (Ret.) (Honorary)
BG Nancy Adams


COL Claudia Bartz
MAJ Eloisa G. Tamez, ANC, USAR


BG Marilyn Musacchio


COL Nancy Staggers (Ret.)
COL Barbara Jo Foley


Appendix F

The Phyllis J. Verhonick Award

The award is presented to an active duty, reserve, or National Guard Army nurse who demonstrates excellence in research that significantly contributes to nursing and improves patient care outcomes.


MAJ Susie Sherrod


CPT Loretta Garcia, USAR


MAJ Adele Rehm


MAJ Irene Rich


LTC Ruth Rae
MAJ Regina Girlando


MAJ Linda Yoder
MAJ Janet R. Harris


MAJ Linda Yoder
CPT Bruce Schoneboom


COL Cynthia Gurney
LTC Gail McClellan
MAJ Elizabeth Mittelstaedt
MAJ Stacey Young-McCaughan


LTC Elaine Walizer
MAJ Rebecca LaChance
MAJ Kathryn Dolter
MAJ Kimberly Armstrong


MAJ Elizabeth A. McGraw
COL Lynne M. Connelly
LTC Janet Harris


LTC Elizabeth Mittelstaedt
LTC Kathleen Dunemn
LTC Janice Agazio
LTC Ruth Harris, USAR
MAJ Petra Goodman


Appendix G

Army Nurse Corps White House Medical Unit


CPT Vicky Sheldon


MAJ Dianne Capps


CPT Ann Treleven


MAJ Barbara Eller


LTC Paula Trivett


MAJ Arthur Wallace


MAJ Leana Fox-Johnson


CPT Maureen Donohue


CPT Vinette Gordon


CPT Greta Krapohl


MAJ Brenda Conway McDaniel


MAJ Rene C. Katial


CPT Stacy Usher


Appendix H

Army Nurse Corps Medal

The Army Nurse Corps Medal is an award presented to the outstanding Army Nurse Corps officer upon completion of the resident AMEDD Officer Advanced Course. The medal was presented for the first time in 1961 and was given twice a year. The last Army Nurse Corps medal was presented in 1996 with the fielding of the all-corps AMEDD Officer Advanced Course. The course was reformatted from a six-month to a ten-week temporary duty (TDY) following successful completion of Phase I by correspondence.

Jun 61

CPT Angeline Hennek

Dec 61

CPT Corrinne Sater

Jun 62

CPT Sally Stallard

Dec 62

CPT Linda Lee

Jun 63

CPT John Robinson

Dec 63

MAJ Marthanne Kingsley

Jun 64

CPT John Girvan

Dec 64

CPT Anthony Soltys

Jun 65

CPT Frances Hiers

Dec 65

1LT Amelia Carson

Jun 66

MAJ Mary Condit

Dec 66

CPT Jean Johnson

Jun 67

MAJ Rose Munchbach

Dec 67

CPT Charles L. Matteson

Feb 68

CPT Nickey J. McCasland

Jun 68

CPT Felicitus E. Ferington

Dec 68

CPT Martha S. Johnson

Mar 69

CPT Joan R. Groce

Jun 69

MAJ Claire M. McQuail

Dec 69

CPT John A. Danner


Jun 70

CPT Janice M. Nelson

Dec 70

CPT Patricia J. Basta

Jun 71

CPT Franklin L. Metcalf

Dec 71

CPT David H. Zuelke

Jun 72

CPT Kay F. Layman

Dec 72

CPT Evelyn E. Boaz

Jun 73

CPT Jude O. Larkin

Dec 73

CPT Clement J. Markarian

Jun 74

CPT Mary C. Flinchbaugh

Dec 74

CPT Eda L. Weiskotten

Jun 75

CPT Linda C. Antle

Dec 75

CPT Sandra L. Hamper

Jun 76

CPT Patricia A. Warren

Dec 76

MAJ Elizabeth G. Ryan

Jun 77

CPT Karen S. Haase

Dec 77

CPT Margaret J. Zweig

Jun 78

CPT Donna Sylvester

Dec 78

MAJ Lawrence A. Hamer
CPT Timothy P. Williams

Jun 79

CPT Ruth Rae

Dec 79

CPT Mary Jo Heger

Jun 80

CPT Colleen D. Blazier

Dec 80

CPT Mary E. Gaskill

Jun 81

CPT Catherine B. Hilliard

Dec 81

CPT Linda S. Chancey

Jun 82

CPT Pamela J. Hildreath
CPT Patricia F. Prather

Dec 82

CPT Martha E. Brown

Jun 83

CPT Annette E. Etnyre

Dec 83

CPT Pamela K. Bailey


Jun 84

CPT Elaine M. DeCesare

Dec 84

CPT Patricia Saulsbery

May 85

CPT Amy M. Ertter

Dec 85

CPT Patricia O'Rourke

May 86

MAJ Mary Bradshaw

Dec 86

CPT Michael Burton

May 87

CPT Holly Davis

Dec 87

CPT Susan West

Feb 88

CPT Laura Ruse

May 88

CPT Kathryn Dolter

Dec 88

CPT Jane B. Everhart
CPT Michael McCarthy

Feb 89

CPT Sharon Steele

May 89

CPT John Blower

Dec 89

CPT Faith Kline

May 90

CPT Peggy Iverson

Dec 90

CPT Katherine Hightower

May 91

CPT Suzanne Pieklik

Dec 91

CPT Shawn Kueter

May 92

CPT Stella Reece

Dec 92

CPT Kimberly A. Smith

Jun 93

CPT Jean Boyle

Dec 93

CPT Suzanne Richardson

Jun 94

MAJ Nancy Soltez

Dec 94

CPT Patricia Hall

Jun 95

CPT John Canady

Dec 95

CPT Margaret Reuter

May 96

CPT Elizabeth Vane


Appendix I

Advanced Nursing Practice Award

The Advanced Nursing Practice Award is presented by the Army Nurse Corps Association (formerly RANCA) to recognize a mid-grade officer who has made significant contributions to the practice of nursing.


MAJ Donna Hunt


LTC Gemryl Samuels


LTC Joann Hollandsworth


Appendix J


The Chief, Army Nurse Corps, Award of Excellence recognizes outstanding junior Army Nurse Corps officers from all components who have made significant contributions to the accomplishment of the Army Medical Department mission and who have performed in an outstanding manner in support of the soldier.


CPT Katharine M. Kelly, AC
CPT Joseph T. Meegan, ARNG
CPT James L. Morgan, USAR


CPT Anna I. Corulli, AC
CPT Deborah Hogrefe, ARNG
CPT Sharon A. Raby, USAR


CPT Elisabeth A. Kassner, AC
CPT Karen F. Likins, ARNG
CPT Joseph S. Blandfield, USAR


CPT Betty Pettway, AC
CPT Sara J. Flanigan, ARNG
1LT Patricia Brigham, USAR


CPT Kevin Inman, AC
1LT James Gray, ARNG
CPT Samual Berger, USAR


CPT Teresa Duquette, AC
CPT Barbara Sutton, ARNG
CPT Deborah Moore, USAR


CPT Charline Grepeka, AC
1LT Randy Estes, ARNG


CPT Laura Feider, AC
CPT Bridget Veter-Overfield, USAR


Appendix K


The Army Nurse Corps Historian provides direct support to the Chief of Military History, the Chief, Army Nurse Corps, and the Army Nurse Corps. The nurse historian analyzes Corps issues within a historical context and disseminates this information to the military and civilian sectors.


LTC Hortense E. McKay


MAJ Helen M. Ely


LTC Pauline E. Maxwell


LTC Dolores Gunuskey


LTC Dorothy Zalabak


COL Anna Antonicci


COL Rosemary McCarthy


MAJ Mary Frank


MAJ Cindy Gurney


MAJ Winona Bice-Stephens


LTC Patricia Wise


LTC Iris West


MAJ Constance Moore


LTC Faye Hatter


LTC Debulon E. Bell


LTC Cynthia F. Brown


MAJ Debora R. Cox


Appendix L

Amita Award

The American Italian Awards, Incorporated (AMITA), presents twelve awards annually in New York City to honor American women of Italian descent who have distinguished themselves in their chosen field. The award has not been presented since the mid-1980s.


CPT Teresa J. Tauroney


MAJ Maria L. La Conte


LTC Katherine R. Jump


LTC Josephine M. Ognibene


COL Louise Rosasco


MAJ Doris M. Calcagni


COL Ruth Pacini Satterfield


LTC Mary Rita


LTC Anna E. Antonicci


LTC Marian Barbieri


LTC Philomina M. Tardio


LTC Anna Frederico
BG Madelyn N. Parks


LTC Marguarite J. Rossi


LTC Mary Lou Spine


COL Eugenia A. Vineys


Appendix M


1902 A monument to Spanish-American War nurses who gave their lives in 1898 was dedicated on 22 May 1902 in the nurses' section of Arlington National Cemetery. The memorial was given by surviving Spanish-American War nurses who paid tribute "To Our Comrades."

1906 The state of Illinois erected a statue in a park in Galesburg, Illinois, honoring Mary Ann Bickerdyke, a Sanitary Commission worker in the West who ministered to the needs of the wounded in no less than nineteen battles. An inscription on the monument reads:

"Mother Bickerdyke (1861-Army Nurse-1865)
She Outranks Me. -General Sherman."

1914 A large bronze statue, "a tribute of honor and gratitude" to Civil War nurses, was erected in the rotunda of the State Capitol Building, Boston, Massachusetts, by the Massachusetts Daughters of Veterans organization. The statue depicts a woman caring for a wounded Union Army soldier. The inscription on the base of the statue reads: "To the Army Nurses from 1861 to 1865, Angels of Mercy and Life Amid Scenes of Conflict and Death."

1915 The cornerstone of a memorial building honoring the heroic women of the Civil War was laid on 27 March 1915 in Washington, D.C. The building, dedicated on 12 May 1917 and given as headquarters to the American National Red Cross in perpetuity, was to commemorate the women of both the North and the South who "braved the discomforts of fever-striken camp or crowded ward to lessen the suffering of the sick and wounded."

1917 The McIsaac Loan Fund was established in memory of Isabel McIsaac, third Superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps. Loans from the fund were made available to nurses to further their education.

1918 The first scholarship in the Washington University School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri, was awarded. The scholarship, named for Julia C. Stimson who had gone to France in May 1917 as Chief Nurse of Base Hospital No. 21, was funded by the interest from $4 million given by an anonymous donor. The scholarship was to be used by graduates of the Washington University School of Nursing for advanced preparation for teaching, administration, and public health positions.


1919 A flag with a single blue star, representing 19,877 Red Cross nurses who had been on active duty with the Army Nurse Corps and Navy Nurse Corps and the American Red Cross in overseas areas, and 198 gold stars, representing nurses who died during World War I, was placed in the National Headquarters Building, American Red Cross, Washington, D.C.

1919 The Jane A. Delano Post Number 6, Washington Department of the District of Columbia, American Legion, was chartered on 9 July 1919. The post, composed only of nurses, was established as a living memorial to the second Superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps, Jane A. Delano. Another American Legion Post, the Helen Fairchild Nurses Post 412, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was named for an Army Reserve nurse who died in France during World War I.

1920 A scholarship fund for the education of nurses for tuberculosis work was established by the Alabama State Nurses' Association as a memorial to Alabama nurses who died in the service during World War I. In 1925, the purpose of the fund was changed to further the education of public health nurses.

1922 The nurses' residence at Harper Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, erected under the auspices of Senator James Couzens as a memorial to the Harper Hospital nurses who had served in World War I, was named the Emily A McLaughlin Hall. Miss McLaughlin served as a contract nurse in the Spanish-American War at the Presidio Hospital, San Francisco, and received several awards for her services as Chief Nurse, Base Hospital No. 17, Dijon, France, during World War I.

1923 Four memorial tablets were placed in memory of the officers, nurses, and enlisted men of the Medical Department of the Army who lost their lives during World War I. The tablets were placed in the Army Medical School at the Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. (later Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Walter Reed Army Medical Center); Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco; Fitzsimons General Hospital, Denver, Colorado; and at the Army Field Medical School, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.

1924 The "Nuns of the Battlefield" memorial was dedicated on 20 September 1924 in honor of the members of religious orders who had been employed by the Union Army to care for sick and wounded military men during the Civil War. The monument, located in a park in the District of Columbia, consisted of a granite shaft with a large bronze panel portraying twelve nuns representing various religious groups who served in Army hospitals. The monument was sponsored by the Ladies Auxiliary of the Ancient Order of Hibernians in America.


1927 The names of 101 Army and Army Reserve nurses who died during World War I were placed under a representation of the Army Nurse Corps insignia in the Cloister at the American Pro-Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Paris, France. The names of the Army Nurse Corps members were placed in the third bay of the cloister alongside remembrances to men of American combat divisions.

A figure of an American nurse in a blue service uniform with a crimson-lined cape was placed in the Pantheon de la Guerre, Paris, France. The figure, placed among scenes depicting events of World War I, was representative of nurses from the United States Army and Navy and the American Red Cross who served overseas during World War I.

The names of ten Regular Army nurses and ninety-one reserve nurses, Nurse Corps, U.S. Army, who died while serving with the American Expeditionary Forces, were placed in the Livre d'Or (Book of Gold) which was deposited in the archives of the city of Rheims, France.

1928 The cornerstone of the World War Memorial was laid on 31 May 1928. The building was dedicated to "the Heroic American Women in the World War." This memorial building was intended for use by the District of Columbia Chapter of the American Red Cross. Twenty-one organizations of women who were active in war work, including the nursing services of the Army and the Navy, participated in laying mortar upon the stone. The building was dedicated on 19 March 1930. The first column at the left of the north entrance was dedicated to nursing and inscribed "To Jane A. Delano and the 296 Nurses Who Lost Their Lives in the War."

1929 A statue representing an Army nurse was added to the monument in honor of America's World War dead located in a plot maintained by an American Legion Post in Woodlawn Park Cemetery, Miami, Florida. The four figures completing the memorial represented the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Army Nurse Corps.

1930 A monument, the gift of Col. Frank McDermott of Seattle, Washington, honoring the men of the 91st Division, American Expeditionary Forces, World War I, was dedicated at Fort Lewis, Washington. Among the figures on the memorial was a large statue of an Army Reserve nurse caring for a wounded soldier.

1931 The Memorial Chapel, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C., was dedicated on 21 May 1931 as "A Memorial to the Men Who Gave Their Lives to Service." In the chapel, the first window on the west side was placed as a memorial to the 205 members of the Army Nurse Corps who died


in active service during World War I between 6 April 1917 and 11 November 1918. The window, donated by the Corps and presented by Maj. Julia C. Stimson, Superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps, had as its distinctive marks the Lamp of Knowledge and the Caduceus and bore the words "In Memory of the Army Nurse Corps."

1931 L'Ecole Florence Nightingale (Florence Nightingale School) was dedicated on 25 June 1931 in Bordeaux, France, as a memorial to American nurses who died in service during World War I. Funding for the school building and for dormitories of the school of nursing was begun in 1920 by American nurses as a tribute to their comrades. An American Nurses Memorial Medal was struck on the occasion of the laying of the cornerstone of the school.

1931 The District of Columbia War Memorial, located in Potomac Park, Washington, D.C., was dedicated on Armistice Day in honor of the men and women of the armed forces from the District who served in World War I. The memorial, a circular marble bandstand of Doric-type architecture, bore the names of District military personnel, including Army and Army Reserve nurses, who died during World War I.

1934 The Jane A. Delano Memorial, a bronze statue depicting "The Spirit of Nursing," was dedicated on 26 April to Jane A. Delano and 296 nurses of the Army, the Navy, and the Red Cross who died in World War I, 1914­1918. The statue was placed in a square in downtown Washington, D.C., surrounded on three sides by the white marble buildings of the American Red Cross.

1942 On 15 November, a nurses' recreation hall at Fort McClellan, Alabama, was dedicated to Julia Lide, an Army nurse who served in the Spanish-American War and World War I. Miss Lide had been cited by the Commanding General, 3d Division, in France during World War I for extraordinary performance of duty under fire at Chateau Thierry, France, and had been awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French government. Miss Lide died at Base Hospital No. 17 in France on 24 February 1919.

1943 On 1 July, nurses' quarters constructed at Finney General Hospital, Thomasville, Georgia, were dedicated to the memory of 2d Lt. Lillie Ozelle Wages. Lieutenant Wages was killed in an automobile accident on her way from Camp Blanding, Florida, to a new assignment at St. Petersburg, Florida. District 2, Georgia State Nurses' Association, placed the memorial tablet honoring Lieutenant Wages.

1944 Seven nurses' quarters at Finney General Hospital, Thomasville, Georgia, were named in honor of thirty-five Army nurses who were left on Bataan


shortly after the United States entered World War II. Each of the seven quarters was furnished a plaque with the names of five of the Army nurses.

The dining hall was dedicated to thirty-one other nurses who served at Corregidor and were left in the Philippine Islands as prisoners of war. (All of the Army nurses were subsequently rescued or later liberated from Santo Tomas Internment Camp. See chronology entries for 9 Apr 1942 and 6 May 1942.)

1944 On 24 May, a hospital ship was named The Emily H. M. Weder in honor of Major Weder, who entered the Army Nurse Corps in 1918 and died at Walter Reed General Hospital in 1943. Major Weder had been chief operating room nurse at Letterman General Hospital and Walter Reed General Hospital.

1944 On 29 May, a hospital ship was named The Blanche F. Sigman in honor of Lieutenant Sigman and her colleagues, 1st Lt. Carrie Sheetz and 2d Lt. Marjorie G. Morrow, who were killed when the 95th Evacuation Hospital at Anzio was bombed during World War II.

1944 On 11 December, the U.S. Army's twenty-first hospital ship was named The Ernestine A. Koranda in honor of Lieutenant Koranda, ANC, who died in an airplane crash on 19 December 1943 in the Southwest Pacific.

1945 The Women's Club of Dallas County, Alabama, purchased a bomber aircraft for use by the U.S. Army Air Corps, to be named the Kitty Driskell Barber in honor of an Army nurse who was killed when the plane in which she was flying went down in the Mediterranean.

1945 On 13 February, the U.S. Army's hospital ship with the largest patient capacity (1,628 patients) was named The Frances Y. Slanger in honor of Lieutenant Slanger who was killed 21 October 1944 when struck by a German shell in her tented hospital area.

1945 On 13 February, a hospital ship was named The Aleda E. Lutz in honor of Lieutenant Lutz, ANC, who was killed on a flying mission to evacuate wounded personnel from forward areas. Lieutenant Lutz had flown more than 190 evacuation missions and had been awarded the Air Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters. The Distinguished Flying Cross was awarded posthumously.

1947 The burial site of 2d Lt. Louise W. Bosworth, ANC, in Hamm, Luxembourg, was adopted by the National Association of Nurses in Luxembourg "as a sign of gratitude to those who died in order to give us back our freedom." Bosworth died while serving with the 12th Evacuation Hospital in Luxembourg during World War II.


1948 A library at Boston City Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, was named the Morse-Slanger Library in honor of two graduates of the school of nursing who lost their lives while serving as Army nurses during World War II. The nurses were 2d Lt. Frances Slanger and 2d Lt. Dorothy Morse. Portraits of both nurses, provided by their classmates, were hung in the library.

1951 In celebration of the centennial of Anna C. Maxwell's birth, a fellowship providing full tuition and university fees for one year of study in nursing at Teachers College, Division of Nursing Education, Columbia University, including meals and lodging, was established. The fellowship honored Miss Maxwell, a contract nurse in the Spanish-American War. The first fellowship was awarded to Frances Sara Beck of London. A total of three fellowships were awarded from 1952­1956.

1956 A "Works of Mercy" window, installed in the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York, New York, was dedicated to the American nurses who had given their lives in the service of their country and, more specifically, to the nurses from St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing who served with the armed forces during both world wars. The service of the nurses was represented by the Badge of France and the Badge of England, placed on either side of the St. Luke's Hospital seal.

1957 The Congress of the United States unanimously voted to recognize the Altar of the Nation at the Cathedral of the Pines in Rindge, New Hampshire, originally established in 1945 as a memorial to all American war dead. In 1967, the Memorial Bell Tower of the cathedral was dedicated as a national memorial for all American women who sacrificed their lives for their country. A bronze tablet on the north arch of the tower depicts Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, assisting a wounded soldier from the battlefield during the Civil War. This plaque honors the women nurses serving the combat forces.

1962 The Marjorie Gertrude Morrow Memorial Library at the Iowa Methodist School of Nursing was named in honor of 2d Lt. Marjorie Morrow, ANC, who was one of three nurses of the 95th Evacuation Hospital killed during a bombing raid on Anzio beachhead in Italy on 7 February 1944.

1965 A commemorative chair plaque engraved "Anna C. Maxwell, RN" was dedicated with the opening of the new auditorium of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. Situated on the back of seat 18, Row L, located in the orchestra, it honors Ms. Maxwell, a Spanish-American War contract nurse.

1966 The Captain Catherine Weadock Newell Center, the former School of Nursing at St. Mary's Hospital, Tucson, Arizona, was renamed in honor of an


alumna who had joined the Army Nurse Corps during World War II. Captain Newell served with distinction in Europe and later in Japan. Captain Newell died at Walter Reed General Hospital in 1954.

1967 A fifty-star American flag, presented to the Brookline, Massachusetts, American Legion Post No. 11 by three students in the Army Student Nurse Program, was used thereafter as the flag to be flown over the post in honor and memory of Army nurses.

1968 The Lane County Chapter, American National Red Cross, Eugene, Oregon, dedicated its Board of Directors' Room to the memory of Maj. Maude C. Davison, Army Nurse Corps, who served with great distinction from World War I through World War II. After the fall of Bataan on 6 May 1942, Captain Davison was taken prisoner of war by the Japanese and served as the Principal Chief Nurse in charge of the nursing staff at Santo Tomas Internment Camp, Manila, P.I., until after the liberation when she was relieved by Army nurses who arrived on 9 February 1945. She was the recipient of no less than twelve awards, including the Bronze Star Medal and the Legion of Merit. Major Davison retired on 31 January 1946. She was born on 27 March 1885 in Cannington, Ontario, Canada; she died on 11 June 1956 in Long Beach, California.

1973 A life-size statue of 1st Lt. Sharon A. Lane, Army Nurse Corps, was unveiled at Aultman Hospital, Canton, Ohio. Lieutenant Lane was a 1965 graduate of the Aultman Hospital School of Nursing. The only Army Nurse Corps officer to be killed as a result of enemy action during the Vietnam War, Lieutenant Lane was fatally wounded on 8 June 1969 during an enemy rocket attack while she was on duty at the 312th Evacuation Hospital in Chu Lai, Republic of Vietnam. The base of the bronze statue carries the inscription, "Born to Honor, Ever at Peace," and the names of 110 local servicemen who died in Vietnam.

1978 The Julia Lide Monument Circle, located at Fort McClellan, Alabama, in front of Noble Army Community Hospital at Fort McClellan, was dedicated. Julia Lide was the only Alabama nurse who died during World War I while serving with the Army Nurse Corps. During the war she was cited by Col. David L. Stone, the commanding officer of the 3d Division, American Expeditionary Forces in Europe, for "extraordinary performance of duty, while under fire at Chateau Thierry, France."

1984 The Vietnam Memorial, located in Washington, D.C., bears the names of nine Army nurses who died while serving in Vietnam.

1984 The Vietnam Women's Memorial Project, Inc., was organized for the purpose of creating a monument for the women who served in Vietnam. The


statue was to represent and honor all women who served during the Vietnam War, from every branch of military service as well as from other private and governmental agencies.

1986 The life-size bronze stone statue at the North Carolina Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in the fall of 1986 and placed on Union Square in Raleigh, North Carolina. This memorial reminds all who view it of the enduring value of a common effort, among people of different backgrounds, toward a common goal.

11 Nov 1987 The first military nurses' memorial monument in the state of Massachusetts honoring military nurses throughout history was dedicated in North Weymouth, Massachusetts. Six lines from the poem "Where the Soldier Was" by Col. Maude Smith (Ret.) are inscribed on the stone.This beautiful monument was the inspiration of Col. Mary C. Quinn (Ret.) of NorthWeymouth, Massachusetts.

Jan 1988 The Smith Well Baby Clinic at Colonel Florence A. Blanchfield Army Community Hospital, Fort Campbell, Kentucky, was dedicated in memory of Capt. Patrick Smith, a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, and Capt. Rosemary Smith, a Community Health Nurse. This clinic and a scholarship for nursing students at Austin Peay State University serve to commemorate the Smiths following their tragic deaths in their home in 1987.

20 Jun 1989 A road at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, was dedicated in memory of Lt. Sharon Lane, who died in June 1969, the only American servicewoman killed by direct enemy fire in Vietnam. Sharon Lane Road is the first road at Fort Belvoir named for a Vietnam veteran and the first named for a woman. She received the Bronze Star with a "V" for Valor, the Gallantry Cross with Palm, the Purple Heart, and National Defense and Vietnam Service Medals. Her name is listed on Panel 23W, line 112, of the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Jul 1989 The AMEDD Museum was officially opened after the dedication ceremony on 24 July 1989 in San Antonio, Texas. The new museum has 16,770 square feet of space, including a large exhibit hall, a skylit gallery, a library, and a lecture hall. A phase II expansion added another exhibit hall and pavilion.

Jun 1991 Fitzsimons Army Medical Center officially changed the name of the street leading from the south gate to the hospital to Sharon A. Lane Drive in memory of Lieutenant Lane.

11 Nov 1993 The Vietnam Women's Memorial was dedicated in the nation's capital. The memorial honors the women who served during the Vietnam era. Diane Carlson-Evans, Vietnam veteran and former Army nurse, is founder


and President of the Vietnam Women's Memorial Project (VWMP). Col. A. Jane Carson (ANC, Ret.) and Lt. Col. P. Evangeline Jamison (ANC, Ret.) serve on the VWMP Board of Directors.

Dec 1993 A new facility at the Wisconsin veterans home was named in memory of 2d Lt. Ellen Ainsworth who was killed in action in World War II.

Dec 1993 With the inactivation of Letterman Army Hospital, Presidio of San Francisco, William Bovard, nephew of Evangeline Bovard, requested that the Army Nurse of the Year (Bovard) Award be transferred to either Fort Huachuca, Arizona, where Evangeline Bovard was stationed, or to Madigan U.S. Army Medical Center. The request for transfer to Madigan Medical Center was approved by the Surgeon General.

Jun 1995 Three ANC brigadier generals, Nancy R. Adams, Anna Mae V. Hays (Ret.), and Hazel W. Johnson Brown (Ret.), participated in the groundbreaking for the Women in the Military Service for America (WIMSA) Memorial with President Bill Clinton. This is the first national memorial commemorating the contributions and achievements of all military women, in all wars, all grades, and all periods of time. Brig. Gen. Connie Slewitzke, ANC (Ret.) serves as Vice President of WIMSA.

27 Jul 1995 The Korean War Veterans Memorial (KWVM) was dedicated in Washington, D.C. The memorial is a tribute to veterans of the Korean War, their deceased, and their comrades missing in action. Col. Rosemary T. McCarthy (ANC, Ret.) was three-time presidential appointee to serve on the KWVM Advisory Board. She also served on the design committee and was selected as Vice-Chair of the Board in 1991.

20 Sep 1995 The Lane Volunteer Center, Fort Hood, Texas, was dedicated in memory of 1st Lt. Sharon Lane, who was killed in action in Vietnam. The center is the headquarters for the post's many volunteer programs and family support group training classes.

18 Oct 1997 The Women in Military Service for America Memorial (WIMSA) was dedicated. The memorial is located at the gateway to Arlington National Cemetery. The computerized database or register, with photographs and individual stories of female veterans from all eras, forms the heart of the memorial. The purpose of WIMSA is to recognize all women who served in the armed forces; to document the experiences of women; to make their contributions a visible part of history; to illustrate their partnership with men in defense of our nation; and to inspire others as role models.


27 Jul 1999 The Colonel Mildred I. Clark Health Clinic at Womack Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, was named in honor of Col. Mildred I. Clark, the twelfth Chief of the Army Nurse Corps. She is the author of The Prayer of an Army Nurse.

Nov 1999 The U.S. Army Reserve Center in Tumwater, Washington, has been named in honor of the late Col. Edith Nuttall, who served as an Army nurse during three wars and rose through the ranks of Army nursing to retire as Assistant Chief of the U.S. Army Nurse Corps. This marks the first time that such a facility has been named for a woman. The senior Army Reserve organization based at the Tumwater facility is the 654th Area Support Group and supports up to 200 soldiers.